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BLEFARIT

blrfaritBLEFARIT (Blepfaritis; az yun. blephoron – pilk), gazaki kanori pilki chashm, ki az gizoi pastsifat, kamkhuni, amrozi medayu ruda, bemorihoi dandon va bini, angezishi doimii chashm bo gardu chang, bodu gubor, isloh nashudani nuqsi optikii chashm, mas., durbini va nazdikbini, astigmatizm ba amal meoyad. Hangomi B. kanori pilk surkh va atrofi mija varam karda, bo khilmaki safed yo zard faro girifta meshavad. Mija ba osoni merezad va baraks (ba tarafi chashm) mesabzad. Bemori muzmin buda, yakjoya bo khorish, ehsosi vazninii pilkho, khastagii chashm, rushnoitarsi jarayon megirad.
B. falsi (muqarrari) va zakhmi meshavad. Hangomi B.-i falsi kanori pilk kame varam karda, karakhsh mebandad. CHashm khorishu suzish mekunad, nisbat ba shamol, gardu chang va rushnoi hassos meshavad. Dar mavridi B.-i zakhmi khaltachahoi muy iltihob paydo karda, yarachahoi khurd mebaroyand va khushkida karakhsh mebandand.
Baroi peshgiri va tabobati B. pesh az hama bartaraf namudani sharoiti nomusoidi gigieni dar khona va joi kor, behdoshti organizm, khuroki sergizo, bo yorii aynak bartaraf kardani nuqsi optikii chashmho lozimand. Asnoi illat yoftani pilki chashm ba dukhtur murojiat kardan zarur ast. B.-ro bo doruhoi tavsiyakardai dukhtur khudi bemor yo kheshovandoni u tabobat mekunand. Baroi in bo sarangusht va angushti ishoratii dasti chap pilki chashmro andake poyon kashida, bo dasti rost ba vositai kalamchai shishagin ba kanori pilk marham memoland. Dar baze mavridho hangomi B. mashi pilk, ki onro boyad dukhtur tain va ijro kunad, natijai khub medihad. Tabobati B. baso davomdor buda, az mariz sabru tahammul mekhohad.
Baroi peshgirii B. sarivaqt tabobat namudani bemorihoe, ki boisi on megardand, hamchunin rioyai qoidahoi behdosht: dar khona va joyhoi jamiyati, khususan dar sartaroshkhona, hammom, mashshotakhona va g. ahamiyati kalon dorad.
Ad.: Paradoksov L.F., Meropriyatiya po borbe s glaznoy zabolevaemostyu v Tadjikskoy SSR. Dar maj.: «Zdravookhranenie Tadjikistana», 1939, № 3; Hamon muallif, Kratkiy spravochnik po glaznim boleznyam, Stalinabad, 1943; Barbel I.E., Bolezn kraya vek, M., 1960.

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