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BUSIR

verbascum_thapsusBUSIR (Verbassum thapsus), burmis, dumi gov, margi mohi, giyohest dusola. Az 30 to 180 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash rost, serbarg. Barghoi nazdi reshaash darozruyai yaklukht, barghoi mobayni bayzashakl, barghoi nazdi gul darozruyai nugtez. Gulash zard, dar khushaguli saraki poya joygir ast. Guzaash bayzashakl, tukhmash maydai burtob. Iyun – avg. gulu meva mekunad. Dar joyhoi kamnam, nishebihoi sersangu shagal, bazan dar hamvoriho, atrofi chashmaho mesabzad. Dar mavzehoi Hisoru Darvoz, Tojikistoni SHarqi va Pomiri Garbi (dar balandii 1700 – 2900 m az s.b.) vomekhurad.
Ba sifati davo khushaguli B. istifoda meshavad. Onro dar davrai purra shukuftanash va dar havoi oftobi jam meorand. Ruzi boroni yo badi rekhtani shabnam gun ovardani rastani joiz nest, zero on pusida kornoshoyam meshavad. Hushagulhoro dar joi soya mekhushkonand. Gulbarghoi nagz khushkida rangi zardi kushod dorand. Onhoro to 2 sol nigoh doshtan mumkin ast.
Dar tibbi khalqii Tojikiston gulchoyi B. chun davoi isholovar, balgamron, peshobron va ziddi iltihob az qadim malum ast. Jushobi barghoi poyonii onro hangomi nazlai meda, ruda, bemorihoi jigar, ispurj, tarbod, inchunin baroi muolijai ziqi nafas, nafastangi, sili shush va g. tavsiya medihand.
Dar tibbi muosir gul va goho bargi B. kor farmuda meshavad (dar mavridi sulfa, bemorihoi shush va meda). Bahri in 15 – 20 giromi onro dar yak istakon obi jush tar karda, ruze 1 – 2 qoshuqi 3 – 4 marotiba menushand. Bo in maqsad az naqei guli on niz istifoda mekunand (2 qoshuq guli maydakardaro dar yak istakon obi jush andokhta memonand va dar davomi ruz menushand; kudakon onro boyad dar 2 ruz istemol namoyand).
Bo maqsadi tabobati sulfai kudakon az guli B. va reshai gulkhayri sharbat tahiya mesozand: ba yak istakon obi jush az hardu yakqoshuqchagi andokhta, 200 g shakar ilova mekunand va to gafs shudan, mejushonand; sipas davoro khunuk karda mepolonand va ruze 4 – 6 marotiba bo qoshuqi choynushi meoshomand.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh priminenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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