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BRONHHO

bronhoBRONHHO (az yun. bronchos – khirnoy, khikirtak), shokhahoi noi nafaskashi, ki havoro ba shush mebarand. Du bronkhi asosi – rost (kalontar) va chap (khurdtar) ba shush daromada, ba shokhahoi kalonu khurd taqsim meshavand. Har shokha dar navbati khud ba alveolaho vorid megardad. B. dar mahalli miyondevori sina bo raghoi buzurg vomekhurand; az boloi bronkhi chap kamoni aorta, az bronkhi rost venai toqa meguzarad. B. asosan az nimhalqaho va falshoi tagoyaki iborat buda, bo mushakhoi sufta tamin gardidaand; onho az darun bo pardai luobi va epiteliy faro girifta shudaand. Bo junbidani mijgonakhoi epiteliy jismhoi begonai ba rohi nafas aftoda berun barovarda meshavand. Dar qabati zerpardai luobi gadudhoi luobbaror va hubobchahoi limfavi voqe gashtaand. B.-ro az berun boftai payvandi ihota mekunad, ki tavassuti on raghoi khun va limfa meguzarand.
Nig. niz Bronkhit, Bronkhografiya, Bronkholitiaz, Bronkhoskopiya, Bronkhostenoz, Bronkhoektaz.
KL
SHokha rondani bronkhho dar shush (naqsha): 1 – khirnoy; 2 – bronkhhoi asosi; 3 – hissai bronkhho; 4 – bronkhhoi banddor; 5 – hissachahoi shush; 6 – atsinus; 7 – hissai poyoni bronkhi rost; 8 – bandi shush.

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