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BEMORIHOI KASBi

professionalnye-bolezniBEMORIHOI KASBi (Morbi professionales), illathoero guyand, ki sirfan yo asosan dar natijai ba organizm tasir rasondani sharoiti nomuvofiqi kor va ziyoni kasbi paydo meshavand. B. k. ba sharoiti ijtimoiyu iqtisodii mehnat, jarayoni tekhnologi va vazi tekhnikii istehsolot vobasta ast.
B. k. dar natijai tasiri omilhoi fiziki, khimiyavi va biologi inkishof meyoband. Mas., hangomi kor dar sharoiti fishori balandi atmosferi va rioya nakardani qoidahoi guzarish az muhiti fishori baland ba mutadil bemorii pastfishori rukh menamoyad. SHavqun va vibratsiyai doimi dar istehsolot aksar vaqt boisi vazninii gush va bemorii navasoni megardad. Dar asnoi muddati daroz furu burdani gardu chang pnevmokonioz yo dig. bemorihoi shush ba vujud meoyand. Dar tamos budan bo moddahoi radioaktiv va zeri tasiri radiatsiyai ionzo bemorii shuoi paydo meshavad. Dar natijai tasiri moddahoi khimiyavi, mas., zahrhoi sanoati (surb, simob, arsen, anilin va hosilahoi on, payvasthoi fosfor, benzin, benzol va g.) organizm zahrolud shuda, B. k. va baze amrozi pust sar mezanand. Moddahoi angezishovar (ravganhoi minerali, qatroni angishtsang va g.) boisi baze bemorihoi pust (qubo, dermatitho) khohand shud. SHakhsone, ki bo bemoron yo ashyoi siroyatyofta, inchunin bo hayvoni kasal sarukor dorand, ba bemorihoi siroyati (brutsellyoz, sukhtani) giriftor meshavand.
Takmili tekhnologiya, avtomatonii istehsolot, tashkili ilman asosnoki mehnat va istirohat, muqarrar namudani ruzi kutohi kor dar istehsoloti zararnok, gizoi shifoi (nahorii garm, shir yo digar mahsuloti shiri, vitaminho), istifodai asbobhoi havotozakuni va g. boisi kohish yoftani B. k. megardand. Dar surati rioya kardani tadbirhoi peshgiri va tekhnikai bekhatarii kor B. k. ruy namedihand.

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