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Balandshavii mavqei Jopon dar Koreya

Dar niman duyumi solhoi 90-um va ibtidoi asri XX ham raqobati bayni mamoliki imperialisti baroi ba khud tobe kardani Koreya idoma yoft. Ba Jonon Koreyaro ba zeri itoati khud darovardan mamlakathoi imperialistii Evropa, az on jumla Rusiya, Faronsa va Germaniya khalal merasonidand. Onho az Jopon talab kardand, ki nimjazirai Lyaodunro ba CHin bargardonad, baroi hamin Jopon majbur shud, ki az in nimjazira dast kashad.

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Ba malika Min muyassar shud, ki jonibdoroni Joponro az hukumat pesh kunad. Javoban ba in joponiho boz ba tabadduloti Kukumati Koreya dast zadand. Subhidami 8 oktyabri soli 1895 onho bo sardorii general Miuru guyo baroi yori ba Tevongun ba qasr zada daromada, kushtor tashkil mekunand. Malika Min va baze nazdikoni u qatl karda shudand. In suiqasd qahru gazabi mardumi Koreyaro ba vujud ovard. Etirozi khalq chunon purzur bud, ki hukumati Jopon majbur shud Miururo ba Jopon khonda, kori u va ahli namoyandagii Joponro dar Koreya ba dodgoh dihad. Lekin hamai gumonbarshudagon bo sababi “isbot nashudani gunoh” safed karda shudand. General Miuru boshad, dar Jopon qahramoni milli shud. Badi in suiqasd dar Koreya jangi chiriki surat girift. Mohi fevrali soli 1896 shohi dar qasr habsbudai Koreya firor kard. Bo davati u aholii Seuli shurishbardoshta kabineti vazironi joponimaobro torumor kard. Du vaziri in Kabinet kushta shudand, boqimonda ba Jopon gurekhtand. Ba joi in hukumat hukumati ziddijoponi tashkil yoft.

Mamlakathoi digari imperialisti ham mekhostand, ki ba Koreya cap darorand. YAke az onho Rusiya bud. Mohhoi may – iyuni soli 1896 baroi doirai nufuz dar Koreya bayni Jopon va Rusiya du qarordodi Seul va qarordodi Maskav ba imzo rasonda shudand.

Az rui in qarordodho ham Rusiya za ham Jopon huquq ba dast darovardand, ki ba hukumati Koreya yori rasonand. Dar in mamlakat miqdori muayyani askaroni khudro doshta boshand.

Raqobati Rusiyayu Jopon baroi ba dast darovardani mavqe dar SHarqi Dur va zabti mustamlikaho dar bayni in du davdat jangi solhoi 1904 1905-ro ba amal ovard. On avvali soli 1904 bo hujumi eskadrai Jopon ba Port-Artur va dar CHemulpo garq karda shudani kishtihoi harbii rusii “Varyag” va “Koreete” ogoz meyobad. Dar in jang Rusiya az Jopon shikast mekhurad. Muvofiqi Sozishnomai sulhi Portsmut (IMA) az 5 sentyabri soli 1905 hukumati podshohii Rusiya manfiathoi siyosi, harbi va iqtisodii Joponro dar Koreya etirof kard yak qismi qalamravi khudro az dast dod. Muvofiqi shartnomai bayni Jopon va Koreya az 17 noyabri soli? az boloi Koreya protektorati Jopon muqarrar karda shud. Minbad Koreya huquqi ba mamlakathoi khoriji mustaqilona robita kardanro az dast dod.

Badi mohi fevrali soli 1906 tasis dodani namoyandagii kulli Jopon dar Koreya hukumati lukhtakmonanli Koreya bo sardorii Li Vanyon tashkil karda shud. SHartnomai soli 1907-i dar bayni Koreya va Jopon bastashuda hukumati Koreyaro ba namoyandai kulli Jopon tobe kunond.

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