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BEMORIHOI RIMNOKI PuST

piodermiyaBEMORIHOI RIMNOKI PuST (Pyodermia), piodermiya, bemorihoe, ki mikrobhoi fasodovar – stafilokokkho va streptokokkho ba vujud meovarand. Mikrobhoi fasodovar dar tabiat khelo bisyorand. Dar pusti odamoni solim qarib doimo stafilokokkho va streptokokkhoro paydo kardan mumkin ast. Onho qodirand dar sharoiti muayyan bemorihoi rimnokro ba vujud ovarand. Ba paydoishi B. iflosii doimi (agar odam dar joi serchang, bo ravganhoi molidani, karasin, benzin va g. kor kunad) va buridanu kharoshidani pust, gazidani hasharot, sarmozani, az had ziyod garm shudani organizm, seraraqi, khastagi, norasoii vitaimnhoi A, S dar gizo, ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho, khususan karbogidratho (mas., dar vaqti diabeti qand), bemorihoi muzmin, rioya nakardani qoidahoi tozagi va g. musoidat mekunand.
Zuhroti B. gunogun ast: dar pust girehhoi maydai fasodnoke, ki baynashon muy dorad (nig. Follikulit) va yo girehhoi kaloni makhrutshakli dardmand (nig. Puchaksori) paydo meshavand; mumkin ast oiblahoi rimnok ba vujud omada, karakhsh bandand (ba istiloh rikhinak, ki beshtar kudakon giriftor meshavand). B. bazan dar shakli reshi dershifoi qarash nohamvor va rimolud jarayon megirad.
Illati pust mumkin ast mahdud boshad va boisi tagyiri vazi umumii bemor nagardad. Hamchunin mumkin ast on gustarish yobad. Dar in hol harorati badan baland gashta, girehhoi limfavii nazdiki illat kalon meshavand, tarkibi khun tagyir meyobad. Dar holathoi vaznin siroyati umumii organizm – ufunat sar mezanad. B. khususan baroi kudakoni shirmak khavfnok ast. Zero pust va organizmi onho ba siroyati stafilokokk va streptokokk nihoyat hassos meboshad. B. dar kudakon bazan boisi orizahoi vaznin – nefrit, pnevmoniya, sarsom va g. megardand.
B. badi chand ruz yo hafta shifo meyoband. Bazan onho goh nest va gohe az nav paydo shuda, mohho va hatto solho davom mekunand. Jarayoni muzminu takroryobandai B. asosan oqibati zafi nerui muhofizai organizm meboshad (sababi on ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho, faoliyati gadudhoi usorai dokhili, suistemoli sharob ast).
Baroi peshgirii bemori rioyai qoidahoi behdoshti shakhsi, nigohubini durusti pust va bartaraf namudani seraraqi ahamiyati kalon dorad. Hangomi kor dar sharoiti chirkin boyad libosi makhsus, dastak va g. pushid. Hatto dar mavridi andake kharosh khurdani pust ham joi osebdidaro bo doruhoi rangi anilini, kabudi metileni, mahluli spirtii yod bezarar megardonand, leykoplastir meguzorand; joyhoi hasharotgazida, kordburida va ustukhoni mohi khalidaro niz bo in mahlulho bezarar kardan lozim ast.
Agar joyi illati surkh shuda, varam va dard kunad, ba dukhtur murojiat boyad kard. Baroi pahn nashudani angezandai B. ba atrofi joi oseb spirti kofur, mahluli spirtii 1%-i kislotai salitsilat yo araq (ba kudakon bo ob omekhta karda) memoland, bandinai khushk meguzorand. Hangomi paydoishi fasod istifodai garmbandi joiz nest, chunki on ba pahn shudani gazak musoidat mekunad.
Ba ashkhosi giriftori B. (khususan ba kudakon) zud-zud giriftani nokhun va har ruz ba badan molidani mahluli spirtii yod, rangi anilini yo kabudi metileni zarur ast. Sachoq va joypushi bemorro bo sodda mejushonand; khonaro rubuchin va havoyashro toza mekunand.
Dar surati jarayoni muzmini B. gizoi tundu tez, shur va shiriniro kam istemol karda, az khurdani konservho khuddori mekunand. Beshtar meva, sabzavot va dig. mahsuloti servitamin istemol boyad kard. Mas., hangomi B.-i muzmin dar fasli zimiston va bahor istemoli khamirturushi pivo ravost, chunki on dar tarkibash vitaminhoi V dorad. Parhezro faqat dukhtur tavsiya mekunad.
Baroi peshgirii B. tasiri omilhoi zararnokro dar korkhonahoi sanoati va kishovrazi raf sokhtan lozim ast. Obutobi organizm, sayru gasht dar havoi toza, vannahoi havoi va oftobi, obbozi, tagziyai khushsifat ahamiyati kalon dorand. Harorati binohoi istiqomati boyad mutadil boshad, khonaho zud-zud shamol doda shavand.
Ba tamosi odamoni kalonsoli giriftori B. bo bachagon (khususan kudakoni shirmak) roh naboyad dod. Baroi peshgirii B.-i tifloni navzod nigohubini durusti pust, hamesha toza budani kudakon va az garmicha ehtiyot kardani onho zarur ast. Kudaki giriftori B.-ro az kudakoni solim judo karda, ba u sachoqu joypushi alohida medihand. Hangomi zuhuri alomathoi avvalini B. dar kudak ba dukhturi bachagon yo dukhturi amrozi pust murojiat kardan lozim.
Ad.: Zoirov P.T., Bemorihoi pust, D., 1999; Hamon muallif, Bolezni koji, D., 2002; Hamon muallif, CHastnaya dermatologiya i venerologiya, D., 2007.

P.T. Zoirov.

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