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BUGMA

leonticeBUGMA (Leontice ewersmannii), gilemshuy, sobunak, tasbehak, nave az giyohhoi bisyorsola. Az 20 to 60 sm qad mekashad. Bargash pahni chokdor, gulash zard, guzaash pufakshakl (1 – 2 tukhm dorad). Mart – apr. gul va apr. – iyun meva mekunad. Odatan, dar nishebii kuhho, buttayu beshazori garmser, pistayu farkzor meruyad. Onro dar mavzehoi Sirdaryo, Hisoru Darvoz va Tojikistoni Janubi (dar balandii 1100 – 1900 m az s.b.) duchor omadan mumkin ast.
Bo aqidai Disquridus in rastaniro hama medonad, zero on pashmro «az iflosiho toza mekunad». Beruni B.-ro gilemshuy nomidaast. Va imruz niz lundabekhhoi onro sobunak menomand. Peshtar onro chun sobun kor mefarmudand.
Dar tibbi khalqi jushobi bekhi B.-ro davoi iltihob, zakhmi medavu ruda, sil, bugma, zaifii tan va g. mehisobidand. Jushobi bargu gul va mevai on ba sifati obzan (vanna) baroi muolijai amrozi pust tavsiya meshavad, bo meva va bekhi B. bemorii sifilisro tabobat mekardand.
Dar tibbi ilmi qiyomi khushk va tari L. Smirnovii baroi tabobati gastrit, akhiliya va dig. bemorihoe, ki vobasta ba kamii tarashshuhi shirai meda meboshand, istifoda megardad. Qiyomi khushki B. khokai safedi zardcha buda, tami talkh dorad va dar ob nagz hal meshavad. Az B. alkaloidhoi taspin, pakhikarpin, lupanin, leontidin, deontamin, leontin va g. judo karda shudaand.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh priminenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989

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