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BEZARARGARDONII HAVO

ventilyatsiaBEZARARGARDONII HAVO, nest kardani mikroorganizmho va virushoi havoi bino. B. h. dar korkhonahoi sanoati, mas., sanoati khurokvori, dorusozi va mikrobiologi farovon istifoda meshavad.
B. h. dar bemorkhonaho – palatai jarrohi, palatai tavvalud, khonahoi tifloni navzod, shubahoi reanimatsiya va sukhtagon, palatayu boksho baroi bemoroni siroyati, ki angezai onho imkon dorad tavassuti havo pahn gardad (gripp, khunoq, makhmalak, surkhcha, nagzak va g.), dar laboratoriyahoi mikrobiologi va dorukhonaho az jumlai tadbirhoi hatmist. Dar davrai avji bemorihoi siroyati, ki angezandaashon ba tavassuti havo va zarrahoi obi dahon pahn meshavand, B. h. dar binohoi jamiyati niz guzaronda khohad shud.
Baroi B. h. usulhoi fiziki va khimiyaviro istifoda mebarand. Az jumlai usulhoi fiziki baroi B. h. beshtar lampahoi bakterisidiro kor mefarmoyand. Samarai onho ba iqtidori lampa va muddati shuoafkani vobasata ast. Dar mavridi istifodai chunin lampaho ehtiyotkori zarur buda, pust va khususan chashmro (aynaki muhofiza giriftan lozim ast) az tasiri duru daroz va bevositai nurhoi ultrabunafsh muhofizat kardan lozim. Baroi B. h.-i binoho moddahoi khimiyavi (payvasthoi gazmonandi oksidi etilen, formaldegid va g.)-ro niz ba kor mebarand. Dar in mavrid zarur ast, ki odamon az bino berun barovarda shavand. SHakhsone, ki bo B. h. mashguland, boyad vositahoi boetimodi muhofizati uzvhoi nafas, chashm va pust doshta boshand. Moddahoi khimiyaviro beshtar ba sifati aerozol istifoda mekunand. Zarrahoi aerozol dar rui farsh, devor va asbobu anjom furu nishasta, ba afzoishi mikroorganizmho roh namedihand, inchunin ba misli bug ba rogu tarqishho medaroyand. Dar rafti B. h. miqdori ziyodi moddahoi khimiyavi va mahluli onho (β-propiolakton, kislotai peratsetat, peroksidi gidrogen, mahluli 1% – gipokhloridi kalsiy va g.)-ro istifoda mebarand.

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