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BARNOMAI QARZGIRII BERUNAI DAVLATII JT 2018-2020

Bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 26 oktyabri soli 2017, № 485 tasdiq shudaast

BARNOMAI QARZGIRII BERUNAI DAVLATII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON BAROI SOLHOI 2018-2020 

  1. MUQADDIMA
  1. Barnomai qarzgirii berunai davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi solhoi 2018- 2020 (minbad – Barnomai mazkur) nomgui qarzgirii berunai Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi soli navbatii moliyavi va du soli minbada bo judo namudani mablagi qarz ba qarzdihandaho va bakhshhoi iqtisodiyot va bo darnazardoshti qarzgirihoi navi banaqshagiriftashuda, inchunin malumoti muqoisavi oid ba azkhudkunii mablaghoi qarzii jori va banaqshagiriftashuda meboshad (zamimahoi 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B).
  2. Barnomai mazkur mutobiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai qarzgirii davlati va qarze, ki az jonibi davlat kafolat doda meshavad” tahiya gardida, ba siyosati iqtisodii Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki afzaliyathoi asosii dar Strategiyai millii rushdi Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi davrai to soli 2030 jihati noilshavi ba Hadafhoi Rushdi Hazorsola ravonashudaro inikos menamoyad, mutobiqat mekunad.
  3. Nishondihandahoi asosii Barnomai qarzgirii berunai davlati mutobiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai qarzgirii davlati va qarze, ki az jonibi davlat kafolat doda meshavad” va “Strategiyai idorakunii qarzi davlati baroi solhoi 2015-2017” muayyan karda shudaand. Barnoma miyonamuhlat buda, dar asosi prinsipu meyorhoi dar Strategiyai idorakunii qarzi davlati muayyangardida va bo darnazardoshti past kardani khavfi puliyu qarzi (moliyavi) va tamini idorakunii munosibi qarzgirihoi beruna amali karda meshavad.
  4. Tayi solhoi okhir bo sayu kushishi doimii Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi tajdidi sokhtori qarz, inchunin rushdi ustuvori iqtisodiyoti mamlakat, vazi qarzi beruna dar kishvar behtar gardid va ba holati nimsolai yakumi soli 2017 hajmi qarzi berunai Jumhurii Tojikiston 2 303,41 mln dollari IMA-ro tashkil dod, ki in ba 35,8 foizi majmui mahsuloti dokhili barobar meboshad.
  5. Dar doirai Barnomai qarzgirii berunai davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi solhoi 2016-2018, jihati tatbiq namudani loihahoi sarmoyaguzori 242,02 mln dollari IMA mablaghoi qarzi dar soli 2016 jalb gardidand. Inchunin dar soli 2016 11 sozishnomai qarzi ba mablagi umumii 164,8 mln dollari IMA ba imzo rasonida shudaand, az jumla:

qarz-kredit

– bo Bonki Umumijahoni oid ba loihai “Mukammalgardonii idorakunii moliyai davlati, marhilai 2” ba mablagi 5,56 mln dollari IMA, loihai “Barnomai mutobiqgardoni ba tagyiryobii iqlim va kam kardani tasiri on ba havzai bahri Aral” ba mablagi 9,0 mln dollari IMA, loihai “Baqaydgirii amvoli gayrimanqul” ba mablagi 10,00 mln dollari IMA, loihai “Mustahkam namudani infrasokhtori muhim jihati tamini ustuvori ziddi khatarhoi tabii” ba mablagi 2,5 mln dollari IMA;

– bo Bonki Avrupoii Tajdid va Rushd oid ba loihai “Idorakunii partovhoi sakhti maishii shahri Hujand” ba mablagi 2,5 mln dollari IMA, loihai “Obtaminkuni va sanitariyai shahri Norak” ba mablagi 3,0 mln dollari IMA;

– bo Bonki Avrupoii Tajdid va Rushd va Bonki Osiyogii Sarmoyaguzorii Infrasokhtor oid ba loihai “Sokhtmoni rohi avtomobilgardi Dushanbe-Tursunzoda, sarhadi Uzbekiston qismati roh az girdrohai paykarai Sino to darvozai garbii shahri Dushanbe” ba mablagi 55,0 mln dollari IMA;

– bo Fondi Baynalmilalii Rushdi Kishovarzi oid ba loihai “Rushdi chorvodori va charogohho, marhilai 2” ba mablagi 8,69 mln dollari IMA;

– bo Bonki Osiyogii Rushd oid ba loihai “HIMOM (SARES) oid ba behdoshti koridorhoi 2, 5 va 6, marhilai 1 (tajdidi rohi Dushanbe – Qurgonteppa)” ba mablagi 49,40 mln dollari IMA, loihai “Idorakunii zakhirahoi obii havzai daryoi Panj” ba mablagi 19,15 mln dollari IMA.

  1. Tanosubi ustuvori nishondihandahoi pasti sathi qarzi beruna ba ustuvorii vazi moliyavii mamlakat musoidat namuda, imkoniyat medihad, ki mablagi qablan baroi khizmatrasonii qarzhoi beruna peshbinishuda baroi tatbiqi loihahoi iqtisodiyu ijtimoi ravona karda shavand.
  1. MAQSAD VA VAZIFAHOI ASOSII BARNOMA
  1. Maqsadi asosii Barnoma in baland bardoshtani samaranokii nazorat jihati jalbi qarzhoi khoriji ba Jumhurii Tojikiston va roh nadodan ba jamshavii nazoratnashavandai qarzi beruna meboshad, ki bo prinsiphoi zerini Strategiyai idorakunii qarzi davlati ifoda megardad:

– to haddi imkon mahdud kardani qabuli uhdadoriho oid ba jalbi qarzhoi davlathoi khoriji va qarzhoi sozmonhoi baynalmilalii moliyavi az rui loihahoi banaqshagiriftashudae, ki az bujeti davlati mablagguzori meshavand;

– jalbi qarzho baroi mablagguzorii kharojoti loihahoi tatbiqshavanda bo maqsadi ba anjom rasonidani onho;

– mutamarkazonidani zakhirahoi qarzi baroi tatbiqi loihahoi banaqshagiriftashudai buzurgi infrasokhtorii doroi ahamiyati strategii umumidavlati, ki jihati tatbiqi onho qarorhoi dakhldori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul shudaast.

  1. Dar surati samaranok amali namudani Barnomai mazkur imkoniyat meshavad, ki hangomi mahdud budani imkoniyathoi moliyavii bujeti davlati va zakhirahoi qarzii dokhili barnomahoi ijtimoii Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tavsea gardida, dar barobari in ba rushdi bakhshhoi afzaliyatnoki iqtisodiyot, ki holati iqtisodiyoti voqeiro muayyan menamoyand: infrasokhtori naqliyot, energetika va islohoti sohai kishovarzi dastgirii zaruri rasonida shavad.
  2. Barnomai mazkur 70 loihai qarzii amalkunanda va 96 sozishnomai qarzii dar sathi loihavi qarordoshtaro dar bar megirad. Azkhudkunii mablagi umumii qarzho az rui Barnomai peshnihodgardida ba holati 1 yanvari soli 2017 352,2 mln dollari IMA-ro tashkil medihad.
  3. Azkhudkunii mablagho dar soli 2017 dar hajmi 623,78 mln dollari IMA, dar soli 2018 – 196,53 mln dollari IMA, dar soli 2019 – 295,93 mln dollari IMA va dar soli 2020 – 354,67 mln dollari IMA dar nazar doshta shudaast.
  1. BAHSHHOI IQTISODIYOT
  1. Barnoma az rui namudi istifodabarii mablaghoi qarzi dar sohahoi zerini iqtisodiyot tahiya karda shudaast (zamimai 2A):

– bakhshi kishovarzi va melioratsiya 20 loihai qarziro dar bar megirad, ki ba barqarorsozi va rushdi ustuvori sohai kishovarzi, tajdidi sistemahoi irrigatsioni va obyorii zaminho ravona shudaand. Hajmi umumii mablagi azkhudshuda dar in bakhsh 30,05 mln dollari IMA yo 8,5 foizi hajmi umumii mablaghoi azkhudshudaro tashkil medihad;

– bakhshi tandurusti 6 loihai qarziro dar bar megirad, ki asosan ba rushdi rukni ibtidoi va zaminavii tandurusti ravona shudaand;

– bakhshi maorif 11 loihai qarziro dar bar megirad, ki ba dastgirii rushdi bakhshi maorif, sokhtmon va tajdidi muassisahoi talimi ravona shudaand. Hajmi umumii mablagi azkhudshuda dar in bakhsh 23,4 mln dollari IMA yo 6,7 foizi hajmi umumii mablaghoi azkhudshudaro tashkil medihad;

– bakhshi energetika va sanoat 29 loihai qarziro dar bar megirad, ki ba barqarorkunii infrasokhtori dokhili va dastgirii rushdi tijorati baynalmilalii zakhirahoi energetiki ravona shudaand. Hajmi umumii mablagi azkhudshuda dar in bakhsh 155,99 mln dollari IMA yo 44,3 foizi hajmi umumii mablaghoi azkhudshudaro tashkil medihad;

– bakhshi naqliyot va kommunikatsiya 45 loihai qarziro dar bar megirad, ki ba tajdid va rushdi nizomi naqliyoti kishvar ravona shudaand. Hajmi umumii mablagi azkhudshuda dar in bakhsh 115,23 mln dollari IMA yo 32,7 foizi hajmi umumii mablaghoi azkhudshudaro tashkil medihad;

– bakhshi khojagii manziliyu kommunali 32 loihai qarziro dar bar megirad, ki ba barqarorsozii sistemai obrasoni va idorai partovhoi sakht ravona shudaand. Hajmi umumii mablagi azkhudshuda dar in bakhsh 7,23 mln dollari IMA yo 2,1 foizi hajmi umumii mablaghoi azkhudshudaro tashkil medihad;

– bakhshi idorakunii davlati 13 loihai qarziro dar bar megirad, ki baroi dastgirii bujet va mukammalgardonii moliyai davlat ravona shudaand. Hajmi umumii mablagi azkhudshuda dar in bakhsh 20,0 mln dollari IMA yo 5,7 foizi hajmi umumii mablaghoi azkhudshudaro tashkil medihad;

– bakhshi hifzi ijtimoi 1 loihai qarziro dar bar megirad. Hajmi umumii mablagi azkhudshuda dar in bakhsh 0,27 mln dollari IMA yo 0,1 foizi hajmi umumii mablaghoi azkhudshudaro tashkil medihad.

  1. Dar doirai sozishnomahoi qarzii ilovagi oid ba tatbiqi loihaho, ki dar yakjoyagi bo sozmonhoi baynalmilalii moliyavi amali karda meshavand, 54 sozishnomai yoridihandai qarzi baroi az nav ba rasmiyat darovardani qarzho ba mablagi 2 470,7 mln dollari IMA yo 37 foizi hajmi umumii qarzhoi jalbshavandai beruna ba imzo rasonida shudaast.
  2. Qarzgiranda az rui qarzhoi mazkur Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad, vale dar asl khizmatrasoni va bargardonidani mablagi asosii qarzho az jonibi subekthoi khojagidori kishvar amali karda meshavad.
  1. PORTFELI QARZGIRI
  1. Ba Barnoma qarzdihandahoi zerin dokhil karda shudaand (zamimai 1A):

– Bonki Umumijahoni – 29 sozishnomai qarzi, ki az onho 19 sozishnomai qarzi mavridi barrasi qaror dorad;

– Bonki Osiyogii Rushd – 22 sozishnomai qarzi, ki az onho 18 sozishnomai qarzi mavridi barrasi qaror dorad;

– Bonki Islomii Rushd – 29 sozishnomai qarzi, ki az onho 21 sozishnomai qarzi mavridi barrasi qaror dorad;

– Hazinai Saudii Rushd – 10 sozishnomai qarzi, ki az onho 6 sozishnomai qarzi mavridi barrasi qaror dorad;

– Hazinai Kuvaytii Rushd – 6 sozishnomai qarzi, ki az onho 3 sozishnomai qarzi mavridi barrasi qaror dorad;

– Hazinai Abuzabi – 2 sozishnomai qarzi;

– Hazinai Sozmoni Davlathoi Sodirkunandai Naft – 4 sozishnomai qarzi;

Bonki Avrupoii Tajdid va Rushd – 42 sozishnomai qarzi, ki az onho 18 sozishnomai qarzi mavridi barrasi qaror dorad;

– Eksimbonki Jumhurii Halqii Hitoy – 5 sozishnomai qarzi, ki az onho 2 sozishnomai qarzi mavridi barrasi qaror dorad;

– Bonki Avrupoii Sarmoyaguzori – 4 sozishnomai qarzi, ki az onho 2 sozishnomai qarzi mavridi barrasi qaror dorad;

– Hazinai Ziddibuhronii Ittihodi Iqtisodii Evraziya – 2 sozishnomai qarzi;

– Hazinai Baynalmilalii Rushdi Kishovarzi – 1 sozishnomai qarzi;

– Bonki Osiyogii Sarmoyaguzorii Infrasokhtori – 2 sozishnomai qarzi;

– Hazinai Iqlimi Sabz – 1 sozishnomai qarzi.

  1. Hamai qarzhoi zikrshuda ba meyorhoi imtiyoznoki baroi Tojikiston muvofiqat menamoyand.
  2. Qarzhoi Bonki Umumijahoni, Bonki Osiyogii Rushd, Bonki Islomii Rushd, Hazinai Sozmoni Davlathoi Sodirkunandai Naft, Hazinai Kuvaytii Rushd, Hazinai Saudii Rushd, Hazinai Abuzabi va Bonki Avrupoii Sarmoyaguzori baroi davrai darozmuhlat az 20 to 40 sol doda meshavand va meyori foizi solonai qarzho az 0,75 to 2,0 foiz buda, davrai imtiyoznoki bargardonidani qarzhoi asosi az 4 to 10 solro dar bar megirad.
  3. Qarzhoi Eksimbonki Jumhurii Halqii Hitoy ba muhlati 20 va 25 sol doda shudand va meyori foizi solonai qarzho az 1,5 foiz to 2,0 foiz buda, davrai imtiyoznoki onho az rui pardokhti qarzi asosi az 9 to 11 sol muayyan shudaast.
  4. Qarzhoi Bonki Avrupoii Tajdid va Rushd imtiyoznok buda, meyori foizashon ba Libor+1 barobar meboshad va dar barobari onho mablaghoi granti judo karda meshavand.

***Zamimaho dar matni asli

 

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