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BODINJON

boimjonBODINJON (Solanum melogena), boimjon ziroatest bisyorsola. Poyaash rost, sershokh, to 1 m qad mekashad. Bargu gulash bunafsh; mevaash darozruya, nokmonand, safed, sabz, bunafsh. B.-ro dar sanoati konserv baroi tayyor kardani ikra, inchunin pukhta yo khushkonda istifoda mebarand. Dar tarkibi on moddahoi khushk, qand, safeda, ravgan, vitaminhoi S, V1,V2, V6, karotin (provitamini A), mikroelementho (kalsiy, kaliy, magniy, fosfor, ohan va g.) mavjudand.
B. kholesterini khunro kam karda, bemorihoi jigar, nekrozi raghoro peshgiri menamoyad. Binobar in onro chun gizoi parhezi baroi muolijai ateroskleroz va dardi sangi gurdavu masona tavsiya medihand. B. kori dilro taqviyat mebakhshad, peshobro meronad. Baroi bemorihoi silsilai dilu ragho, dil, gurda, jigar, niqris va kamkhuni mufid ast.
Agar B.-ro bikhurand, medaro quvvat mebakhshad; agar onro bo ravgan bikhurand, dardro muloim mesozad va agar bo sirko bikhurand, darunro mebandad, peshobro meronad, dardhoero, ki sababashon ziyod gashtani garmi boshad, taskin medihad, badbuii kashi ron va zeri bagalro raf menamoyad. CHun B.-ro sukhta, khokistarashro bo sirko khamir karda, ba ozakhho bimoland, onhoro khushk karda merezonad.
Dukhturoni parhezshinos taomhoi az B. tahiyashudaro ba ashkhosi giriftori bemorihoi jigar va gurda tavsiya medihand. Mis va ohani tarkibi B. ba hosil shudani khun musoidat menamoyad, binobar in istemoli on baroi kudakoni kamkhun va zanhoi homila mufid ast. SHirai mevai khom yo pukhtai on khosiyati bakterisidi (fitonsidi) dorad. Istemoli bardavomi B. baroi peshgiri va muolijai ateroskleroz nofe ast. In guna khususiyati purbahoi B. bo rohi tadqiqoti laboratori sobit karda shudaast. Istifodai B. khosa baroi pironsolon mufid meboshad (varami binobar nuqsi dil ba vujud omadaro megardonad). B.-ro baroi muolijai niqris, poliartritho, spondilyozho, spondiloartritho, bemorihoi sangi gurda va sangi talkha niz kor mefarmoyand. B. binobar mangani bisyor doshtan, tasiri insulinro afzun megardonad; ba miqdori ziyod mavjud budani kaliy boshad ba B. khosiyati peshobroni mebakhshad.

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