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BEHATARII SEYSMIKI – QONUNI JT

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON DAR BORAI BEHATARII SEYSMIKI

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 2017, № 5, q. 1, mod. 273)

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi tashkili, huquqi, iqtisodi va ijtimoii tamini bekhatarii seysmikiro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad.

BOBI 1. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

scenar-quake

– zaminjunbi – takoni zerizamini va junbishi sathi zamin, ki dar natijai joyivazkunii nogahoni va kafidaho (tarqish, rogho) bo bavujudoii ravandhoi tektoniki dar qishr yo qismi boloii zamin ba vujud meoyad va ba masofai ziyod (dur) harakat mekunad;

– zaminjunbii shadid – zaminjunbie, ki shiddatnokiash az rui jadvali seysmikii 12 balla ziyoda az 5,0 ball meboshad;

– rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbi – majmui korhoi bartarafsozi, sadamaviyu najotdihi va digar korhoi badi ba vuqu omadani zaminjunbi guzaronidashuda, ki ba najoti odamon, kam namudani andozai zarar va talafi molu mulk ravona karda shudaand;

– peshguii ehtimolii zaminjunbi – muayyan yo daqiq namudani joy, vaqt va magnitudai zaminjunbii ehtimoli;

– muhofizati seysmiki – majmui chorabinihoi huquqi, ijtimoi, talimi, tashkili, ilmi, muhandisiyu tekhniki va digar chorabinihoi makhsuse, ki baroi tamin namudani bekhatarii seysmiki ravona karda shudaand;

– bekhatarii seysmiki – muhofizati hayoti odamon, infrasokhtorho, obekthoi khojagii khalq va muhiti zist az khatarhoi dar natijai zaminjunbi bavuquomada;

– nohiyabandii seysmiki – muayyan namudani manbahoi zaminjunbi bo ehtimoliyati magnitudai maksimali dar asosi majmui malumoti geologi, seysmologi va geofiziki;

– khatari seysmiki – ehtimoliyati tasiri zaminjunbi bo buzurgii muayyan dar nuqtai mushakhkhas dar jarayoni fosilai vaqti muqarrarshuda;

– khavfi seysmiki – ehtimoliyati talafot az zaminjunbi dar fosilai vaqti muayyan bo nazardoshti khatari seysmiki va osebpazirii obektho (miqdori ehtimolii talafoti odamon, zarari iqtisodi, ekologi);

– tobovari ba zaminjunbi – qobiliyati tobovarii binoho va inshoot ba zaminjunbi, tamini bekhatarii hayoti odamon va beoseb nigoh doshtani tajhizoti arzishnok hangomi ba vuqu omadani zaminjunbi;

– sistemai ogohkunii peshaki oid ba zaminjunbi – muttahidsozii tashkiliyu tekhnikii quvvaho va vositahoi makhsusi ogohkuni, sistemai aloqa, inchunin vositahoi shabakahoi aloqai hududi, idorahoi taminkunandai tahvili bongi khatar va malumotdihi oid ba zaminjunbi;

– holati ehtimolii zaminjunbi – bahodihii peshguii oqibathoi zaminjunbi bo tahiyai naqshai amal oid ba rafi on.

 

Moddai 2. Asoshoi tamin namudani bekhatarii seysmiki

  1. Loihakashi, sokhtmon, tajdid va tamiri asosii obektho bo rioyai meyorho va qoidahoi sokhtmoni bo istifodai mavodhoi sokhtmoni va konstruksiyahoi taminkunandai hisobkunii ba zaminjunbi tobovarii obektho guzaronda meshavad.
  2. Hangomi az nav ba shakli muayyan darovardan, tarhsozi va tajdidi binoho va inshooti ba zaminjunbi noustuvori mavjudbuda, baroi tamini bekhatarii seysmiki, korho az rui mustahkamkunii konstruksiyahoi borbardor guzaronida meshavand. Dar in holat tagyirdihii konstruktivi vobasta az sharoiti tamini ba zaminjunbi tobovarii binoho va inshoot, dar asosi natijahoi sanjish bo tartibi muqarrargardida qabul karda meshavad. Binohoi kuhnasokht, ba gayr az yodgorihoi tarikhi, farhangi, shahrsozi va memori, ki tajdid va tamiri onho gayriimkon ast, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston vayron karda meshavand.
  3. Tamini bekhatarii seysmikii binoho va inshoot bo rioyai meyorho va qoidahoi sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovari amalkunanda, inchunin sharthoi tekhniki, naqshai rushdi hududi va naqshahoi generali ijro karda meshavad.
  4. Poygohhoi muhandisi-seysmometri dar obekthoi makhsusan muhim, ki ruykhati onhoro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunad, baroi nazorati raftori in obektho hangomi zaminjunbi boyad nasb karda shavand.

 

Moddai 3. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai bekhatarii seysmiki

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai bekhatarii seysmiki ba Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, iborat meboshad.

 

Moddai 4. Maqsad va prinsiphoi bekhatarii seysmiki

  1. Maqsadi asosii bekhatarii seysmiki az inho iboratand:

– peshburdi siyosati davlati doir ba bekhatarii seysmiki az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki;

– tamin namudani afzaliyati prinsiphoi omodagi, ogohkunii peshaki va rafi oqibatho dar siyosati davlati va baynalmilali oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki;

– afzaliyati barobari hamai unsurhoi pastkunandai khavfi seysmiki;

– jalb namudani maqomoti davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot, jomeai shahrvandi jihati amali namudani barnomahoi davlati va baynidavlati oid ba past kardani khavfi seysmiki;

– jalb namudani tashkilothoi baynalmilali ba amalishavii barnomahoi davlati oid ba past namudani khavfi seysmiki.

  1. Tamini bekhatarii seysmiki dar asosi prinsiphoi zerin ijro karda meshavand:

– halli majmuii vazifaho oid ba past namudani khavf baroi hayot va molu mulki shahrvandon az zaminjunbi;

– az jihati ilmi asosnok namudani hambastagii tarz va usulhoi muhandisiyu tekhniki, tashkiliyu iqtisodi oid ba past namudani khavf;

– chorabinihoi havasmandgardoni oid ba baland bardoshtani tobovarii binoho va inshoot ba zaminjunbi va etimodnokii faoliyati onho hangomi zaminjunbiho;

– tamin namudani sharoit baroi sugurtakunii ikhtiyorii hayot va molu mulki shakhsoni voqei va huquqi novobasta az shakli tashkiliyu huquqiashon az zaminjunbi;

– tanzimi davlati va nazorat az boloi faoliyati shakhsoni voqei va huquqi oid ba tamini bekhatarii seysmiki;

– shinosnomadihii imoratho bo maqsadi muayyan namudani tobovarii onho ba zaminjunbi, osebpazirii binoho va inshoot ba tasiri seysmiki va muqarrar kardani nizomi istifodabari;

– ekspertizai davlati va mustaqil, ilmi, hujjatguzorii loihavi va asosnokkunii iqtisodii faoliyati shakhsoni voqei va huquqi oid ba tamini ba zaminjunbi tobovarii binoho, inshoot va kompleksho;

– guzaronidani chorabiniho oid ba tamini etimodnokii ba zaminjunbi tobovarii imorathoi mavjuda.

 

Moddai 5. Vazifahoi tanzimi davlatii bekhatarii seysmiki

Vazifahoi tanzimi davlatii bekhatarii seysmiki inhoyand:

– hifzi hayoti odamon, binoho va inshoot, nizomi tamini hayot hangomi zaminjunbi;

– az tarafi maqomoti davlati ijro kardani chorabiniho oid ba past namudani khatar baroi hayot va molu mulki shahrvandon az zaminjunbi.

 

Moddai 6. Peshguii ehtimolii zaminjunbi, bahodihii khatari seysmiki va ogohkunii peshakii aholi oid ba zaminjunbi

Peshguii ehtimolii zaminjunbi, bahodihii khatari seysmiki, ogohkunii peshakii aholi oid ba zaminjunbi bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston amali  karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 7. Obekthoi faoliyat oid ba tamini bekhatarii seysmiki

Obekthoi faoliyat oid ba tamini bekhatarii seysmiki az nuqtai nazari bahodihi va past namudani khavfi seysmiki inhoyand:

– hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– vohidhoi mamuriyu hududii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– mahalhoi aholinishini Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– majmaahoi davlati, mudofiavi, sanoati, agrosanoati, energetiki, ilmiyu tekhniki, inshooti gidrotekhniki, majmaahoi tandurusti va maorif;

– binoho, inshoot, yodgorihoi gayrimanquli tarikhi va farhangi;

– nizomi rohhoi muhandisi-naqliyoti, lulahoi gazi, khati obkashoni va taminoti barqi.

 

Moddai 8. Tasnifi obekthoi faoliyat oid ba tamini bekhatarii seysmiki

  1. Obekthoi faoliyat oid ba tamini bekhatarii seysmiki az rui ahamiyat chunin tasnifot meshavand:

– ahamiyati umumidoshta;

– muhim;

– makhsusan muhim.

  1. Fehristi obekthoi faoliyat oid ba tamini bekhatarii seysmikiro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunad.

 

BOBI 2. IDORAKUNII DAVLATII BEHATARII SEYSMIKI

 

Moddai 9. Salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki

Ba salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki mansuband:

– peshburdi siyosati davlati oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki;

– tasdiq namudani barnomahoi davlati oid ba past kardani khavfi seysmiki;

– muayyan namudani maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai bekhatarii seysmiki;

– muqarrar namudani tartibi dodani ijozatnomaho baroi kor jihati tamini bekhatarii seysmiki;

– amali namudani salohiyati digari peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

 

Moddai 10. Vakolathoi maqomi vakolatdori davlati oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki

Maqomi vakolatdori davlati oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki (minbad – maqomi vakolatdori davlati):

– samthoi asosii siyosati davlatiro oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki tahiya menamoyad:

– korhoi guzaronidashavandaro dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba bahodihii khatari seysmiki va khavfi seysmiki hamohang mesozad;

– kharitahoi bahodihii khatarhoi seysmikiro baroi hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq menamoyad;

– peshguii imkonpazirii zaminjunbii shadidro dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston va dar masofai khatarnoki az hududi jumhuri joydoshta tasdiq menamoyad;

– dar bahodihii osebpazirii favrii binoho va inshoot bo maqsadi past kardani khatari seysmiki dar mintaqahoi doroi khatari balandi seysmiki ishtirok menamoyad;

– barnomahoi davlatiro oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki tahiya menamoyad;

– tavsiyahoro baroi omodasozi va omuzishi aholi oid ba raftor dar vaqti zaminjunbiho tahiya menamoyad;

– barnomahoi ilmiyu tekhnikiro dar sohai sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovar va istifodai bekhatari binoho va inshoot tahiya menamoyad;

– darajai khavf va zararro az zaminjunbii ehtimoli muayyan menamoyad;

– korhoro oid ba guzaronidani monitoringi muhandisiyu seysmometri tashkil va nazorat menamoyad;

– tahqiq va bahodihii tobovarii seysmikii bino va inshoot, makhzani malumotho jihati  osebpazirii bino va inshootro zeri tasiroti seysmiki tashkil menamoyad;

– nazorati istehsoli masolehi sokhtmon, mahsulot va konstruksiyahoro amali menamoyad;

– hamohangsozii korkardi ilmiro dar sohai sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovar amali menamoyad;

– vakolathoi digari peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikistonro amali menamoyad.

 

Moddai 11. Vakolathoi maqomoti digari davlati oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki

  1. Maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai holathoi favquloda:

– faoliyati tashkilothoro dar tatbiqi nizomi yagonai davlati oid ba peshgiri va rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbi hamohang mesozad;

– naqshai chorabiniho oid ba hifzi aholi va hududro az zaminjunbi tahiya menamoyad;

– jamovari va mubodilai ittiloot oid ba hifzi aholi, hudud va ittilootonii jomearo dar borai khatari seysmiki ijro menamoyad;

– zakhirahoi moddivu moliyavi, mablagguzoriro baroi peshgiri va raf namudani oqibathoi zaminjunbi tamin menamoyad;

– naqshai favrii vokunishro oid ba zaminjunbihoi ehtimoli tahiya menamoyad;

– omodagii doimii quvvahoi sadamaviyu najotdihi va tajhizot (az jumla sokhtorhoi vokunishi favri), sokhtorhoi makhsus baroi guzaronidani korhoi najotdihi va digar amaliyothoi favqulodaro dar mintaqahoi epimarkazii zaminjunbi tashkil menamoyad;

– bo tashkilothoi digar oid ba muayyan namudani samthoi afzaliyatnok va guzaronidani tadqiqot va korhoi loihakashi vobasta ba omodagi ba zaminjunbihoi ehtimoli hamkori menamoyad;

– baroi korkardhoi nav oid ba tamini bekhatarii seysmiki musoidat menamoyad;

– korhoi sadamaviyu najotdihi va digar korhoi takhirnopazirro hangomi  guzaronidani chorabiniho oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki tashkil va amali menamoyad;

– yakjoya bo tashkilothoi manfiatdor holathoi ehtimolii zaminjunbihoro dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston tahiya menamoyad;

– miqyos va mintaqahoi pahnshavii oqibathoi zaminjunbiro muayyan menamoyad.

  1. Maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai maorif va ilm:

– dar muvofiqa bo muassisahoi makhsusgardonidashuda dar sohai sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovar barnomahoi idoraviro tahiya menamoyad;

– korhoro jihati tashakkuli barnomahoi maqsadnok oid ba tahiya va nashri dasturhoi talimi baroi muassisahoi talimi oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki, omuzish va raftori aholi hangomi zaminjunbii ehtimoli tashkil menamoyad;

– tahiyai barnomai  ilmiyu tadqiqoti oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki va tatbiqi onro tamin menamoyad;

– faoliyati muassisahoi talimiro, sarfi nazar az tobeiyati idoravii onho oid ba tayyor namudani mutakhassison baroi barnomahoi talimii kasbi bo maqsadi tamini bekhatarii seysmiki hamohang mesozad;

– nomgui adabiyoti talimi va metodiro baroi muassisahoi talimi oid ba tamin namudani bekhatarii seysmiki omoda menamoyad;

– kitobkhonaho va muassisahoi talimiro bo ittilooti ilmiyu tekhniki oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki tamin menamoyad;

– nizomi yagonai talimiro oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki baroi muassisahoi talimi tashkil menamoyad;

– tayyor va bozomuzii kadrhoro oid ba seysmologiyai muhandisi va sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovar tamin menamoyad.

 

Moddai 12. Vakolathoi maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki

Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki:

– korhoro oid ba past kardani khavfi seysmiki va omoda namudani aholi ba zaminjunbii shadid dar hududi dakhldor tashkil menamoyad;

– jihati tatbiqi barnomahoi davlati oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki dar hududi dakhldor musoidat menamoyad;

– vakolathoi digari muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikistonro amali menamoyad.

 

Moddai 13. Vazifahoi muassisahoi makhsusgardonidashudai davlati

  1. Muassisai makhsusgardonidashudai davlati oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki:

– tadqiqothoi ilmi, mushohidaho, nazorati vaz, peshgui va ogohkuni oid ba khavfi seysmiki meguzaronad;

– monitoringi seysmikii doimi, mushohidahoi geofiziki, gidrodinamikiro dar poygohhoi statsionari va sayyor amali menamoyad;

– makhzani malumotho oid ba mushohidahoi zaminjunbihoi dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba vujudomadaro peshgui va onhoro tashkil medihad;

– dar holati rukh dodani zaminjunbii shadid bo junbishi sathi zamin bo shiddatnokii 5 ball va ziyoda az on mutobiqi jadvali seysmikii 12 balla dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston, tadqiqothoi makroseysmikiro dar mintaqahoi epimarkazi bo maqsadi bahodihii deformatsiyai sathi zamin, darajai vayronshavii binoyu inshoot meguzaronad;

– peshgui va bahodihii khavfi seysmiki, kharitahoi khavfi seysmikii hududi Jumhurii Tojikistonro tahiya namuda, barnomahoi davlatiro oid ba khatari seysmiki amali menamoyad;

– bahodihii ozmoishii khavfi seysmikii hududi Jumhurii Tojikistonro meguzaronad, az usulhoi muosiri peshguii zaminjunbiho, ehtimoliyati oqibathoi ijtimoiyu iqtisodi va usulhoi ogohkunii onho istifoda mebarad;

– nizomi muosiri ogohkunii peshakii aholiro oid ba khavfi zaminjunbiho tahiya menamoyad.

  1. Muassisai makhsusgardonidashudai davlati dar sohai sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovar:

– barnomahoi davlatiro dar sohai sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovar va khavfi seysmiki tibqi farmoishi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston ijro menamoyad;

– dar bahodihii favrii osebpazirii binoyu inshoot bo maqsadi kohish dodani khavfi seysmiki ishtirok mekunad;

– bahodihii ekspertii sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovar va khavfi seysmikiro meguzaronad;

– bo tartibi muqarrargardida korhoro oid ba omuzishi qoidahoi sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovarro ba aholi meguzaronad;

– nizomi muhofizati seysmikii binoyu inshootro jihati tobovar budani onho ba zaminjunbi, inchunin sanadhoi meyorii huquqiro dar sohai sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovar tahiya menamoyad.

 

Moddai 14. Tashkili khadamoti sadamaviyu najotdihi

Tashkili khadamoti sadamaviyu najotdihi mutobiqi tartibi peshbininamudai sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 15. Ijozatnomadihii faoliyat oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki

Ijozatnomadihii faoliyat oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ijozatnomadihi ba baze namudhoi faoliyat» amali karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 3.  BAHODIHII HATARI SEYSMIKI

 

Moddai 16. Bahodihii khatari seysmiki

  1. Bahodihii khatari seysmiki hisobkunii shiddatnokii junbishi seysmikiro dar sathi zamin bo ehtimoliyati zohirshavii on dar bar megirad.
  2. Tibqi natijai bahodihii khatari seysmiki kharitahoi khatari seysmikii hududho bo nishon dodani shiddatnokii junbishi seysmiki tartib doda meshavand.
  3. Haritahoi khatari seysmiki baroi tahiyai meyorhoi ba loihagirii sokhtmonhoi ba zaminjunbi tobovar, naqshai istifodabarii zamin va joygirkunii aholii kishvar asos meboshand.
  4. Hangomi sokhtmoni shahrho va mahalhoi digari aholinishin, loihabandii obekthoi ahamiyati umumidoshta, muhim va makhsusan muhim kharitahoi seysmiki (kharitahoi seysmikii mikronohiyabandi) bo nazardoshti nishon dodani tarkibi khokhoi mahalho tartib doda meshavand.

 

Moddai 17. Peshguii zaminjunbi

  1. Bo maqsadi peshguii zaminjunbi dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston, guzaronidani mushohidaho, jamovari, intiqol va tahlili malumoti seysmiki, az tarafi maqomi vakolatdori davlati shabakai yagonai davlati tashkil karda meshavad.
  2. SHabaka az poygohhoi mushohidavii seysmikii milli va baynalmilali iborat buda, ba shabakai umumijahoni hamroh karda meshavad. Mushohidahoi shabonaruzii bisyorjanbai (bisyorparametrii) seysmiki bevosita dar poygohhoi seysmiki guzaronida shuda, natijahoi badastomada ba maqomi vakolatdori davlati, Markazi jamovari va korkardi malumoti seysmiki rasonida meshavand. Pas az guzaronidani tahlili daqiqi eksperti, ittilooti mazkur, az tarafi maqomi vakolatdori davlati ba vazoratu idorahoi dakhldor peshnihod karda meshavand.
  3. Bo maqsadi tamin namudani ittilooti etimodnok oid ba hodisahoi tabii va osebnopazirii mushohidaho dar atrofi poygohhoi mushohidavi tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston mintaqai muhofizati tashkil karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 4.  BAHODIHI VA PAST KARDANI HAVFI SEYSMIKI

 

Moddai 18. Bahodihii khavfi seysmiki

  1. Peshbinii imkonpaziri talafoti joni, moddi va talafoti digar, ki bar asari zaminjunbii shadid rukh medihad, bahodihii khavfi seysmiki ba hisob meravad.
  2. Tibqi natijai bahodihii khavfi seysmiki mutobiqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai maqomi vakolatdori davlati kharitahoi gunogunmiqyosi khavfi seymiki tartib doda tasdiq karda meshavand, ki onho hamchun asos baroi barnomaho oid ba past namudani oqibathoi ehtimolii zaminjunbi (khavfi iqtisodi) istifoda meshavand.

 

Moddai 19. Vazifahoi asosii past kardani khavfi seysmiki

  1. Vazifahoi asosii past kardani khavfi seysmiki inhoyand:

– past kardani osebpazirii hudud va inshoot;

– baland bardoshtani ogohoni va omodagii aholi;

– omoda namudani maqomoti davlati va maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot baroi idorakunii khavfi seysmiki;

– tashkil namudani nizomi ogohkunii peshakii aholi oid ba zaminjunbi;

– omodagii tibbi;

– taqviyat dodani quvvahoi zudamal;

– barqaror namudani mintaqahoi az zaminjunbii shadid zarardida va ofiyati aholi.

  1. Past namudani khavfi seysmiki mutobiqi barnomahoi kompleksii davlati oid ba past kardani khavfi seysmiki amali karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 20. Tartibi rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbi

  1. Rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbi marhila ba marhila, mutobiqi barnomahoi davlati amali karda meshavad.
  2. Barnomahoi davlatii rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbi az tarafi maqomoti dakhldori davlati bo jalb namudani muassisahoi ilmiyu tahqiqotii makhsusgardonidashuda, idorahoi dakhldor, mutakhassisoni sohai seysmologiya va sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovar, maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot tahiya gardida, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq karda meshavand.
  3. Barnomahoi davlatii rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbi dar asosi tahlili holathoi ehtimolii zaminjunbi, malumot oid ba ehtimoliyati zarari rasonidashuda az tasiri zaminjunbi tahiya gardida, barqarorkunii bonavbati binoyu inshooti osebdidaro muqarrar menamoyad.
  4. Rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbi ba tavri zerin amali gardonida meshavad:

– guzaronidani korhoi najotdihi va peshgiriyu sadamavi;

– guzaronidani muoinai favri va daqiqi inshooti shahrho va mahalhoi digari aholinishine, ki az zaminjunbi zarar didaand;

– muayyan namudani zarari bevosita az zaminjunbi rasida;

– mutobiqi natijai muoina muayyan namudani binoyu inshoote, ki boyad vayron, barqaror yo mustahkam karda shavand, bo tahiya namudani loihahoi barqarorsozi va mustahkamkuni;

– bunyodi sokhtmonhoi nav, barqaror va mustahkamkunii bino va inshooti az zaminjunbi zarardida, guzaronidani aznavsozii naqshavii sokhtmon, bo nazardoshti oqibathoi zaminjunbi.

 

Moddai 21. CHorabiniho oid ba bahodihii zarar az zaminjunbi

  1. Bahodihii zarari moddi az zaminjunbiho bo rohi tashkil namudani sitodi zudamal oid ba muayyan namudani zarar bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad. Sitodi zudamal oid ba muayyan namudani zarar az tarafi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tashkil karda meshavad.
  2. Dar mintaqahoe, ki az ofati tabii zarar didaand, bo qarori yakjoyai sitodi zudamal va maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati komissiyaho oid ba muayyan namudani zarari rasonidashuda tashkil karda meshavand.
  3. Ba hayati komissiyaho namoyandagoni maqomi vakolatdori davlati oid ba memori va sokhtmon, oid ba holathoi favquloda, maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati, kormandoni tashkilothoi sugurta, moliya va mutakhassisoni tashkilothoi loihakashi, ilmiyu tadqiqoti oid ba sokhtmoni ba zaminjunbi tobovar shomil karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 22. Mablagguzorii chorabiniho oid ba barqarorkunii obekthoi zarardida

  1. Mablagguzorii chorabiniho oid ba barqarorkunii obekthoi zarardida az hisobi mablaghoi bujethoi davlati va mahalli, inchunin manbahoe, ki ba qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston mukholifat namekunand, tamin karda meshavad.
  2. Jubroni zarari ba molu mulki sugurtashuda rasonidashuda, az tarafi tashkilothoi sugurtavi tibqi shartnomahoi sugurta pardokht karda meshavand.
  3. Mablagguzorii chorabiniho oid ba barqarorkunii binoho va inshoot, ki ba ruykhati yodgorihoi tarikhiyu farhangi, vorid karda shudaand, az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 5. HUQUQ VA UHDADORIHOI SHAHSONI VOQEI VA HUQUQI

OID BA TAMINI BEHATARII SEYSMIKI

 

Moddai 23. Huquqhoi shakhsoni voqei va huquqi oid ba tamini bekhatarii seysmiki

  1. SHakhsoni voqei, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat mekunand, huquqhoi khudro baroi hayot, hifzi salomati va molikiyat bo rohhoi zerin amali menamoyand:

– dastrasi ittilooti purra va daqiq oid ba sathi khatari seysmiki baroi hududi dakhldor;

– dastrasii malumot oid ba qoida va meyori raftor hangomi zaminjunbi va omodagi ba on;

  1. SHakhsoni huquqi huquq dorand:

– mutakhassisonro dar holati zaruri baroi ba kormandon omuzonidani tarzhoi himoya va amaliyot hangomi zaminjunbi jalb namoyand;

– mutobiqi tartibi muqarrargardida oid ba tahdid yo rukh dodani zaminjunbi bad az giriftani ittiloi rasmi kormandonro sari vaqt ogoh va khabardor namoyand;

– dar holati zaruri sokhtmoni inshooti muhandisii muhofizati va nigohdorii onhoro dar holati omodagi, sari vaqt mablagguzori namoyand.

  1. SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi jubroni zarari az zaminjunbi rasida, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston huquq dorand.

 

Moddai 24. Uhdadorihoi shakhsoni voqei oid ba tamini bekhatarii seysmiki

SHakhsoni voqei, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston istiqomat mekunand, uhdadorand:

– talaboti sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikistonro dar borai bekhatarii seysmiki rioya namoyand;

– oid ba omodagii peshaki ba zaminjunbiho bo maqsadi hifzi hayot, salomati va molikiyat chorajui namoyand;

– ba shahrvandoni muhtoj dar vaqti zaminjunbiho yori rasonand;

– talaboti qonunii kormandoni davlatiro hangomi ijroi uhdadorihoi mansabiashon dar omodagi ba zaminjunbiho va rafi oqibathoi on ijro namoyand.

 

Moddai 25. Uhdadorihoi shakhsoni huquqi oid ba tamini bekhatarii seysmiki

SHakhsoni huquqie, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston faoliyat mekunand, uhdadorand:

– ittilootro ba maqomi vakolatdori davlati doir ba guzaronidani chorabinihoi bekhatarii seysmiki peshnihod namoyand;

– chorahoi zaruriro oid ba hifzi kormandon va obekthoi tayinoti istehsoli va ijtimoi az zaminjunbi ba naqsha girand, mablagguzori namoyand va amali sozand;

– omuzishi kormandonro oid ba usulhoi hifz va raftor dar holathoi favquloda hangomi tasiri seysmiki ba roh monand;

– nizomi ogohkuniro dar mahalho tashkil doda, dar holati omodagi nigoh dorand, kormandonro oid ba tahdidi ehtimoli yo rukh dodani zaminjunbi sari vaqt ogoh namoyand;

– ustuvorii faoliyati obektho va kormandonro hangomi zaminjunbiho tamin namoyand;

– mutobiqi tartibi muqarrargardida manbahoi moddi va zakhirahoi moliyaviro baroi tamini bekhatarii seysmiki tashkil namoyand;

– baroi guzaronidani korhoi sadamaviyu najotdihi dar obekthoi tobei muassisa mutobiqi naqshahoi ogohkuni va rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbi musoidat namoyand;

– mutobiqi tartibi muqarrargardida chorabiniho oid ba takhliya va omodagii peshakiro vobasta ba joygirkunii odamon dar hududi korkhonaho amali namoyand;

– talaboti sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikistonro dar borai bekhatarii seysmiki rioya namoyand.

 

BOBI 6.  HAMKORIHOI BAYNALMILALI

OID BA BEHATARII SEYSMIKI

 

Moddai 26. Hamkorihoi baynalmilali oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki

Jumhurii Tojikiston dar hamkorihoi baynalmilali oid ba bekhatarii seysmiki bo nazardoshti prinsiphoi zerin ishtirok menamoyad:

– peshnihod namudani ittiloot ba davlathoi hamsarhad oid ba peshgirii zaminjunbihoi shadid va rafi oqibathoi onho;

– kumaki baynihamdigarii davlatho dar rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbiho;

– halli bahshoi bamiyonomada dar doirai meyorhoi huquqi baynalmilali.

 

Moddai 27. Faoliyati tashkilotho va shahrvandoni khoriji jihati ogohkunii peshaki va rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbiho

Faoliyati tashkilotho va shahrvandoni khoriji jihati ogohkunii peshaki va rafi oqibathoi zaminjunbiho dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba roh monda meshavad.

 

BOBI 7. MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

 

Moddai 28. Javobgari baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 29. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                   Emomali  RAHMON

 

sh. Dushanbe

30 mayi soli 2017

№ 1416

 

 

 

QARORI

Majlisi namoyandagoni

Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston

Oid ba qabul kardani Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai bekhatarii seysmiki»

 

Mutobiqi moddai 60 Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror mekunad:

Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai bekhatarii seysmiki» qabul karda shavad.

 

Raisi Majlisi namoyandagoni

Majlisi Olii

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                                 SH. ZUHUROV

 

sh. Dushanbe,

22 fevrali soli 2017, № 706

 

 

QARORI

Majlisi millii

Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston

Oid ba Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai bekhatarii seysmiki»

 

Majlisi millii Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai bekhatarii seysmiki»-ro barrasi namuda, qaror mekunad:

Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai bekhatarii seysmiki» jonibdori karda shavad.

 

Raisi Majlisi millii

Majlisi Olii

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                        M. UBAYDULLOEV

 

sh. Dushanbe,

18 mayi soli 2017,  № 385

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