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BEHISSOZII MAVZEi

blokadaBEHISSOZII MAVZEi, behissozii juzi, bo rohi suni furu nishondani ehsosi dard. Ba B. m. dar natijai inhisor (blokada)-i sistemai asabi kanori noil gashtan mumkin ast. B. m. baroi bedard guzarondani jarrohihoi gunogun, bandinaguzori va tashkhisi bemoriho imkoniyati musoid faroham meorad. B. m.-ro beshtar dar amaliyai ambulatori kor mefarmoyand.
CHand rohi B. m. mavjud ast: khunuk kardani pust; ba luobpardaho molidani mahluli doruhoi karakhtgardon; ba bofta va javfi badan firistodani doruhoi behissozanda va g.
Hangomi buridani dumbalho qablan pustro khunuk menamoyand. Bo in maqsad ba sathi pust khloridi etil poshida meshavad. Behisgardonii luobpardaho dar amaliyai otorinolaringologiya istifoda megardad. Baroi bedard gardondani qarniya va konyunktiva doruro bevosita ba chashm mechakonand.
Behisgardonii juzie, ki onro dar natijai ba boftaho va javfi badan firistodani doruhoi rafi dard amali mesozand, irtishohi (infiltratsiyavi), intiqoli va harommagzi meshavad. Behisgardonii infiltratsiyavi tavassuti doru (novokain, trimekain) qabat ba qabat karakht sokhtani boftahoro dar nazar dorad. Makhsusan behissozii infiltratsiyavii Vishnevskiy mamul ast (onro bo novokain amali megardonand). Ba behisgardonii intiqoli metavon bo rohi bevosita ba shafati asab firistodani novokain noil gasht. Dar natija hissi dard dar mavzee, ki asabi mazkur joy giriftaast, barham mekhurad. Behisgardonii intiqoli du nav – dokhilivaridi va dokhiliustukhoni meshavad. Usulhoi mazkur dar mavridi amaliyoti jarrohi dar dastu poyho istifoda megardand.
Behisgardonii harommagziro asosan zimni jarrohii uzvhoi kosi khurd, javfi shikam, inchunin poyho kor mefarmoyand.
Bemor, odatan, B. m.-ro khub pasi sar mekunad. Orizahoi amaliyot faqat dar surati istifodai voyai ziyodi doru yo sahvan ba majroi khun firistodani on ba vujud meoyand. Baroi organizm badpazir budani doru niz metavonad boisi sar zadani orizahoi gunogun shavad (mas., allergiya). Orizai khavfnoki B. m. anafilaksiya ast.
Q.N. Nosirov.

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