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BINI VA UZVHOI MARBUT BA ON- AZOI SHOMMA

Bini yake az panj azoi hissi mo ba shumor meravad. In uzvi shomma meboshad. Dar barobari buyhoi khush, buyhoi nokhush niz mavjud meboshand. Tavri misol, ba yod ored buyi tukhmdon vayronshudaro.

«Qabulkunaki buydo» dar biniyamon chandon kalon nest. Hamagi du maydonchaest, ki masohatash ba andozai tugmai nachandon kalon meboshad. Molekulahoi mavoddoi buynok ba mijadoi hiskunanda dar tamos shuda, signalhoi marbutai asabro, ki ba magzi cap meravand, ba tadrik medarorand. Vale in damagy yak skhema ast. Mekhanizmi shomma danuz to ba okhir omukhta nashudaast.

Baze odamon ba buydo bisyor dassos meboshand va tayi muddati daroz onro faromush karda nametavonand. Tavri misol, charchinsozon va shikorchiyon doroy chunin khosiyat meboshand.

Inson doroy yorirasone oid ba darki buydo meboshad. In sag ast.

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Inson khele vaqt shuda, ki sagro baroyash damchun darkkunandai buydo intikhob kardaast.

Sag doroy nazdik ba million reseptor khoi  khiskunanda meboshad, ki nisbat ba reseptorhoi odam bist marotiba ziyod ast.

Sag jinoyatkorro az ruyi izho meyobad, buyi izi khargushhoro, ki dar alaf boqy guzoshtaast, his mekunad. Parrandaro miyoni darakhton his namuda, rost qaror megirad, mavodhoi mukhaddirro, ki dar lulahoi metally pinhon karda shudaast, paydo mekunad.

Ozodmohi, khirs va khuki vahshy (yoboy) shoyad odami harakat nakarda istodaro paykhas nakunand.

Vale agar shamol buyro baroyashon birasonad, pas onho hamon lahza odamro his mekunand.

Ozodmohy «buyi obi azizash»-ro faromush namekunad, az uqyonus ba majroi khurdakaki daryo va yo yagon nav chashma shino mekunad. Zero ki on dar on do az tukhmiho ba vujud omadaast.

Akulaho az dur buyi kamtarin khuni dar uqyonus mavjudbudaro (yak hissai khun dar madobili sad million hissai ob) his mekunand.

Muddati daroz chunin meshumoridand, ki parrandaho buyhoro his namekunand. Hamaknun malum gardid, ki parrandaho niz bini dorand.

Maynaho az ruyi buy rastanihoe, ki bakteriyaho va kanahoro mekushand, muayyan va onro ba lona mekashonand.

Kargasho buyi losharo khub his mekunand. Buyro ba lulahoi gaz ravon karda, dar on joe, ki kargazho davr mezanand, khorijshavii gazro muayyan mekunand.

Parrandagone misli uqobi bahri, murgi tufon hissi shommai peshrafta do­rand.

Binii karnaymonandi murgi tufon, ki boloi nulash qaror dorad, ba vay imkoniyat, ki to u hanuz dar masofai se kilometr buyi gizoro his kunad. Uqobhoi bahri az buyi donai dom ba masofai sy kilometr parvoz mekunand.

Pursishho

  1. Uzvi shommai mo kadom ast?
  2. CHaro baze az hayvonot buyro khub ehsos mekunand?
  3. Hayvonot va parrandahoero, ki hissi shommaashon bisyor peshrafta ast, muayyan kuned.
  4. Hayvonotero nom bared, ki hissi shommaashon peshrafta meboshad…
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