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BRONHOEKTAZ

bronhoektazBRONHOEKTAZ (Bronchoectases; az bronkhho va ektasis – vase shudan), bronkhoektaziya, illati uzvhoi nafas, ki boisi vase va digargun shudani bronkhho megardad. B. modarzod va gayrimodarzod meshavad. B.-i modarzod kam duchor meoyad. B.-i gayrimodarzod oqibati bronkhiti muzmin, gazaki shush, gripp, bemorihoi siroyatii kudakon (surfakabudak, surkhcha) va g. meboshad. Balgame, ki jam meshavad, ba gazak giriftani devorai bronkhho va boftai atrofi shush musoidat mekunad. Jarayoni B. muzmin ast. Alomathoi klinikii B.-i khurd va kamshumori varaja muddati daroz padid nameoyand. Dar asnoi B.-i kaloni sershumor tablarza va sulfai sakht ruy doda, balgami bisyori badbuy (dar yak shabonaruz to 1l), makhsusan pagohiruziho, ikhroj meshavad. Ajab nest, ki az shush khun ravad. Agar kasali kuhna shavad, gurda va silsilai dilu ragho illat meyoband.
Hangomi shiddati bemori tabobatro dar bemorkhona meguzaronand. Dar davrahoi khomush gashtani jarayoni iltihob tahti nazorat va tainoti dukhtur tadbirhoe andeshida meshavand, ki baroi az balgam toza shudani bronkhho kumak merasonand. Tabobati sanatorii B. dar kurorthoi iqlimashon khushku garm, inchunin muolijai fizioterapevti foidabakhsh meboshand. Agar illati shush yaktarafa yo mahdud boshad, jarrohi natijai khub medihad. Durust va sari vaqt tabobat kardani gazaki shadid va muzmini uzvhoi nafas rohi asosii peshgiri namudani B. mahsub meshavad.
Peshgirii jarayoni iltihobi bronkhho ba afzudani muqobilati organizm ba siroyat asos yoftaast. Bo in maqsad rioyai tartibi koru istirohat, mashguliyathoi varzishii nafaskashi, obutobi organizm, inchunin istemoli khuroki sergizoe, ki ba miqdori kofi safedahoi hayvoni va vitamin dorad, zarur ast. Dar muhiti havoyash toza, harorati doimi va ori az moddahoi kimiyoi kor kardani bemoron baroi peshgirii B. khele muhim meboshand.

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