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BEMORIHOI KuDAKON

bemorii-kudakBEMORIHOI KuDAKON (Morbi infantiles), guruhi bemorihoe, ki beshtar dar kudakon duchor meoyand. Ba har sinni kudak bemorihoi muayyan khos meboshand. Dar davrai navzodi organizmi tifl ba sharoiti navi hayot muvofiq meshavad. Dar in davra faoliyati uzvhoi u noustuvr buda, zud khalal meyobad. Binobar in dar organizmi kudak tagyirote ba amal meoyand, ki sababi onho nojurihoi inkishofi janin dar batn (bemorihoi modar, amrozi irsi va g.) meboshand. Ba siroyati mikrobho hassos budani kudakoni navzod boisi tez-tez ba bemorihoi rimnok, ufunii pust va nof, amrozi shadidi virusi va bakteriyavii rohi nafas giriftor shudani onho megardad. Dar davrai shirkhoragi az sababi ziyod shudani talaboti kudak ba gizo faoliyati uzvhoi hozima, ki hanuz purra takmil nayoftaand, yakbora meafzoyad. Az in ru, kudaki in sinnu sol tez-tez ba bemorihoi azoi hozima (dispepsiya, isholi khunin, distrofiya va g.) giriftor meshavad. Dar hamin sinnu sol bemorihoi iltihobii shush (virusi va bakteriyavi) va rakhit (dar natijai tagziyai nomurattab va narasidani havoi tozayu nuri oftob) niz avj megirand. Dar davrai az 1 to 3-solagi va az 3 to 7-solagi binobar past shudani titri podtanho (nig. Immunitet), ki kudak az modar giriftaast, inchunin bo ziyod gashtani tamosi kudak bo hamsolon va kalonsolon bemorihoi siroyatii shadid (surkhcha, surfakabudak, makhmalak va tarbod) ziyod meshavand, bemorihoi marbut ba allergiya tez-tez sar zada meistand. Dar kudakoni az 7 to 12-sola, gayr az bemorihoi shadidi siroyati, ikhtiloli faoliyati usorai daruni, bemorihoi dil, sistemai asab va g. rukh menamoyand. Dar bachagoni 12 – 17-sola va 15 – 17-sola dar davrai ba balogat rasidani onho imkon dorad anomaliyai uzvhoi jinsi ba vujud oyad; dar in sinnu sol tarbod, asaboniyat, bemorihoi dilu rag beshtar vomekhurand.
Muhofizati janin hangomi homilagi, vaksinatsiya bar ziddi bemorihoi siroyati (sil, guluzindonak, nagzak, surkhcha va g.), mashguliyathoi jismoni, obutobi organizmi kudak va g. baroi peshgirii B. k. ahamiyati kalon dorand.
Nig. niz Bemorihoi siroyatii kudakon.

K.I. Ismoilov.

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