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BAROTERAPIYA

baroterapiyaBAROTERAPIYA (Barotherapia; az yun. baros – vaznini, garoni va terapiya), bo maqsadi muolija istifoda burdani fishori baland yo pasti atmosfera. Baroi B. tajhizoti makhsus – barokamerahoi havonoguzar istifoda megardand. Onho tavassuti nasos havo, oksigen va g.-ro ba darun mekashand yo berun mebarorand. Barokameraho hajmu andozai gunogun doshta, baroi fishori baland yo past peshbini shudaand.
Bo maqsadi B.-i umumi ba barokamera yak yo chand nafar bemorro joygir karda, dar on fishori past yo balandi oksigen, havo yo dig. omekhtai gazi oksigendorro ba vujud meorand. B.-i umumi bo fishori balandi havo asosan baroi muolijai illati kessonii gavvoson istifoda meshavad. B.-i umumi bo fishori pasti havo baroi muolijai sulfakabutak, ziqi nafas va dig. amroze, ki bo dushvorii nafaskashi vobastaand, tavsiya shudaast.
Baroi tabobati bemorii gipertoniya (dar ibtidoi kasali), kamkhunii dil va baze bemorihoi azoi hozima B.-i umumiro dar biatron (inshooti makhsuse, ki dar on fishori atmosferi, harorat, rutubati havo, miqdori oksigen ba tavri avtomati tanzim meshavad) meguzaronand. Bemoronro dar biatron ba muddati daroz (to 14 – 20 ruz) joygir mekunand. Ba onho ravon kardani khurok va robita bo muhit tavassuti shlyuz va dastgohi guftugu amali megardad.
YAke az shaklhoi B.-i umumi oksigenshifoi zeri tasiri fishori baland ast. Dar mavridi baze bemoriho hangomi fishori muqarrarii atmosfera oksigenro nafas giriftani mariz norasoii onro dar organizm bartaraf namesozad. Zero tahti fishori atmosferi oksigen dar plazmai khun nagz hal nameshavad va gemoglobin (noqili oksigen) az uhdai payvastani on chandon namebaroyad.
Dar asnoi baland budani fishori oksigen (2 – 3 atm) tasiri juzii on dar shush meafzoyad. Dar natija muvofiqi qonuni Genri oksigen dar plazmai khun nagz hal shuda, boftahoi organizmro purra tamin mekunad. CHunin usuli B.-i umumi «oksigennokshavii giperbari» nom giriftaast. S. 1975 dar Moskva dar Markazi ilmii jarrohi tahti rohbarii akad. B.V. Petrovskiy majmai barokamerahoi tibbi ba istifoda doda shudand, ki dar asosi onho Markazi oksigennokshavii giperbari tashkil yoft. Dar markaz se bloki barokameraho (jarrohi, muoiljavi va tadqiqoti) amal mekunand.
Dar bloki jarrohi zeri fishori 2 – 3 atm jarrohihoi khele khatarnok (mas., jarrohii nuqsi modarzod va gayrimodarzodi dil), hamchunin sabuk (hangomi bemorii vaznini odamoni kamquvvati solkhurda) – ro meguzaronand, ba zanhoi homila, ki giriftori nuqsi diland, yori merasonand. Dar bloki muolijavii barokamera bemoroni giriftori illathoi gunoguni muzmin – endarteriiti musaddid, kamkhunii dil, zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta, kamkhunii shabakai chashm va g. zero fishori balandi oksigen tabobat meyoband. Dar kamerai tadqiqoti muolija va reanimatsiyai ashkhose, ki ba bemorii dilu ragho, illati nafaskashi, norasoii oksigen dar mayna va g. giriftorand, guzaronida meshavad. Baroi tabobati suddai havoi, ki bazan hangomi jarrohi dar mayna paydo meshavad, istifoda burdani fishori baland (6 – 7 atm) natijai dilkhoh medihad.
Samarai oksigennokshavii giperbari dar mavridi tabobati siroyati anaerobi niz nazarras ast. Zero az oksigen purra tamin shudani boftaho ba angezahoi siroyati anaerobi (mas., gangrena) tasiri halokatbor merasonad (onho dar sharoiti be oksigen meafzoyand). CHunin tarzi muolija imkon medihad, ki favt az siroyati anaerobi kam gashta, dar baze mavridho dastu poi illatyofta burida nashavand.
Lozim yo nolozim budani B.-ro faqat dukhtur muayyan mekunad.

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