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BEHOBi

bessonnicaBEHOBi (Asomnia), bedorkhobi, kamkhobi, har guna benizomii khobi shabona (naburdani khob, caharkhezi, zud-zud bedor shudan va g.). Noustuvori va vayron shudani khob sababhoi gunogun dorad. Hobi baze odamon az kudaki noustuvor ast. B. az amrozi sistemai asab va lat khurdani magzi sar niz ibtido yofta metavonad. B. inchunin nishonai hatmii yak qator bemorihost (mas., nevroz, mayzadagi). Bo koru mashguliyati tulonii shabona majburan vayron kardani stereotipi khob, joi nav, asaboniyati davomi ruz (yak sababi nochiz ham shakhsi khobash noustuvorro bedorkhob mekunad) va baze bemoriho niz metavonand boisi B. shavand. Nizomi khobu bedorkhobii odamoni miyonsol va solkhurda tez-tez tagiyr meyobad. Hobi onho nisbat ba davrai javoni kutohmuddat va sathi buda, ba khususiyati fiziologii organizmi in sinnu sol vobasta ast. Azbaski B. sababhoi gunogun dorad, tarzi mutadil gardonidani khob niz khele gunogun meboshad. Bo in maqsad dorui khobro dar navbati okhir (dar holati iloji digar namondan) istemol boyad kard. Agar sababhoi B. taassuroti nokhush, khastagi, ikhtiloli stereotipi ganab (bedorkhobii vazoifi) boshand, khob bo mururi zamon khud ba khud barqaror meshavad. Baroi in dar vaqti muayyan va sharoiti muqarrari khob raftan lozim; inchunin azoi badanro garm, mushakhoro sust (garm budani kafi poy khele muhim ast) va fikru khayolro ba lahzahoi khushi umr ravona kardan khele muhim meboshad.
Iztirobi doimii «oyo khobam meburda boshad yo ne» hayajoni ruhiro quvvat doda, ba mustaqilona barqaror shudani khob mone meshavad. Agar tavsiyahoi mazkur rioya shavand, B.-i az tashvishu khastagi sarzada dar 2 – 3 shaboruz bartaraf megardad. Ba odame, ki az yagon holati mushkil ba tang omada khudro az dast dodaast, sayru gashti pesh az khob, istemoli choyi shirin (shiru asal), jushobi reshai nardsunbul va bargi dulona naf dorad. Pesh az khob 8 – 10 daqiqa qabul namudani obzani garm (360 – 380) foidabakhsh ast.
Ijroi in tavsiyaho B.-i vazoifiro raf mekunad. Agar B. bartaraf nashavad, ba dukhtur murojiat kardan zarur ast. Faqat dukhtur metavonad alomatu sababi kadom bemori budani B.-ro muayyan namuda, tabobat farmoyad. CHunki baroi ba nizom darovardani khob pesh az hama bemorii asosiro tabobat kardan lozim ast. Hudmuolija bo doruho khele khavfnok meboshad; istifodai nodurusti doruhoi khobovar oqibati nokhush yo vaznin doshta (beholi, khiratabi, ikhtiloli hofiza va tafakkur, sustii mushakho, gum kardani qobiliyati harakti choloku daqiq), bazan boisi ba dorui khobovar odat kardan va nashamandi megardad.
A. Isomiddinov.

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