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BEMORIHOI VIRUSi

virusBEMORIHOI VIRUSi (Morbi virales), guruhi bemorihoe, ki virusho meangezand. Ba B. v. beshtari bemorihoi siroyatii odam mansuband. Nagazk, tabkhol, surkhcha, obakon, gripp, poliomielit, ensefalitho, trakhoma, zardparvin, SPID, khanozir, gepatiti virusi, hori va g. az qabili B. v.-i odam meboshand. Hangomi ba jismi odam roh yoftani virus dar organizm protsesshoi murakkab rukh namuda, boisi bemorii siroyatii shadidu bardavom megardand. Mekhanizmi inkishof va zuhuroti B. v. ba tabiati virus, rohhoi ba organizm vorid gashtan, khususiyati muhofizati tabii va mamoniati organizm (pust, pardai luobi, hujayra va uzvhoi dokhilii on) vobasta ast. B. v. tavassuti havo, khurok, nushoki, gazidani pashshavu kana va g. ham siroyat mekunand. Omili muhimi difoi tabiii hujayra az virus interferon ast, ki muqovamati hujayraro nisbat ba tasiri on afzun megardonad.
S-hoi 50 – 60-umi a. 20 virushoi paragripp, zukomi siroyati, siroyathoi adenovirusi, bronkhiti shadid va g. oshkor karda shudand. Baze bemorihoi rohi nafasro virushoi ruda, ki ayni zamon angezandai sarsom va ikhtiloli medayu ruda niz mahsub meshavand, ba vujud meorand. Bemorihoi hori, oqsil, ensefaliti vogir, tablarzai khunrez ba odam az chorvo, ornitoz va psittakoz boshad, az murgon meguzarand. Davrai nihonii B. v. az 2 – 3 (mas., gripp) to 30 ruz (mas., hori) va beshtar meboshad. Rohi asosii peshgiri az B. v. tashkhisi sarivaqti va dar bemorkhona bistari kunonidani bemor ast. B. v.-ro asosan bo podzahr va davohoi ziddi iltihob muolija mekunand. Antibiotikho ba virus tasir namerasonand. Siroyati baze virusho ba sinnu sol va sust shudani qobiliyati khudmuhofizati organizm (norasoii vitamin, istemoli kortizon, tasiri shuoi rentgeni, zahroludi, khunukkhuri va g.) vobasta ast.

H.N. Pochojonova.

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