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BEMORIHOI TALQINi

bemorii-talkiniBEMORIHOI TALQINi, gumoni bargalati odamest, ki khudro giriftori in yo on kasali meshumorad. B. t. dar natijai khudtalqinkuni va ilqoi shakhsi digar ba vujud meoyand. Ba in qabil bemoriho shakhsoni hamesha dar iztirob, vasvosi va ba hissiyoti khud muntazam diqqatdihanda giriftor meshavand. B. t. beshtar chun tarsu vahm, ki yake az namudhoi holati muzohim meboshad, zohir megardad. Taassuroti hayajonbakhsh az didani bemori vaznine, ki dar tarsu haros ast, khondan yo shunidani naql dar borai bemorii nogahonie, ki boisi margi fojiavi shudaast, nodurust fahmidani sukhanoni dukhtur va khondani adabiyoti ommavii tibbi, ki dar on ba odamoni dilashon nozuk tasiri noguvor rasondani kitob ba nazar girifta nashudaast, odatan sababi B. t. megardand. Dar surati badi muoinai dukhtur tasdiq nashudani bemori, az sharhi dukhtur qone nagashtani mariz va davom kardani holati iztirobu haros hama kushishi mariz ba «haqiqatjui» ravona karda meshavad. u ba dukhturoni digar murojiat mekunad, maslihati mutakhassison va muoinai takroriro talab karda, hatto jarohiro isror menamoyad, rohi khudtabobatro pesh megirad. Dar ayni zamon bemor maqolahoi makhsusi tibbiro khonda gumon mebarad, ki amrozi dar onho zikryofta aynan ba u mansuband. Dar natijai khudtalqinkuni on alomathoe, ki peshtar nabudand, paydo shuda, hissiyoti bemor yak maqomi muayyanro megirad. SHakhsi giriftori B. t. ba bemori haqiqi monand ast. Beparvoii atrofiyon boisi khiragii tab, paridani khob, bad shudani ishtiho va vazi umumi megardad. Haminash bad ast, ki dar in holat faoliyati uzvhoi aslan beillat bilokhir vayron meshavad. B. t. fikru andeshai marizro ba khud purra mute megardonand. Bo hamin tariq, B. t.-i dil, jigar va g. bemorihoi ruhi hisob meyoband, ki onhoro boyad ravonpizishk (psikhiatr) muolija kunad. SHakhsi giriftori B. t. ba munosibatu muomilai makhsusi atrofiyon niyoz dorad. Agar dar ibtidoi bemori az andeshahoi nodurust rahonidanu orom kardani bemor imkonpazir boshad, dertar, dar asnoi afzudani vahmu iztirob va kushishi «haqiqatjui» az aqidaash bargardonidani bemor metavonad tasiri noguvor rasonad. Mariz raftori atrofiyonro zuhuroti beparvoiyu bemuruvvati meshumorad, u yakrav, tundmizoj, giryonchak, khashmgin va damduzd meshavad. Dar in mavrid kheshu tabor boyad ba bemor sharoiti oromro faroham ovarand, hangomi suhbat uro naranjonand; dar mavridi asaboni shudan, muztaribi, bekhobi va past gashtani qobiliyati korii u ba dukhturi amrozi ruhi murojiat kunand.
Bemoron boyad hej goh boisi istehza nagardand. Dar khotir boyad dosht, ki chunin marizon sidqan va dutarafa aziyat mekashand: ham az gami bemorie, ki dar asl vujud nadorad va ham az gami on, ki guyo kase dardi dili onhoro namefahmad va dasti yori daroz namekunad.
Ad.: Gulyamov M.G., Obshaya, vozrastnaya i chastnaya psikhologiya, D., 1997; SHaropova N.M., Aktualnie voprosi psikhiatrii, D., 1997.
N. M. SHarofova.

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