Home / Ilm / BEMORIHOI SIROYATII KuDAKON

BEMORIHOI SIROYATII KuDAKON

infekcionniye-zabolevaniya-deteyBEMORIHOI SIROYATII KuDAKON, yak guruh bemorihoi shadidi siroyatiro guyand, ki beshtar kudakon giriftor meshavand. Angezandai B. tavassuti havo pahn megardad. Ba B. obakon, guluzindonak, surfakabudak, hasba, surkhakon, sarsom, makhmalak, khanozir va g. mansuband. Barangezandai B. bakteriyayu virusho meboshand, ki bemoron yo homiloni bakteriya khorij mekunand. Bemor dar arafa va ruzhoi avvali marizi ba pahnkunandai siroyat tabdil meyobad. Angezandai B. bo qatrahoi obi dahon, luob va balgam hangomi surfa, atsa, guftugu va faryod kardan to ba 1 – 3 m pahn meshavad. Dar havoe, ki chunin qatraho mavjudand, angezandai bemori chand daqiqa va hatto soatho zinda memonad. Angezandai guluzindonak va makhmalak ba tasiri muhit nihoyat tobovar ast. Binobar in siroyat az ashyoe, ki bemor istifoda kardaast (mas., bozicha, zarf, joypush, sachoq, kitob va g.), inchunin az shakhsi seyum, ki avval ba bemor va soni ba kudaki solim saru kor dosht, guzashtanash mumkin. Badi shifo yoftan, dar bemor masuniyati ustuvor boqi memonad. B. nihoyat kam takror meshavand, binobar in onho faqat dar davrai kudaki ba mushohida merasand.
Badi siroyat yoftan, bemori yakbora sar nameshavad. Alomathoi B. aksaran ba digar bemoriho monand meboshand: dardi saru mushakho, gum shudani ishtiho, bemadori va g. (in davra 1 – 2 ruz davom mekunad). Ogozi bemoriro his karda, kudakro zud ba dukhtur nishon dodan lozim ast. Badi 1 – 2 ruz davrai zuhuroti alomatho faro merasad, ki on dar har bemori gunogun ast. Alomati khosi aksar B. tablarza (baland shudani harorat) va dar pustu luobpardaho damidani donachaho meboshad. Hangomi makhmalak va khunoq gulu surkh shuda, halolat paydo mekunad; zimni khanozir boshad, gadudhoi nazdi gush varam mekunand; dar mavridi sarsom alomathoi ikhtiloli sistemai asab (tarang shudani mushakhoi gardan, ki dar natija kudak sarashro kham karda nametavonad, tashannuj va ikhtiloli hush va g.) ba amal meoyand. B. metavonand boisi illati shush, dil, gurda, gush va g. gardand. Binobar in tashkhisi barmahal va sarivaqt muolija kardani bemori khele zarur ast.
Kudaki bemorro boyad durust nigohubin kard. Parpech va joypushi iflosro ivaz va khudi uro ba obi garm shustan zarur ast. Ba bemor tez-tez ob boyad dod. Hangomi khushk shudani labho vazelin memoland; dahoni kudakro bo obi jushida yo choyi khunuk tar kardan lozim. Hususan ba tozagii bini diqqat dodan muhim ast: kudakoni kalon boyad dastruymol doshta boshand; binii kudakoni khurdsolro bo piltai pakhtagini oludai vazelin yo ravgani dogkardai oftobparast toza mekunand. Honai bemorro muntazam shamol doda meistand (dar ruzhoi khunuk ba kudak libosi garm mepushonand); hangomi baze bemoriho (surfakabudak, obakon) pas az faromadani harorati badan dar havoi toza sayrugasht kardani kudakon mufid ast (vale boyad ehtiyot shud, ki kudakoni digar ba onho hamroh nashavand). Huroki kudak boyad sergizo va zudhazm boshad. Binobar in sabzavoti taru toza, meva va gujummeva niz istemol namudan az ahamiyat kholi nest. Hangomi illat yoftani dahon, halq va gulu ba bemor gizohoi obaki medihand. Dar mavridi bisyor B. dezinfeksiya guzaronida nameshavad, zero angezandahoi onho base noustuvorand. Dar in surat havoi khonaro toza va farshro bo lattai tar pok kardan kifoya ast. Hususan kurpa, bistar va kampali bemorro shamol dodan ahamiyati kalon dorad. Hangomi guluzindonak dizenfeksiya meguzaronand. Agar kudakro ba kasalkhona naburda, dar khona bistari kunand, baroi ba digaron siroyat nakardani bemori, tadbirho andeshidan lozim ast. Bo in maqsad bemorro dar khonai alohida khobonda, joi khobi uro ba chodar judo boyad kard; sachoq, zarf, bozichahoi u boyad alohida boshand. Zarfhoi bemorro shusta, dar ob jushondan lozim. Kudakonero, ki bo bemor robita doshtand, az raftan ba muassisahoi kudakon man boyad kard. Baroi peshgirii B. moyaguzaroni ahamiyati kalon dorad.
M. SHarifov

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

USULHOI TAHQIQI ILMI GEOGRAFIYA

Usulhoi tahqiqi ilmi geografiya – Ahamiyati tahqiqoti geografi Hangomi omuzishi hodisahoi tabii, har yak ilm …