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BEMORII SANGI TALHA

talhaBEMORII SANGI TALHA (Cholelithiasis), kholelitiaz, kholesistiti kalkulyozi, bemoriest, ki dar natijai iniqodi talkha yo ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho dar talkhadon yo talkharoha sang hosil meshavad. Beshtar dar zanho ba mushohida merasad.
B. tadrijan inkishof meyobad. Bemor chandin sol dar zeri qaburgai tarafi rost vaznini his mekunad, ki bad az istemoli khurok (khususan gushtbiryon, ravgani gusfand yo gov, khurokii duddoda, shur, ochor, sharob) ba vujud omada, dahon va orug talkh meshavad. In alomatho kofist, ki odam boyad ba dukhtur murojiat kunad. Dar in davrai inkishofi bemori dukhtur metavonad ba mariz yorii bosamar rasonad. Parhez va nizomi tagziya (muvofiqi tavsiyai dukhtur) holati bemorro behtar namuda, uro az khuruji bemori raho medihad. Ammo, aksaran, faqat hangomi dar zeri qaburgai tarafi rost sar zadani khuruji dardi sakht (ba nom khalai jigar), ki ba zeri shona va chanbar pahn meshavad, ba dukhtur murojiat mekunand. CHunin khuruji dard beshtar mavridi dar talkhadon vujud doshtani sang avj megirad. Dar in guna holatho jarrohi noguzir ast.
Purkhuri va kamharakati boisi iniqodi talkha gardida, ba paydoishi B. tasiri kalon merasonad. Benizom khurok khurdan, purkhuri, dam kardani shikam va qabziyat boisi iltihob va nosozii harakati talkha va rohi talkha shuda, dar natija avval tagyiroti anatomi, sipas iniqod ba vujud meoyad. Baroi paydoishi B. tamoyuli irsi niz mavqei khos dorad. Dar natijai iniqodi talkha yo ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho miqdori kislotai talkha kam gashta, az tahshini kholesterin va bilirubin (moddai rangbakhshi talkha)-i tarkibi on sang hosil meshavad. Miqdori kislotahoi talkha to andozae ba miqdor va sifati ravgani istemoli vobasta ast. Ba hosil shudani sang chi barziyodi va chi norasoii ravgan (dar voyai khurok) musoidat mekunad.
Baroi bemoron rioyai tavsiyai dukhtur oid ba nizomi istemoli khurok sharti hatmist. Hangomi B. ruze kamash 1 soat dar havoi toza sayrugasht kardan zarur ast. Hurokro ba miqdori kam (ruze 4 – 5 marotiba) boyad khurd. Odam har qadar der-der khurok khurad, talkha dar talkhadon hamon qadar dertar man meshavad. Tarkibi gizo boyad az ravgani zard, ravgani rastani, gusht, mohi va g. iborat boshad. SHakidai sabzavot (lablabu, shalgamcha, turb va g.) baroi rondani talkha khele mufid ast. Istemoli taomi tundu tez, piyoz,shilkha, ispanokh, nushokihoi spirtdor man meboshad. Obhoi mineralii ishqoriro faqat az rui tainoti dukhtur nushidan lozim.
Ad.: Mansurova F.H., Jelchnokamennaya bolezn v Tadjikistane, D., 2004; Mansurov H.H. (va dig.), Metabolicheskiy sindrom s proyavleniem jelchnokamennoy bolezni, D., 2007.

F. H. Mansurova.

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