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BORZAD

potentillaBORZAD (Potentilla), poyzog, panjagul, giyohest bisyorsola. Poyaash khazanda (daroziash 8 – 50 sm), bandhoyash reshador. Barghoi bekhash panjashakl, bargchahoyash bayzashakli darozruya. Gulash kaloni tillorang. Davrai gulshukuftash may – avg.; tukhmash avg. mepazad. Dar beshazori garmser va pahnbarg, dar qadi juyho, sohili daryo, margzori mavzehoi Qurama, Turkiston, Zarafshon, Hisoru Darvoz va Tojikistoni Janubi (dar balandii 600 – 2100 m az s. b.) meruyad.
B. giyohi doruii mamul ast. Bo maqsadi tabobat poya, barg va guli onro istifoda mebarand. Reshai B.-ro bahoron va tiramoh, bargu poyaashro mohhoi iyun – iyul megundorand. Dar tarkibi B. ba miqdori ziyod moddahoi dabbogi va vitamini S mavjud ast.
Abualii Sino bo jushobi reshai panjagul zakhmhoi gunogun, tabkhol, sarsom va jarabro tabobat mekard, iltihobi asab va istisqoi khoyaro tarbandi menamud. Bo jushobi reshai B. gargara kardani dahon dardi dandonro taskin mebakhshad. SHirai reshai on davoi dardi jigar va zardparvin ast.
Sokinoni tahjoi jushobi resha va bekhi onro chun davoi khunband, inchunin baroi tabobati dardi meda istifoda mebarand. CHoyi «alaf»-i B.-ro hangomi khunshorii voraho, kasalii gulu, iltihobi rohhoi boloii nafas, zafi meda va isholi khunin menushand. Sokinoni boloobi d. Zarafshon jushobi B.-ro dar mavridi zardparvin, guluzindonak, dardi shikam, darunravi istemol mekunand. Bo in maqsad 1 qoshuq resha va alafi khushki onro 1 – 2 soat dar 1 istakon obi jush tar karda memonand. Sipas davoro polonda ruze 3 – 4 marotiba 1-qoshuqi meoshomand.
Dar amaliyai tibbi muosir jushobi reshai B. hangomi bemorihoi iltihobii uzvhoi hozima, ki boisi darunravi megardand (enterit, enterokolit, dispepsiya), iltihobi javfi dahon (stomatit, gingivit) va amrozi pust tavsiya doda meshavad.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh priminenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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