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BARNOMAI MILLII BEHATARII AVIATSIYAI GRAJDANII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON BAROI SOLHOI 2015-2020

Bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 2 apreli soli 2015, № 188 tasdiq shudaast

BARNOMAI MILLII BEHATARII AVIATSIYAI GRAJDANII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON BAROI SOLHOI 2015-2020 

Barnomai mazkur siyosat dar sohai hifzi aviatsiyai grajdani az amalhoi mudokhilavii gayriqonuni va tadbirhoro jihati tatbiqi on muayyan mesozad.

BOBI 1. MAQSADI BARNOMA

  1. Maqsadi Barnomai millii bekhatarii aviatsiyai grajdani az tamini bekhatari, muntazami va samarabakhshii parvozhoi aviatsiyai baynalmilalii grajdani dar Jumhurii Tojikiston tavassuti amali namudani choraho oid ba himoya az amalhoi mudokhilavii gayriqonuni tibqi qoidaho, amaliya va rasmiyat iborat meboshad. Barnomai millii bekhatarii aviatsiyai grajdani (minbad-BMBAG) ba tamini bekhatarii istifodabarandagoni milli va khoriji, ki parvozhoro az Jumhurii Tojikiston ijro menamoyand, inchunin furudgohhoi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki khatsayrhoi baynalmilaliro khizmatrasoni menamoyand, ravona shudaast.
  2. Bo darnazardoshti sozishnomahoi baynalmilali, ki yake az tarafhoi on Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad, Barnomai mazkur nisbat ba istifodabarandagoni milli va khorijii kishtihoi havoi, istifodabarandagoni furudgohho, digar shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki faoliyatro dar sohai aviatsiyai grajdani dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston amali menamoyad, tatbiq megardad.
  3. Muqarraroti Barnomai mazkur baroi vazoratu idoraho, korkhonaho, muassisaho va ashkhosi mansabdori tashkilothoi aviatsiyai grajdani va digar tashkilothoi ba tamini bekhatarii aviatsioni vobastabuda, novobasta az shakli molikiyatashon, hatmi meboshad. Ijro nakardan va yo vayron namudani meyorho, qoidaho va rasmiyat oid ba bekhatarii aviatsioni tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgarii jinoyati va mamuri ovarda merasonad.
  4. Barnomai mazkur jihati rioyai Standarthoi baynalmilali va amaliyai tavsiyashuda, ki dar Zamimai 17 ba Konvensiya oid ba aviatsiyai baynalmilalii grajdani, Konvensiya oid ba huquqvayronkuniho va baze amalhoi digar, ki dar dokhili kishtii havoi sodir shudaand, Konvensiya oid ba muboriza bo zabti gayriqonunii kishtihoi havoi, Konvensiya oid ba muboriza bo amalhoi gayriqonunie, ki ba muqobili bekhatarii aviatsiyai grajdani ravona shudaast, Konvensiya oid ba tamgazanii moddahoi plastikii tarkanda bo maqsadi oshkor namudani onho va protokolhoi ilovagii aviatsiyai grajdani oid ba muboriza bo amalhoi gayriqonunii zurovari dar furudgohho, ki aviatsiyai baynalmilalii grajdaniro khizmatrasoni mekunand, Kodeksi fazoi havoii Jumhurii Tojikiston va qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 17 fevrali soli 1999, №87 “Dar borai tasdiqi sanadhoi meyori oid ba tamini bekhatarii aviatsioni dar obekthoi aviatsiyai grajdani” ovarda shudaand, peshbini shudaast. Tatbiqi Barnomai mazkur az jonibi Jumhurii Tojikiston jihati ijro namudani uhdadorihoi khud dar doirai Konvensiyai baynalmilalii grajdani, alalkhusus vobasta ba tamini bekhatarii aviatsioni musoidat menamoyad.
  5. Ittiloot dar borai chorahoi tatbiqi Barnoma, hamchun ittilooti baroi pahn namudan mahdudkardashuda mahsub meyobad. Hamai shakhsoni mansabdore, ki ittilootro dar borai chorahoi tatbiqi Barnomai mazkur giriftaand, naboyad ittilooti giriftaashonro oshkor namoyand.

BOBI 2. MAFHUMHOI ASOSi

  1. Dar Barnomai mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

– bekhatarii aviatsioni – majmui tadbirho, inchunin zakhirahoi insoniyu moddi, ki baroi hifzi aviatsiyai grajdani az amalhoi gayriqonunii dakholat peshbini shudaand;

– muassisai aviatsioni- shakhsi huquqi, ki novobasta az shakli tashkiliyu huquqi va shakli molikiyat maqsadi asosii faoliyati u hamlu naqli havoii musofiron, bagoj, borho, pochta va ijroi korhoi aviatsionii pardokhtshavanda meboshad;

– amalhoi gayriqonunii dakholat – amalho yo kushishi sodir namudani amalhoe, ki ba bekhatarii aviatsiyai grajdani va kishtii havoi tahdid mekunand, az jumla gasbi gayriqonunii kishtihoi havoi hangomi parvoz va dar zamin, gasbi garavgonon dar dokhili kishtii havoi yo aerodromho, majburi vorid shudan ba dokhili kishtii havoi, furudgoh yo mahalli joygirshavii vositaho va khadamoti aeronavigatsioni, dar dokhili kishtii havoi yo furudgoh joygir namudani yaroq, tajhizot yo mavodi khatarnok, ki baroi maqsadhoi jinoyati peshbini shudaand, rasonidani ittilooti bardurug, ki ba bekhatarii kishtii havoi, musofiron, azoi ekipaj, hayati kormandoni zamini yo ahli jamiyat dar furudgoh yo dar mahalli joygirshavii vositaho va Hadamoti aviatsiyai grajdani hangomi parvoz yo dar zamin tahdid mekunad, dar kishtii havoi, ki mavridi istifodabari qaror dorad, joygir kardan yo kushishi joygir kardani tajhizot yo moddahoe, ki metavonand onro vayron kunand yo boisi ziyone gardand, ki ba bekhatarii kishtii havoi tahdid menamoyand;

– prinsiphoi omili insoni – prinsiphoe, ki baroi tarhrezii tajhizoti aviatsioni, sertifikatsiya, omodasozii kadrho, faoliyati ekspluatatsioni, khizmatrasonii tekhniki istifoda shuda, bahri tamini hamkorii bekhatari bayni inson va digar unsurhoi sistema tavassuti bahisobgirii munosibi imkoniyathoi inson nigaronida shudaast;

– furudgoh – majmui binohoe, ki dar khud aerodrom, aerovokzal va digar binohoero inikos mekunad, ki baroi qabulu guseli kishtihoi havoi va khizmatrasonii hamlu naqli havoi peshbini shudaast;

– furudgohi firistodan – furudgohe, ki az on tibqi shartnomai baynalmilalii hamlu naqli havoi firistodani musofiron, bagoj yo bor amali megardad;

– furudgohi tainot- furudgohe, ki boyad ba on mutobiqi shartnomai baynalmilalii hamlu naqli havoi musofir, bagoj yo bor rasonida shavad;

– bagoj – ashyoi shakhsii musofiron yo hayati idorakuni, ki az rui sozishnoma bo istifodabaranda dar dokhili kishtii havoi burda meshavad;

– konteyneri bagoji – zarfe, ki ba on bagojbaroi hamlu naql dar dokhili kishtii havoi joygir karda meshavad;

– bagoje, ki yakchand intiqoldihanda mebarad – bagoji musofiron, ki az yak kishtii havoii istifodabaranda ba kishtii havoii istifodabarandai digar dar rafti hamlu naqli musofiron burda meshavad;

– zakhirahoi dokhili havopaymo baroi khizmatrasonii musofirontamomi ashyo, ba istisnoi zakhirai khuroki dokhili havopaymo vobasta ba khizmatrasonii musofiron hangomi parvoz, az qabili ruznomaho, majallaho, gushmonakho, audio va videonavorho, bolishtu kurpaho, lavozimoti safari va g.;

– kishtii havoi – hama guna dastgohho, ki dar fazo az hisobi tasiri mutaqobila bo havo nigoh doshta meshavad, ba istisnoi tasiri mutaqobila bo havo, ki dar sathi zamin inikos meyobad;

– bor – hama guna amvole, ki dar dokhili kishtii havoi intiqol doda meshavad, ba istisnoi pochta, zakhirahoi dokhili havopaymo va bagoji mushoiatshavanda yo firistodashavanda.

– anbori borho – binoe, ki ba vositai on bor dar marhilai bayni hamlu naqli havoiyu zamini guzashta, dar on vositahoi korkardi borho joygir meboshand yo borho to hamlu naqli havoiyu zamini joygir karda shudaand.

– takhribkori – amal yo beetinoii qasdan sodirshuda, ki maqsadi barqasdona yo bemanii nest kardani amvolro doshta, faoliyati aviatsiyai grajdani va khadamoti onro zeri tahdid meguzorad yo ba in faoliyat dakholati gayriqonuni mekunad;

– taftish – istifodai vositahoi tekhniki va digar vositaho bo maqsadi mushobehsozi va/yo oshkor namudani yaroq, moddahoi tarkanda yo digar tajhizoti khatarnok, ki metavonand baroi amalhoi gayriqonunii dakholat istifoda shavand;

– taftishi kishtii havoi – taftishi tolori musofiron, hujrahoi maishiyu tekhniki va joyhoi kushodai beruni kishtii havoi bo maqsadi oshkor namudani joyhoi pinhonii moddaho yo tajhizoti zararovarandai tarkishi, otashangez, sabuk dargiranda va gayraho;

– tolori parvoz – mintaqai nazoratii bayni joyhoi baqaydgiri va joyi intizorshavi meboshad;

– agenti baqaydgiriftashuda – agent, irsolkunandai borho yo hama guna digar shakhsi huquqi, ki faoliyati tijoratiro bo istifodabarandagon amali mesozad va bo maqsadi bekhatarie, ki az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori dakhldor nisbat ba bor, murosiloti kureri yo pochta etirof yo talab karda meshavad, nazorat menamoyad;

– bagoji firistodashuda – bagoje, ki qasdan yo az rui beetinoi az musofiron yo hayati ekipaj judo karda shudaast;

– mintaqai khizmatrasonii tekhnikii kishtii havoi – qitai zamin, inchunin vositaho va tajhizote, ki baroi khizmatrasonii tekhnikii naqliyot peshbini shudaand: perronho, angarho, bino va ustokhonaho, joyi tavaqqufi vositahoi naqliyoti zamini va rohhoi ba onho payvastshavanda meboshand;

– mintaqai nazorati – maydoni korii furudgoh va mintaqahoi atrofi on, ki dar nazdi bino yo dar yak qismi on joygir shuda, dastrasi ba onho zeri nazorat meboshad;

– nazorat bo maqsadi bekhatari – tadbirhoe, ki bo yorii onho guzaronidani yaroq, moddahoi tarkanda yo digar ashyoi khatarnok, ki metavonand bo maqsadi sodir namudani amali gayriqonunii dakholat istifoda shavand, peshgiri karda meshavand;

– taftishi shakhsi – taftish be ishtiroki shakhsoni gayr, ki dar hujrai makhsus guzaronida shuda, baroi muoinai shakhsi konkreti pesh az ba naqliyoti havoi nishastani u bo maqsadi oshkor namudani moddahoi tarkanda, tajhizoti tarkanda yo digar tajhizoti khatarnok ravona shudaast, ki metavonand baroi sodir namudani amali gayriqonunii dakholat istifoda shavand;

– furudgohi baynalmilali – furudgohe, ki dar on hamlu naqli baynalmilalii havoi amali gardonida shuda, nazorati gumruki, sarhadi va sanitariyu karantini tamin karda meshavad;

– joyi intizorshavi – joy bayni tolori parvoz va baromadgoh az binoi aerovokzal ba mintaqai nazorati meboshad;

– joyi ba navho judo kardani bagojho – joe, ki dar on bagoji firistodashavanda baroi taqsimot az rui khatsayrho ba navho judo karda meshavand;

– istgohi kishtii havoi – qitai judoshuda dar perron, ki baroi istgohi kishtii havoi peshbini shudaast;

– bagoji darkhostnashuda – bagoje, ki ba furudgoh ovarda shudaast, vale onro kase nagiriftaast yo talab nakardaast;

– mintaqai gayrinazorati – mintaqai furudgoh bo ilovai binoe, ki ba on musofiron, inchunin shakhsone, ki musofir hisob nameyoband, dastrasii bemahdud dorad;

– bagoji shinokhtanashuda – bagoje, ki bo takhtachai bagoji yo be takhtachai bagoji ba furudgoh ovarda shudaast, vale on az jonibi musofir girifta yo shinokhta nashudaast;

– bagoji mushoiatnashavanda – bagoje, ki hamchun bor dar digar yo hamon yak kishtii havoi hamlu naql karda shuda, dar on shakhsi sohibi bagoj joygir meboshad;

– borhoi khatarnok – masnuot yo moddahoe, ki qobiliyati tahdidkuni ba salomati, bekhatari, amvol yo muhiti zistro doshta, dar ruykhati borhoi khatarnok dar dasturamali tekhniki nishon doda shudaand yo mutobiqi hamin dasturamal khatarnok tasnif meshavand;

– mintaqahoi muhofizatshavandai dastrasiashon mahdud mintaqahoi furudgoh, ki vorid shudan ba onho bo maqsadi tamini bekhatarii aviatsiyai grajdani zeri nazorat meboshand. CHun qoida ba qatori hamin mintaqaho gayri hamai digar mintaqahoe meboshand, ki baroi musofironi parvozkunanda az joyi taftish to naqliyoti havoi, inchunin perron, mintaqai korkardi bagoj, anborho, markazi ba navho judo kardani pochta va mintaqai nazoratshavandai binoi khadamoti quvvatdihandaho va tozakunii tolorhoi kishtii havoi peshbini shudaand;

– musofir – hama guna shakhs ba istisnoi hayati idorakuni, ki mutobiqi shartnomai hamlu naqli havoi dar kishtii havoi burda meshavad yo boyad burda shavad;

– mintaqai musofiri – tamomi qitai zamin, inchunin vosita va tajhizote, ki baroi korkardi jarayonhoi musofiri peshbini shudaast (perronho, binoi aerovokzal, joyhoi isti vositahoi naqliyoti zamini va rohhoi payvastshavanda);

– perron – maydoni muayyani aerodromi khushkigardi, ki baroi joygir namudani kishtihoi havoi bo maqsadi nishastan yo farovardani musofiron, bor kardan yo farovardani pochta yo borho, bo suzishvori pur kardan, joyi ist yo khizmatrasonii tekhniki peshbini shudaast;

– parvoz – holati kishtii havoi dar davrai az lahzai mahkam shudani darhoi dokhilshavi badi shinonidani musofiron va (yo) hayati idorakuni baroi ijroi khatsayr to lahzai kushoda shudani darho baroi baromadani musofiron va (yo) hayati idorakuni badi nishastani kishtii havoi va az kor monondani muharrikho;

– maqomi vakolatdor oid ba masalahoi bekhatari – maqomi az jonibi davlat dar doirai vakolati mamurii khud tainshuda, ki ba zimmai u masuliyat baroi tahiya, tatbiq va tajdidi barnomai millii tamini bekhatarii aviatsiyai grajdani guzoshta shudaast;

– pochta – murosilot yo digar ashyoe, ki az jonibi mamuriyati pochta firistoda shudaast yo baroi firistodan peshbini shudaast;

– ijozatnoma – sistemai ijozatnomaho az kortho iborat buda, ba shakhsoni alohidae doda meshavand, ki dar furudgohho kor mekunand yo bo chunin sababho dodani ijozatnomai tasdiqshuda dar furudgoh, mintaqai nazorati yo mintaqai hifzshavandai dastrasiyash mahdud zarur meboshad. Maqsadi on muayyankunii shakhsiyat va sabukgardonii ijozatnoma meboshad. Baroi maqsadhoi ba hamin monand ijozatnomaho baroi vositahoi naqliyot doda va istifoda meshavand;

– maydoni kori – qismi aerodrom, ki baroi parvoz, nishastan va harakati kishtii havoi peshbini shuda, az maydoni manyovrkuni va perron iborat meboshad;

– taftishi bori dasti – taftishe, ki baroi muoinai bori dasti va (yo) bagoji musofiron, hayati idorakunii kishtii havoi, kormandoni furudgohho va digar shakhsoni vazifador nigaronida shuda, be istifodai vositahoi tekhniki guzaronida meshavad;

– bori dasti – ashyo va chizhoe, ki dar nazdi musofir joygirand;

– khadamoti bekhatarii aviatsioni – khadamote, ki tashkil va ijroi vazifahoro oid ba hifzi faoliyati aviatsiyai grajdani az amalhoi gayriqonunii dakholat anjom medihad;

– mintaqai tamyizi – mintaqa bayni hama guna nuqtai sanjishi, nazoratii makhsusi musofiron va kishtii havoi, ki dastrasi ba on zeri nazorati sakht qaror dorad;

– musofironi tranziti – musofirone, ki az furudgoh bo hamon khatsayre parvoz mekunand, ki tavassuti on omada budand;

– musofironi transferi – musofirone, ki mustaqiman az yak khatsayr ba khatsayri digar meguzarand;

– bagoji transferi – bagoje, ki az yak khatsayr ba khatsayri digar bor karda meshavad;

– bongi iztirob oid ba tahdidi tarkish – holati bongi iztirob, ki az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori salohiyatnok bo maqsadi anjom dodani naqshai amaliyot baroi bezarargardonii oqibathoi ehtimoli vobasta ba giriftani bongi iztirob az sarchashmai nomalum yo az digar shabakaho yo oshkor namudani tajhizoti shubhanok yo digar ashyoi shubhanok dar dokhili kishtii havoi, dar furudgoh yo dar dokhili vositaho yo khadamoti aviatsiyai grajdani elon karda meshavad;

– rabudani naqliyoti havoi – istifodai gayriqonunii kishtii havoi bo rohi idorakunii on yo ravona kardani on ba tavri zuri yo tahdidi majburkuni yo digar tahdidho, ki dar naqsha va nuqtai parvoz nishon doda shudaast;

– tahdidi tarkonidan – tahdide, ki az sarchashmai nomalum yo digar shabakaho girifta shuda, dar on ittilooti bovaribakhsh yo bardurug doda meshavad yo dar nazar doshta shudaast, ki ba bekhatarii kishtii havoi hangomi parvoz yo dar zamin va yo hama guna furudgoh yo vositahoi aviatsiyai grajdani yo hama guna shakhsro metavonad moddai tarkanda yo digar ashyoyu tajhizot tahdid namoyad;

– uzvi hayati idorakuni – shakhse, ki az jonibi istifodabaranda baroi ijroi uhdadorihoi muayyan dar dokhili kishtii havoi dar davomi vaqti parvozi khizmati tain shudaast;

– istifodabaranda- shakhs, tashkilot yo korkhona, ki kishtii havoiro istifoda mebarad yo dar in soha khizmatrasonii khudro peshnihod mekunad.

bword Matni purraro az incho gired (Skachat)

 

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