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BEMORII ADDISON

bemorii-addisonBEMORII ADDISON (Morbus bronsaeus), bemorii birinji, bemoriest, ki dar natijai osebi dutarafai qishri gadudhoi boloi gurda ba vujud meoyad va boisi kam va qat shudani mahsuli gormonho – kortizol, kortikosteron va aldosteron megardad. Gormonhoi mazkur dar tanzimi faoliyati uzvhoi hozima va dilu ragho, mubodilai obu namak va g. ahamiyati kalon dorand. Bemori az nomi dukhturi anglis T. Addison (1793 – 1860), ki s 1849 bori avval onro muayyan karda bud, girifta shudaast. Sababi asosii B. A. (dar 50 – 80 fisadi holatho) sili gadudhoi boloi gurda meboshad. Hunomosi gadudhoi boloi gurda va gazaki fasodnoki onho, omos va g. niz boisi inkishofi B. A. megardand.
B. A. sust inkishof meyobad. Ba on asosan odamoni 20 – 40 sola giriftor meshavand. Alomathoi khosi B. A chuninand: rangi birinji giriftani pust va dar luobpardaho paydo shudani doghoi siyoh, ki natijai jam shudani pigmegnti pust – melanin meboshad. Mariz tez khasta shuda, sarash dard mekunad, fishori khun past, quvvai hofiza sust, kori medayu rudaho vayron (kam shudani ishtiho, sustii mushakho, dilbejoshavi, qay, ishol yo qabziyat) meshavad. Jarayoni bemori, odatan, muzmin ast, vale bazan khele shadid (buhroni addisoni, ki yorii tajilii tibbi shart ast) niz megardad. Baroi peshgirii khuruji bemori tavsiyai dukhturro qati rioya karda, az bemorihoi shadidi siroyati, zahroludi, zarbu lati jismoni ehtiyot shudan lozim. Ba bemoron mehnati sakhti jismoni, inchunin korhoi zurtalabi fikri man ast. Hurok boyad gunogun, sernamak va servitamin (khususan vitamini S, ki dar mevayu sabzavot bisyor ast) boshad. Barobari oshkor shudani bemori marizro hatman dar bemorkhona bistari megardonand. Tabobat pesh az hama ba rafi illati kori gadudhoi boloi gurda vobasta ast (ba miqdori muayyan doruhoi gormoni guzaronida meshavad). In imkon medihad, ki umri bemor nafaqat daroz, balki qobiliyati korii u niz nigoh doshta shavad.

T.R. Qodiri.

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