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BUGUMAK

bugumakBUGUMAK (Polygonum persicaria), bobosilak, kaykalaf, giyohest yaksola. Az 20 to 100 sm qad mekashad. Poyai bugumdori sershokh, bargi neshtarshakl, guli gulobi yo safed dorad. Gulash mohhoi may – okt. meshukufad. Dar margzorho, sahro, bog, qad – qadi juyborho, kishtzori obi va sholizor (dar balandii 300 – 2700 m az s. b.) meruyad.
Bo maqsadi dorui bargu poya (asosan nugi shokhchaho)-i B.-ro dar davrai gulshukuft jam ovarda, dar joi soya khushk mekunand. Tabiboni khalqi naqei B.-ro baroi tabobati qabziyati muzmin, bavosir, khunravii bachadon, radikulit, inchunin baroi rondani peshob tavsiya medihand. Bo in maqsad boyad 1 chumcha bargi kuftai B.-ro dar yak istakon obi jush andokhta, 4 soat nigoh dosht; onro polida, tuli 3 hafta ruze 2 marotiba badi khurok nimistakoni istemol kardan lozim ast. Bo in maqsad metavon qiyomi obakii onro niz istifoda burd (30 – 40 chakragi ruze 3 marotiba pesh az taom; 1 – 3 hafta).
Bo aqidai tabiboni khalqi B. behtarin davoi bavosir ast. Baroi in 4 kaf alafi tar yo 2 kaf alafi khushki onro dar 2 l ob 15 daqiqa mejushonand; sipas ba davo 2 istakon shiri garm va yak chumcha ohar andokhta, dar bugi on meshinand. Davomoti tabobat 1 – 2 moh ast. Gayr az in, bo naqei B. (1 qoshuqcha dar yak istakon ob) guluro gargara mekunand (dar natija dard va varami on nest meshavad).
Pajuhishho nishon dodand, ki naqe va qiyomi obakii B. faoliyati dilro taqviyat bakhshida, raghoro tang mekunand, lakhtabandi va gilzati khunro meafzoyand. Qiyomi obi va spirtii B. tasiri isholovar niz dorad. Dar bemorkhonai Donishgohi davlatii tibbii Qazoqiston davohoi B. baroi muolijai bavosir sanjida shudand. Malum gasht, ki onho dar barobari ishol, peshobro niz meronand, khosiyati khunbandi doshta, baroi tabobati bemorihoi gurda va dil, inchunin bavosir va qabziyat mufidand. Dar amaliyai tib qiyomi obi (30 – 40 chakragi ruze 3 marotiba) va naqei B. (yak qoshuqi ruze 3 marotiba to istemoli khurok) – ro baroi tabobati khunshorii bachadon va bavosir tavsiya medihand.
Ad.: Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989

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