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BODOVARD

bodovardBODOVARD (Silybum marianum), bodruz, khori karrok, kukukhor, giyohest yak yo dusola. Poyaash rost, odatan beshokha, to 150 sm qad mekashad. Bargash kaloni khordor, rakhhoi safed dorad. Hushagulash «sabadak»-i kalon, dar nugi poya joy giriftaast. Gulash mayda, naychashakli arguvoni. Odatan, mohhoi may – iyun gul karda, avg. – sent. tukhm mebandad. B. chun alafi begona dar kanori roh, nazdi khonaho, zamini partov, bogu kishtzor va g. meruyad.
B. giyohi doruist. Jolinus onro baroi tabobati amrozi gunogun istifoda meburd. Abualii Sino bo jushobi bekhi bozovard niqris, khunpartoi, isholi kuhna va dardi dandonro muolija mekard; onro chun dorui peshobron va taqviyatbakhshi uzvhoi hozima tavsiya medod; az on marham tayyor karda, ba omos mebast.
Tabiboni khalqi jushob yo khokai tukhmi B.-ro az qadim baroi tabobati illati jigar, sipurz, zahradon va zardparvin istifoda mebarand; shirai bargi onro hangomi khala, qabziyati medavu ruda va chun davoi zahraronu peshobron tavsiya medihand. Jushobi reshai B.-ro hangomi nazla (katari)-i meda menushand. Bo tukhmi B. iltihobi jigar, illati sipurz, talkhadon, sangi zahradon, zafarma va bavosir muolija karda meshavad. Qiyomi samari on juzi tarkibii dorui «kholelitin» ast, ki baroi tabobati kholetsistit, gepatitho va g. istifoda megardad.
B. baroi behtar sokhtani faoliyati jigar ahamiyati kalon dorad. Doruhoe, ki dar tarkibi onho B. mavjud ast, immunitetro baland bardoshta, bahri odamoni solkhurda mufid meboshad. In guna doruhoro dar mavridi bemorii afsurdaruhi niz tain mekunand. Ilova bar in, doruhoi B.-ro dar holathoi zerin niz istifoda burdan nafi ziyod dorad; hangomi az istemoli sharob va mukhaddirot dast kashidan; bo maqsadi raf sokhtani tasiri nomatlubi doruhoi jigar; badi guzashtani tabobati khimiyavi va shuoi. Tabiboni chini baroi peshgirii tasiri nomatlubi kimiyoshifoi ba bemoron istemoli doruhoi B.-ro niz tavsiya menamoyand.
Dukhturoni gomeopat bo mevai pukhta rasidai B. bemorihoi jigar, talkhadon, sipurzro tabobat mekunand. Dukhturoni dermatolog boshand davohoi B.-ro hangomi muolijai amrozi allergii pust, tossari, pesi (vitiligo), psoriaz, shukufai falsii surkh, narrak va g. kor mefarmoyand. B. ravandi dar organizm hosil shudani gistaminhoro furu nishonda, bo hamin aksulamalhoi allergi va sardardro peshgiri menamoyad. B.-ro dar shakli objush, choy, qiyom, khoka kor mefarmoyand.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh priminenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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