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BEDARDGARDONII ZODAN

bedardgardonii-zodanBEDARDGARDONII ZODAN, majmui tadbirhoi peshgiri va muolijavi, ki bahri bartaraf sokhtan yo kam kardani ehsosi dard hangomi tavallud andeshida meshavand. Dar vaqti zoimon nugi bisyor asabhoi hassos – retseptorho, ki dar bachadon (rahim) va bandakhoi on mavjudand, angezish meyoband. Dar in hangom retseptorhoi boftahoi qari kos va uzvhoi tanosuli beruni niz angekhta meshavand.
Zimni tavallud bisyor zanho dard mekashand. Darajai zuhuroti dard gunogun buda, ba holati sistemai asabhoi markazi, khususiyathoi fardii zan va munosibati u ba tavallud vobastagi dorad. Dard hamesha alomati muvofiqi talab jarayon giriftani tavallud nest. Dar baze holatho zan bo andak dardi sabuk yo umuman dard nakashidan niz tavallud mekunad. Dardi sakht va bardavom ba sistemai asab va organizmi zan tasiri nomatlub merasonad. Bisyor vaqt dar natijai raf sokhtani dard zan be dushvori tavallud mekunad. Binobar in B. z. nafaqat az nigohi shafqat, balki az lihozi tabobati niz ahamiyati kalon dorad.
Bo maqsadi B. z. az usulhoi omodagii psikhoprofilaktiki va dorushifoi istifoda mebarand. Gayr az in dar baze holatho elektroanalgeziya va suzanshifoiro niz kor mefarmoyand. Mohiyati omodagii psikhoprofilaktiki az on iborat ast, ki ba zan qoidahoi raftor hangomi tavallud, munosibat ba zoimon hamchun amali fiziologi, hatmi nabudani dard va g. talqin karda meshavand. Dukhturoni mashvartgohi zanho boyad az ruzu haftahoi avvali homilagi ehsosi tarsro az dili zan dur sozand.
Taqr. 4 – 5 hafta qabl az tavallud bo zanho mashguliyathoi makhsus meguzaronand. Dar mashguliyati avval oid ba sokhti anatomii uzvhoi tanosuli zan, tagyirote, ki binobar homilagi dar organizm rukh menamoyand, dard kashidani zan va g. malumot doda meshavad. Hangomi mashguliyati duyum ba zan mefahmonand, ki u boyad dar vaqti khuruji dardi zodan chi guna raftor kunad, chi kor kunad, ki dard taskin yobad, kadom harakathoro ijro namoyad. Dar mavridi mashguliyati seyum ba zan tarzi chi guna nafas giriftan va zur zadan hangomi tavallud omuzonda meshavad. Dar mashguliyati chorum zani homilaro bo tartibi khobondan dar tavalludkhona va tariqi muoinai homilagon shinos megardonand. Zan boyad hamai farmudahoi dukhturro dar khona takror namoyad.
Dar mavridi B. z. tavassuti doruho ehsosi dard kam yo nest meshavad. Doru boyad ba organizmi zan va tifl tasiri nomatlub narasonad, jarayoni zodanro sabuk gardonad, zanro behush nakunad. Bo maqsadi B. z. doruhoro badi 5 – 6 sm boz shudani gardanai bachadon istifoda mebarand. Navi doru va tarzi istifodai onro dukhtur muayyan mekunad.

M.F. Dodkhoeva.

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