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BARNOMAI RUSHDI ROHNAMOII KASBI DAR JUMHURII TOJIKISTON  BAROI SOLHOI 2016-2020

Bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 30 dekabri soli 2015, № 794 tasdiq shudaast

  1. Muqaddima
  1. Barnomai rushdi rohnamoii kasbi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi solhoi 2016-2020 (minbad – Barnoma) dar asosi moddai 7 Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai durnamohoi davlati, konsepsiyaho, strategiyaho va barnomahoi rushdi ijtimoiyu iqtisodii Jumhurii Tojikiston”, moddai 13 Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai musoidat ba shugli aholi”, qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 2 oktyabri soli 2010, № 499 “Dar borai Konsepsiyai rahnamoii kasbii khonandagon dar Jumhurii Tojikiston”, qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 1 avgusti soli 2008, № 373 “Dar borai Qoidahoi tashkili nizomi tayyorii kasbi, takmili ikhtisos va bozomuzii shahrvandoni bekor” tahiya gardidaast.
  2. Barnoma mohiyatan ijtimoi buda, hamchun juzi judonopaziri Strategiyai baland bardoshtani sathi nekuahvolii mardumi Tojikiston dar tatbiqi siyosati ijtimoii davlat naqshi muhim dorad va amali gashtani on baroi baland bardoshtani sathi zindagii aholi va past namudani sathi kambizoati, taqsimoti mehnat, rohandozii faoliyati mehnatii bosamari odamon dar tanosubhoi muayyan bayni sohahoi gunoguni istehsoloti moddi va manavi dar jumhuri musoidat menamoyad.
  3. Barnoma tajassumgari iqdomi payvastai davlatu Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar samti tamini kafolathoi ijtimoii davlatii shahrvandon, barobarii bayni mehnati fikri va jismoni, sanoati va kishovarzi, tajriba va malakai istehsoli, donishi umuminazariyavi va makhsus, kasbintikhobkunii javonon, malakayu sifathoi shakhsii odamon va rushdi zakhirahoi mehnati meboshad.
  4. Barnoma chorabinihoro oid ba tamini kafolati ijtimoi dar intikhobi ozodi kasb, shakli mashguliyat va rohhoi khudamalisozii shakhsiyat, muvozinati bayni shavqu havas va kasbi intikhobkardai shakhsiyat khususiyathoi psikhofiziologii on va imkoniyathoi bozori mehnat, qanoatmandii shakhsiyat az mehnat va noilshavi ba maqomi shakhsii ijtimoi, amalisozii nerui fardi, tashakkuli tarzi hayoti solim va nekuahvolii arzanda dar bar megirad.
  5. Barnoma dar asosi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, arzishhoi milliyu bashari, ehyoi darki khudshinosii tarikhi, huvviyat va ananahoi milli, dastovardhoi ilmiyu tekhniki va gayra tahiya shudaast, On imkoniyat medihad, ki islohoti sistemai rohnamoii kasbi va kafolati davlatii huquqi shahrvandon ba intikhobi kasb tamin gardad. Tavassuti in Barnoma rohnamoii kasbii shahrvandon novobasta az mansubiyati milli, najodi, irqi, dini, qavmi, jinsi, zaboni, siyosi, ijtimoi, tahsil va molu mulk tamin megardad.

2. Vazi kununii soha

  1. Munosibathoi jamiyati va rushdi nizomi davlatii rohnamoii kasbi yake az ravandhoi asosii taraqqiyoti davlat ba hisob rafta, on tamomi qalamravi jumhuriro dar bar megirad va ba javonon imkoniyati gunoguni khizmatrasoniro oid ba rohnamoii kasbi, tahiyai zaminahoi meyorii huquqi, tayyor namudan, bozomuzi va takmili ikhtisosi mutakhassisonro tamin menamoyad.
  2. Imruz dar dunyo besh az 40 hazor namudi kasb mavjud ast. Barobari taraqqiyoti bosurati ilmu tekhnika, iqtisodi bozargoni, talaboti bozori – mehnat va peshravii jomea 500 namudi kasb az bayn rafta, hamzamon ziyoda az on kasbhoi navu javobgui talaboti davru zamon ba miyon meoyand. Oyo javononi imruza kasbro az rui khohish va qobiliyati khesh intikhob mekunand.
  3. Holo na tanho mardon, balki zanon iiz dar justujui kor va daryofti rizqu ruzi ba kishvarhoi duru nazdik rafta, ba korhoi vaznini kammuzd mashgul meshavand va dar on jo sharoithoi nomusoidi zindagi dorand. Tahqiqot nishon medihad, ki yake az sababhoi asosii chunin vaziyat dar bozori mehnat va umuman dar sohai hifzi ijtimoi past budani sathi donish, sohibi kasbu ikhtisos nabudani shahrvandon, hamzamon ba iqtidori purra faoliyat nadoshtani korkhonahoi istehsoli meboshad.
  4. Intikhobi kasb hanuz az ovoni maktabkhoni ogoz meyobad. Az in ru, omuzgor boyad maylu khohish, qobiliyat va shavqu havasi khonandagonro ba inobat girifta, dar qalbi onho nisbati kasbi dustdoshtaashon mehru muhabbatro bedor sozad. Bo in maqsad dar hamai muassisahoi tomaktabiyu talimi gushahoi intikhobi kasb bo unvoni “Hamai kasbho khuband”, “Kasbi man – iftikhori man”, “Ki shudan mekhohi,” va gayraho tashkil shuda, vokhurivu suhbatho bo namoyandagoni sohahoi gunogun

guzaronida meshavad. Mutaassifona, in chorabiniho muvofiqi maqsad ba roh monda nashudaand. Masalan, dar aksariyati muassisahoi talimii shahru nohiyaho hangomi suhbat bo khonandagoni sinfhoi boloi malum shud, ki ba masalai kasbintikhobkunii maktabbachagon sathi munosibat mekunand. Honandaro az rui kasbi intikhobnamudaash omoda namesozand va ba u baroi tavajjuh namudan ba kadom raviyai muayyan jiddan tavsiya namedihand. Makhsusan jihati malumotnokii shogirdon dar borai dar kujo va chi guna kasb omuzonidan, az jonibi rohbaroni in maktabho kumak rasonida nameshavad.

  1. Az tahlilu tahqiqoti guzaronidashuda barmeoyad, ki masalahoi ba shugl jalb kardani bekoron, tarbiya namudani kadrhoi takhassusi dar samti rohnamoi kasbi ba takmil niyoz dorand. Zero peshravii ilmu tekhiika, rushdi bemayloni munosibathoi iqtisodi bozargoni tarzu usulhoi navi korbarii javobgu ba talabothoi bozori mehnatro talab mekunad.
  2. SHavqu havas va ragbat nadoshtan hangomi intikhobi kasb boisi on megardad, ki javonon az rui kasbi sahvanu tavakkali intikhobkardaashon faoliyat kardan namekhohandu ba kor dilgarmi nadorand va oqibat korashon samar namedihad. Makhsusan yak chizro takid boyad kard, ki kasb az hunar farq dorad. Ravonshinoson muayyan kardaand, ki dar intikhobi kasb javonon ba chunin khatogiho roh medihand: intikhobi kasb bo tasiri padaru modar; intikhobi kasb bo tasiri rafiqon; az jihati zohiri intikhob kardani kasb va bemaqsad intikhob kardani kasb.
  3. Dar in samt volidayn boyad naqshi muhimro bozand. Onho imkoniyatu qobiliyati farzandro ba inobat girifta, dar hamkorii zich bo omuzgoronu ravonshinoson ba onho dar intikhobi durusti kasb kumak rasonandu maslihat dihand.

3. Maqsad va vazifahoi asosii Barnoma

  1. Rohnamoii kasbi bo maqsadhoi zerin amali karda meshavad:

– tamini kafolati ijtimoi dar intikhobi ozodi kasb, shakli mashguliyat va rohhoi khudamalisozii shakhsiyat dar sharoiti munosibathoi bozori;

– noil gashtan ba muvozinati bayni shavqu havas va kasbi intikhobkardai shakhsiyat, khususiyathoi psikhofiziologii on va imkoniyathoi bozori mehnat;

– peshbinii dastovardhoi kasbii kormandon dar in yo on sohahoi faoliyati mehnati;

– musoidat ba inkishofi bemayloni sathi omodagii mahorati kasbii shakhsiyat hamchun omili (sharti) muhimtarini qanoatmandii u az mehnat va noilshavi ba maqomi shakhsii ijtimoi, amalisozii nerui fardi, tashakkuli tarzi hayoti solim va nekuahvolii arzanda.

  1. Tashakkuli rohnamoii kasbi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi solhoi 2016-2020 tibqi tatbiqi vazifahoi zerin amali karda meshavad:

– guzaronidani mashvarati kasbi va mashvarati ravoni, tahqiqoti sotsiologi va ravoni tibqi talaboti bozori mehnat ba hama namudhoi kasb va ikhtisoshoi korgari;

– bo jalbi korshinosoni vataniyu khoriji tahiyai naqshayu pursishnomahoi navi mashvarati mutobiqi meyorhoi kasbi;

– guzaronidani mashvarathoi kasbi (infirodi, guruhi) va ravoni (psikhologi);

– jori namudani tekhnologiya va usulhoi navi mashvarati kasbi va bo vositai kompyuter guzaronidani test- mashvaratho;

– takmil va tahkimi sistemai rohnamoii kasbii javonon, navrason va kalonsolon (tahiya va nashri mavodhoi tabligoti);

– tavassuti jalbi mutakhassison tashkili seminaru vokhuriho) tahiyai mavodi metodi doir ba rohnamoii kasbi dar intikhobi boshuuronai kasb va dagar usulhoi intikhobi kasbhoi jahoni.

4. Natijahoi mavridi intizor

  1. Tatbiqi Barnomai mazkur dar Jumhurii Tojikiston imkoniyat medihad, ki tashkili tamini ijtimoivu iqtisodii samti rohnamoii kasbi va ahamiyati jamiyativu davlatii onro dar marhilai imruza faro girad va siyosati yagonai davlatiro dar in samt amali gardonad. Hamchunin tatbiqi Barnoma imkoniyat medihad, ki mazmuni tarbiyai mehnati, intikhobi kasb va rohnamoii kasbii javonon muvofiqi talabi bozori mehnat tagyir doda shuda, bo usulu tarzhoi istifodai tekhnologiyai muosir, ki baroi tayyor namudani kadrhoi balandikhtisosi raqobatpazir ba bozori mehnat musoidat menamoyad, shinosoi paydo kunand.
  2. Peshbini megardad, ki tavassuti tatbiqi chorabinihoi Barnoma dar solhoi 2016-2020:

– ba 128090 nafar khizmati kasbi rasonida meshavad; az on jumla: -109779 nafar malumot va maslihathoi kasbi megirand;

– 6955 nafar az intikhobi kasbi meguzarand;

– 11356 nafar yorii kasbi megirand; 10552 nafar shahrvandon va muhojironi mehnati ba shahodatnomakunoni safarbar karda meshavand;

– 9521 nafar shahrvandoni bekor va korjuyon ba korhoi jamiyati safarbar meshavand;

– ba 10201 nafar shahrvandon khizmathoi maslihati va mashvarati rasonida meshavad;

– vobasta ba imkoniyat dar sathi jumhuri 25 marotiba tahqiqothoi sotsiologi guzaronida meshavad;

– tajdidi sokhtori mahallii maqomoti rohnamoii kasbi guzaronida meshavad.

  1. Dar natijai tatbiqi chorabinihoi Barnoma sathi shuglnokii aholi nisbat ba soli 2014 ba andozai 0,8 foiz ziyod megardad. Barnoma imkoniyat medihad, ki dar in muddat 150,2 hazor nafar shahrvandon, az jumla ba 128,1 hazor nafar bevosita tavassuti musoidati maqomoti rohnamoii kasbi baroi intikhobi durust va ozodonai kasb, shakli mashguliyat va rohhoi khudamalisozii shakhsiyat dar sharoiti munosibathoi bozori khizmatrasoni karda meshavad.

5. Tamini moliyavii Barnoma va nazorati ijroi on

  1. Mablagguzorii chorabinihoi Barnoma dar doirai mablaghoi tasdiqgardidai vazoratu idoraho amali karda meshavad. Hamchunin dar nazar ast, ki baroi tatbiqi Barnomai mazkur digar mablagho, az jumla grantho, mablagguzorihoi ikhtiyorii tashkilotu sozmonho istifoda karda meshavand.
  2. Dar asosi shartnoma bayni muassisahoi talimi, kordihandagon va khonandagon, novobasta az manbahoi mablagguzaroni tayyor namudani mutakhassison peshbini shudaast. Jalbi mablaghoi korfarmoyon va digar mablaghoi khayriyavi bo rohi bastani shartnomaho mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavand.
  3. Masuli tamini ijroi Barnoma Vazorati mehnat, muhojirat va shugli aholii Jumhurii Tojikiston yakjoya bo vazoratu idoraho va maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati meboshand, ki jarayoni ijroi onro har nimsola dar jalasahoi jambasti barrasi namuda, az natijai on ba Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston malumot irsol menamoyad.
  4. Nazorati ijroi Barnomaro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston, Vazorati mehnat, muhojirat va shugli aholii Jumhurii Tojikiston va maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati anjom medihand.
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