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BEHDOSHTI SANITARII HOK

pesokBEHDOSHTI SANITARII HOK, majmui tadbirhoi qonunbarori, tashkili va sanitariyu tekhnikiest, ki bo maqsadi peshgirii iflos gashtani khok andeshida meshavand. Akhlot, sargin, poru va pasob dar surati nodurust bezarar kardan (nig. Assenizatsiya, Bezarargardonii partovho), mepusand va az khok ba manbai tamini ob guzashta, ba inkishofi angezandahoi amrozi medayu ruda, gelmintho va hasharot (angezandai kasalihoi odam va hayvonot) musoidat mekunand. Ba khoki iflos magas, khomushakho, gurmagasho tukhm meguzorand, dar on khoyandaho maskun shuda, bemorihoi siroyati (toun va tulyaremiya)-ro pahn mekunand. Botloqzorho baroi afzoishi pashshai varaja muhiti musoid meboshand. Makhsusan istifoda va nigahdorii nodurusti nurihoi minerali va pestisidho (nig. Zahrhoi kishovarzi) baroi iflos gashtani khok khavfi kalon dorand.
Behdoshti khok qismi asosii baronomahoi kompleksi roje ba halli masoili behdoshti sanitarii havoi atmosfera, havzahoi ob, behtar kardani tamini ob, kanalizatsiya va toza namudani mahalhoi aholinishin meboshad. Nisbat ba B. makhsusan dar hududi mavzehoi muhofizati sanitari, manbai mutamarkazi tamini ob, kurortho, mintaqai istirohati ommavii aholi, muassisahoi solimgardonii bachagon, sanatoriyaho va g. talabot kalon ast.
Hok ba tufayli qobiliyati poloish doshtan pok meshavad. Vale agar khok nihoyat iflos gashta boshad, pas dar rafti poloish ravandi pusish ba amal omada, on tamoman toza shuda nametavonad. Darajai iflosii khokro kormandoni bungohhoi sanitariyu epidemiologi bo rohi tahqiqi khimiyavi, bakteriologi va gelmintologi muqarrar mekunand.
Mutobiqi Kodeksi jinoyatii JT (moddai 228, Harob kardani zamin) zahrolud yo iflos kardani khok bo mavodi ziyonovari kishovarzi, vayron namudani qoidahoi munosibat bo doruhoi zahrnok, poru, angezahoi rushdi rastani va dig. mavodi khatarnoki khimiyaviyu biologi, ki dar natija ba khok zarari jiddi rasonda meshavad, qonunshikani mahsub yofta, baroi on jazohoi gunogun muqarrar karda shudaast. Nig. niz Hifzi muhiti zist.

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