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BEMORHONA

bemorkhonaBEMORHONA (Nosocomium), shifokhona, bemoriston, muassisaest baroi muolijai bemoroni bistari. B.-e, ki ba hayati on darmongoh (poliklinika) dokhil meshavad (B.-i muttahid), muassisai tabobati va profilaktiki buda, ba aholi yorii tibbii gunogun va makhsus merasonad. B.-ho chand navand: jumhuriyavi, viloyati, mintaqavi, shahri va nohiyavi. B.-ho umumi (iborat az chand shubai gunogun) va makhsus (B.-hoi kasalihoi sil, siroyati, ruhi, chashm va g.) meshavand. B.-hoi kudakona ham du navand: umumi va makhsus. B.-i yorii tibbii tajili statsionari va gayristatsionari meshavad. Agar B. dar zaminai maktabi olii tibbi yo pajuhishgoh amal kunad, onro B.-i kliniki menomand. B.-hoe niz mavjudand, ki ba mardum muvofiqi kasb khizmat merasonand (B.-i kormandoni rohi ohan, militsiya va g.)
B. az shubahoi qabulgoh (dar in jo dukhtur bemorro muoina karda, hujjati tibbi medihad, tadbirhoi sanitariyu gigieni meguzaronad), muolija (jarrohi, terapevti va g.), tashkhisu tabobat (rentgenologi, fizioterapevti), laboratoriyaho, dorukhona, oshkhona, khonai libosshui va g. iborat ast. Hayati khizmatrason va dukhturoni B. ba miqdori kat vobasta meboshad.
Ba B. bemoronero ravon mekunand, ki onho ba muoina va muolijai muttasili tibbi muhtojand. Ba bemor rohkhat (baroi tabobati statsionari)-ro dukhturi darmongoh va dar holati tajili dukhturi yorii tajili medihad. SHifoi mariz dar B. nafaqat ba imkoniyathoi tibbi, balki ba khudi u va kheshu taborash niz vobasta ast. Raftori durust, kayfiyati khush, bovari ba muolija, ijro kardani tamomi guftahoi dukhtur, rioyai parhez, inchunin itoat ba rejimi B. sharti muhimi tabobati bosamar ast.
Dar qalamravi hozirai Tojikiston avvalin B. (doroi 40 kat) s. 1913 ba istifoda doda shudaast. Dar on 13 naf. dukhtur va 32 naf. kormandi miyonai tibbi faoliyat doshtand. Az khizmati B. asosan amaldoron,harbiyon va mansabdoroni podshoh bahra meburdand. Badi tashkil yoftani JSHS Toj. hifzi tandurusti ru ba peshravi nihod. S. 1929 dar jumhuri 22 B. faoliyat mekard (dar onho 990 kat guzoshta shuda bud). Badi dar poytakht tashkil karda shudani In-ti davlatii tibbii Tojikiston (s. 1939) va tarbiya yoftani mutakhassisoni mahalli adadi B.-hoi jumhuri afzud. S. 1940 dar jumhuri 121 B.-i doroi 4490 kat vujud dosht. S. 1984 dar DDTT ba nomi Abuali ibni Sino ziyoda az 600 naf. dukhturon tayyor karda shudand. In imkon dod, ki shabakai B.-hoi jumhuri besh az pesh vase gardad. Onho beshtar makhsusonida, bo asbobu anjomhoi zaruri va dastgohhoi zamonavi tajhizonida meshudand. S. 1984 dar 319 B.-i doroi 42790 kat 10818 naf. dukhturon faoliyat doshtand. Baze B. baroi tabobati bemorihoi judogona makhsus gardonida shudand, mas., B.-i amrozi pust, B.-i kasalihoi chashm, B.-i amrozi pust, B.-i kasalihoi chashm, B.-i bemorii sil va g.
Badi ba dast ovardani istiqloliyati davlati dar Jumhurii Tojikiston bisyor B.-ho bo tajhizoti zamonavi va dastgohhoi kompyuteri mujahhaz gashtand. Ayni hol dar jumhuri 132 B.-i dehoti, 61 B.-i nohiyavi va 24 B.-i shahri faoliyat dorad (yanv. 2010). Baze B.-ho ba markazhoi tibbi tabdil doda shudaand.

B.SH. Gadoev.

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