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BEMORIHOI ASAB

bemorihoi-asabBEMORIHOI ASAB (Neuroses, neuropathia), majmui bemorihoe, ki dar sistemai asab ba mushohida merasand. Alomathoi zohirii B. a. vayron shudani funksiyai tahrik (falaj, shal shudani dastu po, ragkashi, laqva) va faoliyati asabho, az kor mondani yake az uzvhoi hissiyot, ikhtiloli integratsiya va g. meboshand. B. a. hangomi ikhtiloli tarkibi moddavi va faoliyati sistemai asab yo illati qismhoi alohidai on sar mezanand. B. a. ba du guruh taqsim meshavand: bemorihoi organiki va bemorihoi funksionali (vazoifi).
Bemorihoi organikii asab dar natijai tasiri ziyonovari bakteriyahoyu virusho, moddahoi zahrnok, obu havo, kijjaho va kirmi meda, lat khurdani asabho va g. ba vujud meoyand. Onho metavonand irsi niz shavand. Bemorihoi organikii irsii asab hangomi illati tukhmai mard yo zan rukh menamoyand.
Bemorihoi vazoifii asab khususiyati subektivi doshta, asosan dar natijai tasiri manfii zindagiyu ruzgor paydo meshavand. Qismi ziyodi chunin bemoriho mansubi nevrozho – nevrasteniya (khastashavii asab), psikhosteniya (khastashavii ruhi) va isteriya (gashyon) meboshand.
Sistemai asab du nav – markazi va kanori meshavad. Az in nuqtai nazar bemorihoi onro niz ba bemorihoi sistemai asabi markazi va bemorihoi sistemai asabi kanori judo mekunand. Ziyoda az 1200 B. a. va taqr. 3000 simptomu sindromi onho malumand.
B. a.-ro az rui sabab va zuhurot ba guruhhoi zerin taqsim mekunand: bemorihoi iltihobi – gazaki pardai mayna (sarsom), magzi sar (ensefalitho), harommagz (mielit), maynacha (serebelit), reshachahoi asab (radikulit), asabhoi kanori (nevrit, polinevrit); bemorihoi omosi – omosi pardahoi mayna (meningioma), omosi raghoi khuni mayna (angioma, gemangioma), omosi magzi sar va harommagz (glioma, ependimoma), omosi asabhoi kanori (nevrinoma); bemorihoi khunrezi – khunshorii maynaparda, magzi sar va medachahoi on, harommagz, ishemiyai mayna, anevrizma; bemorihoi tanazzulovar (miopatiya, miotoniya va g.). Ba gayr az guruhhoi nombarshuda, guruhhoi digari B. a. niz mavjudand, ki tagyiroti ruhiro ba amal meorand (nig. Bemorihoi ruhi). B. a.-ro nevropatologiya meomuzad.
Ad.: Puladov A.M. (va dig.), Propedevtika nervnikh bolezney, D., 1971; Hamon muallif, Nervnie bolezni, D., 1990; Hamon muallif, Asabshinosi, D., 1998; Rajabaliev SH.F., Nevralnaya amiotrofiya SHarko-Mari-Tuts, D., 2003.
SH.F. Rajabaliev.

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