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BEMORIHOI CHASHMi

bolezni-glazBEMORIHOI CHASHM (Morbi oculorum), bemorihoi uzvhoi chashm (pilk, azoi ashk, kosai chashm). Bemorihoi umumi (tarbod, sil, sifilis, varaja, brutsellyoz va g.), ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho, bemorihoi sistemai asab va rag, avitaminoz va g. mumkin ast sababi B. ch. shavand. Az tasiroti nomusoidi muhit beshtar tasiri mekhaniki (zarbu lat), khimiyavi (kislotaho, ishqorho) va fiziki (garmi, rushnoi, afkanishoti radioaktiv) boisi B. ch. megardad. Inhirofi refraksiyai chashm, ikhtiloli faoliyati bosira – nazdikbini, durbini va astigmatizm niz ba B. ch. taalluq dorand. Baze B. ch., mas., glaukoma, osebhoi vaznini chashm, kuchidani turparda, atrofiyai asabi bosira, trakhoma va g. metavonand boisi nobinoi gardand. B. ch.-ro sohai makhsusi ilmi tib – oftalmologiya meomuzad.

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