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Ba Hollandiya purratar tobe karda shudani Indoneziya

Dar barobari Hollandiya ba Indoneziya sarmoyai davlathoi digari imperialisti ham vorid megardid. In ravand hukumatdoroni Hollandiyaro ba tashvish ovard. Vale on ba fishori Angliya tob ovarda natavonist. In bud, ki soli 1871 Hollandiya va Angliya Sozishnomai Sumatraro ba imzo rasonidand. Muvofiqi on Hollandiya ba ivazi ba Angliya voguzor kardani mustamlikai dar sohili Afrikai Garbi voqebudai khud (dar Ache-Sumatrai SHimoli, ki dar nazdikii Maday va Singapur voqe ast), huquqi ozodona amal kardanro ba dast darovard. Hollandiya ba Angliya dar Sumatra sharoiti khubi tijorati muhayo sokht.

5241ind Nederlandse soldaten gaan aan land te Pasir Poetih op 21-7-1947.

Hukumati Hollandiya az sultoni Ache talab kard, ki u ba zeri Sozishnomai tobeiyati khud ba Hollandiya imzo guzorad. Lekin sulton javobi rad dod. Javoban ba in 26 marta soli 1873 Hollandiya bar ziddi Ache amaliyoti jangiro cap kard. Badi janghoi shadid mohi dekabri hamon sol Hollandiya lashkari Achero torumor namud. Hukumat sarosemavor ba mulkhoi Hollandiya hamroh karda shudani Achero elon kard. Vale jangi mazkur bo hamin khotima nayoft. Dere naguzashta “jangi muqaddas” bar ziddi “kofiron” qarib tamomi Indoneziyaro faro girift. Hollandiya yakchand marotiba pasi ham ba Ache sarboz firistond. Ba artishi Hollandiya tanho soli 1879 muyassar shud, ki nohiyahoi nazdisohilii sultonii Achero ba dast darorand.

Dar bayni rohbaroni shurishi ozodikhohonai sultonii Ache Tengku CHik di Tiro, Imom Longbata, Teuku Umar va hamsari Umar – CHut Niya Din budand. Dastahoi jangovari onho borho bar neruhoi dushman dastbolo shudaand. Hollandiho didand, ki Achero bo rohi zuri istilo karda nametavonand, amaldoroni mansabparast va molu sarvathoi mahalliro tavassuti rishvayu tuhfa, imtiyozho va vazifahoi serdaromad ba tarafi khud kashidand Sarfi nazar az in muboriza ba tavri mutashakkil to soli 1904 va nomutashakkil to soli 1913 davom kardaast.

Solhoi 70-um va 80-umi asri XIX hollandiho dar Indoneziya knyazihoi ziyodi digarro niz ba itoati khud darovardand. Bo vujudi in to soli 1900 dar in jo boz qarib 350 knyazi feodali, yo khud “svapracha” (“mulkhoi khudidorashavanda”) mavjud budand, onhoro ashrofoni feodali, yo ki peshvoyoni avlodu qabilaho idora mekardand. Lekin in knyaziho qudrat nadoshtand, ki istiqloli khudro himoya kunand. Soli 1898 hukumati Hollandiya bo nomi “Izhoroti mukhtasar” sanadero murattab sokht. Dar on gufta meshud, ki hokimoni davlatchahoi to hol “khudidorashavanda” huquq nadorand, mustaqiman bo yagon davlati khoriji robita kunand. Onho vazifadorand hamai on farmonhoi hukumatiro, ki ba kori dokhiliashon marbutand, bechunu charo ijro namoyand. Dar zarfi 10 sol hamai hokimoni Indoneziya majbur shudand, ki ba zeri in sanadi asoratovar imzo guzorand. Bo vujudi in na dar hama jo khalqi mahalli ba hollandiho itoat mekard. Dar janubu garbi Sulavesi, dar Jambi, Banjarmasii, Ache, jazirai Lombok va ba joyhoi digar imzoguzorii majburi ba “izhorot” shurishhoro amal ovard. Sarfi nazar az in ba Hollandiya muyassar shud, aksariyati knyaziho va sultonihoi Indoneziyaro ba itoati khud darorad. Tanho yak qismi kami onho nasibi Angliya shud.

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