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BEDARDGARDONi

bedardgardoniBEDARDGARDONi (Analgesia, anaesthesia), analgeziya, bartaraf yo peshgiri kardani hissi dardest, ki hangomi jarrohi, zarbu lat, baze bemoriho va amaliyoti muolijaviyu tashkhisi paydo meshavad. Usulhoi B. du guruhand: umumi yo narkoz va juzi.
Kashfi B. komyobii buzurg buda, boisi peshrafti ilmi jarrohi gasht. Az davrahoi qadim tabibon kushish mekardand, ki hangomi illat yoftan va jarrohi az B. istifoda barand. Baroi in ba joe, ki boyad jarrohi meshud, yakh memondand yo mayro istifoda meburdand. Faqat bad az kashfi narkoz (s. 1846) imkoniyati B.-i mukammal paydo shud. Vale narkozi peshtara jihathoi manfi ham dosht, yane on yak andoza khavfnok ham bud. Mahz baroi hamin rohhoi gunoguni B.-i juziro ba kor meburdand. Dar inkishofi B. olimi namoyoni rus A.V. Vishnevskiy, ki usulhoi oddii B.-i juzi (anesteziyai juzi)-ro peshnihod kardaast, sahmi kalon dorad. Vobasta ba khususiyati jarrohi B.-ro bo tarzi gunogun meguzaronand. Mas., hangomi jarrohi dar guzai chashm bo maqsadi B. ba chashm mahluli kokain yo dikain mechakonand; baroi jarrohii sabuktar, mas., dar javfi bini yo halqu dimog peshaki ba pardahoi luobii on jo hamin mahlulhoro memoland. Bazan baroi B.-i qismi muayyani badan mavodi rafi dard (beshtar novokain)-ro bevosita ba hamon joe, ki asab meguzarad, tazriq mekunand. CHunin usuli B.-ro beshtar dar stomatologiya (mas., dandonkani), jarrohii angusht va g. istifoda mebarand. Beshtar karakhtsozii juzii infiltrativi (irtishohi) mamul ast. Baroi in mahluli novokainro bo suzan firistoda, boftahoro behis mesozand. In usuli B. hatto baroi guzarondani jarrohii vaznin ham imkon medihad. Dar vaqti ba naychai harommagz tarziq namudani dorui rafi dard, vay ba asabhoi harommagz tasir merasonad. CHunin usuli B. anesteziyai harommagz nom dorad. Daryofti usulhoi navu bekhatari narkoz imkon medihad, ki B.-i juzi kam istifoda shavad. Vale bo vujudi in hangomi amaliyoti jarrohii khurd va kutohmuddat, hamchunin dar asnoi ba bemor ziyon doshtani narkoz, B.-i juziro farovon kor mefarmoyand. Ba takmili minbadai usulhoi B. anesteziologiya mashgul ast.

M.Q. Gulov.

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