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BARNOMAI DAVLATII TAYYOR NAMUDANI MUTAHASSISONI DOROI TAHSILOTI OLII KASBI BAROI SOLHOI 2016-2020

BARNOMAI DAVLATII TAYYOR NAMUDANI MUTAHASSISONI DOROI TAHSILOTI OLII KASBI BAROI SOLHOI 2016-2020

Bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 31 marti soli 2016, № 144 tasdiq shudaast

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1. MUQADDIMA

  1. Barnomai tayyor namudani mutakhassisoni tahsiloti olii kasbi baroi solhoi 2016-2020 (minbad – Barnoma) bo maqsadi tayyor namudani mutakhassisoni doroi tahsiloti olii kasbii javobgui talaboti bozori muosiri mehnat, amaligardonii afzaliyathoi rushdi ijtimoiyu iqtisodii kishvar tahiya gardida, ba istifodabarii samaranoki mablaghoi peshbinigardida musoidat menamoyad.
  2. Barnomai mazkur dar asosi Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston, qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai maorif” va “Dar borai tayyor namudani mutakhassison bo nazardoshti talaboti bozori mehnat”, Konsepsiyai millii malumoti Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 3 mayi soli 2002, № 200, Strategiyai millii rushdi maorifi Jumhurii Tojikiston to soli 2020, ki bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 30 iyuni soli 2012, № 334 va bandi 34 Naqshai chorabiniho oid ba ijroi vazifahoi dar Payomi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston ba Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 23 yanvari soli 2015 zikrgardida, ki bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 31 yanvari soli 2015, № 35 tasdiq shudaand, inchunin bo darnazardoshti muqarraroti Barnomai tayyor namudani kadrhoi tibbi baroi solhoi 2010-2020 va digar barnomahoi sohaviyu mintaqavi tahiya shudaast.
  3. Tamini rushdi ustuvori iqtisodiyot, istifodai oqilonai sarvathoi moddiyu manavi, amali gashtani maqsadhoi strategii davlat jihati baland bardoshtani sathi zindagii aholi va muarrifii arzishhoi milli ba sathu sifati nerui insoni vobasta ast. Tajribai jahoni nishon medihad, ki mablagguzorii maqsadnok baroi rushdi nerui insoni, az jumla tahsilot az sinni khurdsoli to davrai kamolot va tahsiloti kasbi, baroi rushdi iqtisodiyoti kishvarho samarai khub medihad.
  4. Rushdi iqtisodiyoti ba ilmu tekhnologiyai muosir va maorif asosyofta omili asosii peshrafti iqtidodiyoti milli ba hisob meravad.
  5. Peshrafti jomea, tamini amniyati jamiyatu davlat, sifati zindagii aholi, azkhudkunii imkoniyathoi navi tekhnologi va dar in asos rasidan ba sathi jahonii iqtisodiyot az sathi ilmu maorif, tashkili durusti ravandi talimu tarbiya va tayyor namudani mutakhassisoni mutobiq ba talaboti bozori mehnat va dar majmu az sathi savodnokii millat vobasta meboshad.
  6. Jumhurii Tojikiston niz hamchun juzi jomeai jahoni ba halli masalahoi marbut ba baland bardoshtani nekuahvolii aholi, sathi rushdi ustuvori iqtisodiyoti millii kishvar tavajjuhi khosa zohir menamoyad, ki natijai rushdi bosuboti ijtimoiyu iqtisodii jumhuri dar solhoi okhir guvohi on meboshad.
  7. Ba khotiri rasidan ba in hadafho, ilmu maorif az jonibi davlat bakhshi hayotan muhimi iqtisodiyoti milli arzyobi gardida, baroi surat bakhshidan ba islohoti soha zaminahoi meyorii huquqi tahiya gardida, mavridi amal qaror dorand.
  8. Ammo jarayoni susti islohoti nihodi va istifodai nokifoyai zakhirahoi mavjudai manaviyu moliyavi halli masalahoi navsozii sohai ilmu maorif, behtargardonii dastovardhoi ilmu tekhnika, komyob shudan ba dastrasii barobar ba tahil, baland bardoshtani sifati talimu tarbiya dar hamai zinahoi tahsilot va tamin namudani sohahai mukhtalifi iqtisodiyoti milli bo mutakhassisoni balandikhtisosi ba talaboti bozori mehnat javobguyro mushkil namuda istodaast. Harchand, ki kharojoti davlati baroi rushdi sohai ilm va maorif hamasola tamoyuli afzoish doshta boshad ham, dar muqoisa ba talaboti voqeii onho nokifoya meboshad.
  9. Hajmi kharojoti davlati baroi rushdi sohahoi ilm va maorif dar soli 2015 nisbat ba majmui mahsuloti dokhili (MMD) mutanosiban 0,2 va 5,5 foiz peshbini gardidaast.
  10. Tahlilho nishon medihand, ki baroi to haddi aqal qone gardonidani ehtiyojot jihati nigohdosht va rushdi sokhtori ilmu maorif, bo darnazardoshti omilhoi demografi, dar durnamo boyad hissai kharojoti solona baroi ilm to 3,0 foiz va maorif to 7,0 foizi majmui mahsuloti dokhili barobar karda shavad.
  11. Dar barobari in, halli masalahoi ijtimoiyu iqtisodii har yak kishvar ba talaboti sohahoi mukhtalifi iqtisodiyot ba kadrhoi ikhtisosmand vobastagii zich dorad. Tamini ilmu istehsolot va maqomoti idorakuni bo mutakhassisoni sohibkasb vazifai muhimi sohai maorif ba shumor meravad, zero nerui zehni boyad ba omili muayyankunandai rushdi jomea mubaddal gardad.
  12. Jumhurii Tojikiston ayni zamon dar sharoiti barkhurdi tamaddunho rushd yofta istodaast. Az in lihoz, boyad sarchashmahoe paydo karda shavand, ki raqobatpazirii rushdi iqtisodayoti milliro tamin karda tavonand. YAke az omilhoe, ki baroi rushdi ilmu tekhnika va quvvahoi korgarii peshbarandai jomeayu iqtisodiyot dar sharoiti zudtagyiryobandai jahoni imruza raqobatpazir ba hisob meravad, in nerui insoni ast. Iqtisodiyoti peshrafta iqtisodiyotest, ki metavonad dar tamomi bakhshho dar barobari imkonoti mavjuda az kadrhoi ikhtisosmandi javobgui sgandarthoi jahoni niz durust istifoda burda tavonad.
  13. Tahqiqot dar samti makro va mikroiqtisodiyot az on shahodat medihad, ki bayni tahsilot, istehsolot va daromadnoki vobastagii zich mavjud ast. YAne, agar iqtisodiyot harchi ziyodtar dar zaminai ilmu tekhnologiya asos yofta boshad, hamon qadar ustuvor ba shumor meravad.
  14. Binobar in, dar Tojikiston dar oyandai nazdik boyad bo istifoda az quvvai korii doroi tahsiloti kasbii javobgui tamomi talabot rushdi ustuvori iqtisodiyoti milli tamin karda shavad. Tahsiloti bosifat boyad zaminai mustahkame gardad, ki iqtisodiyoti millii kishvar dar oyanda ba on takya karda tavonad.
  15. Bo darnazardoshti in, rushdi sohai maorif va tayyor namudani kadrho yake az samthoi afzaliyatnoki siyosati ijtimoii Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston elon karda shudaast.
  16. Tayyor namudani mutakhassisoni sohibkasb dar sharoiti imruza yake az samthoi afzaliyatnoki siyosati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston ba shumor rafta, amali gardidani tadbirhoi baroi in maqsadho andeshidashavanda ba rushdi ustuvori iqtisodiyoti milli dar solhoi minbada zaminai asosiro muhayyo mesozad.

2. MAQSADHOI BARNOMA

  1. Maqsadi asosii Barnoma az mutobiq gardonidani nizomi tayyor namudani mutakhassisoni sohibkasbi javobgu ba talaboti bozori mehnat, faroham ovardani zaminahoi moddiyu tekhniki va kadriyu omuzgori dar muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi, hamkorii davlat va bakhshi khususi dar samti tayyor namudani mutakhassison dar chunin muassisaho dar dokhili kishvar va berun az on, payvastagii ilm bo istehsolot va gayra iborat meboshad. Barnoma bo andeshidani tadbirhoi zerin amali karda meshavad:

– tayyor namudani mutakhassisoni doroi tahsiloti olii kasbi tariqi bujeti va shartnomavi dar muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbii jumhuri (nomguy zamima megardad);

– tahiya namudani Naqshai qabuli umumi (bujeti va shartnomavi) ba muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbii dokhil va khoriji kishvar az rui darkhosti vazoratu idorahoi jumhuri;

– mutobiq gardonidani sathu sifati tahsiloti oli dar kishvar bo istifoda az tajribai jahoni dar sohai maorif;

– faroham ovardani sharoit baroi tayyor namudani mutakhassisoni javobgui talaboti bozori mehnati dokhiliyu khoriji;

– jori namudani modeli tahsilot, ba istisnoi tahsiloti tibbiyu farmatsevti;

– jori gardidani standarthoi navi hozirazamoni tahsilot va mutobiq gardonidani jarayoni talim ba talaboti on;

– tashkili korkhonahoi khurd va biznes-inkubatorho dar nazdi muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi va jalbi vasei donishjuyon ba faoliyati onho;

– tahiyai standarthoi davlatii tahsiloti olii kasbi az rui ikhtisoshoi muosiri innovatsioni va az jihati tekhnologi va innovatsioni peshraftai iqtisodiyoti milli;

– tashkili tajribaomuzii talimi va istehsolii donishjuyon dar korkhonahoi istehsolii davlati va gayridavlati;

– tashkil va tajhizonidani poygohhoi talimi bo tekhnologiyahoi muosir dar muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbii kishvar jihati tajribaomuzii istehsoli;

– hamkorii bevosita bo maqomoti shugli aholi dar halli masalai bo kor tamin namudani khatmkunandagoni muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi;

– tashkili nizomi hisoboti omori dar khususi bo kor tamin shudan va az rui ikhtisos faoliyat namudani khatmkunandagoni muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi;

– jonnok namudani bahamoii muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi bo muassisahoi ilmi va hamgiroii talim bo ilmi muosir;

– ba roh mondani jalbi nerui ilmi baroi tahiyai barnomahoi majmuii ilmiyu tekhnikii jumhuriyavi, ki ba halli mushkiloti muhimi rushdi iqtisodiyu ijtimoii kishvar nigaronida shudaand;

– baland bardoshtani samaranokii tahqiqoti ilmi dar sohai ilmhoi tabiatshinosiyu tekhniki va justujui rohhoi samaranoki dar istehsolot jori namudani dastovardhoi ilmu tekhnika va tekhnologiya;

– tahkimi faoliyati parkhoi tekhnologi dar zaminai muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi tashkilkardashuda;

– tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida andeshidani chorahoi zaruri bo maqsadi hamgiroii ilmi akademi va amali bo muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi va takmili nizomi tayyor namudani kadrhoi balandikhtisosi ilmi dar zinai aspirantura va doktoranturai muassisahoi ilmii khoriji;

– baland bardoshgani maqomi ijtimoi va kasbii kormandoni sohai maorif, taqviyati dastgirii davlati va jamiyatii onho;

– baland bardoshtani mavqe va masuliyati subekthoi ravandi talimu tarbiya – donishjuyon, omuzgoron, padaronu modaron va digar shakhsone, ki dar in ravand ishtirok menamoyand.

– tajdidi nazar namudani nizomi tajribaomuzii donishjuyoni muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi vobasta ba ikhtisosho.

3. VAZIFAHOI BARNOMA

  1. Vazifahoi asosii Barnoma az inho iborat ast:

– dar asosi nishondihandahoi durnamoi rushdi ijtimoiyu iqtisodii jumhuri muayyan namudani afzaliyatho va vobasta ba on tayyor namudani kadrho;

– samaranok va maqsadnok istifoda burdani mablaghoi bujeti va tayyor namudani mutakhassison az rui sohahoi afzaliyatdoshtai iqtisodiyoti milli, az jumla sohahoi tekhniki, tekhnologi, geologivu justujui va sohahoi digari afzaliyatnok;

– omuzish va tahlili talaboti bozori mehnati dokhiliyu khoriji, jalb namudani ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon baroi halli mushkilot dar tayyor namudani kadrhoi javobgu ba talaboti imruza dar tamomi zinahoi tahsilot;

– ba roh mondani darshoi kushodi “intikhobi kasb”, “kasbi maniftikhori man” dar muassisahoi tahsiloti umumi, tashkili vokhuriho bo namoyandagoni kasbu kori gunogun va guzaronidani chorabiniho baroi jalbi khatmkunandagon ba kasbhoi gunogun;

– tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida tayyor namudani kadrho dar kishvarhoi khoriji bo darnazardoshti ikhtisoshoe, ki dar dokhili kishvar imkoniyati tayyor namudani onho mavjud nest;

– baland bardoshtani takhassusi kasbii omuzgoron va rohbaroni muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi bo rohi takmili ikhtisos va bozomuzii kasbii onho;

– andeshidani tadbirhoi mushakhkhas jihati takmili mekhanizmi taqsimoti khatmkunandagon va ba joyi kor hozirshavii mutakhassisoni javon;

– tahkimi zaminai moddiyu tekhniki va kadriyu omuzgorii muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi.

4. DAVRAHOI TATBIQI BARNOMA

  1. Barnomai mazkur dar du davra amali karda meshavad:

– davrai yakum – solhoi 2016-2017;

– davrai duyum – solhoi 2018-2020.

  1. Dar davrai yakum barrasii masalahoi zerin dar nazar doshta shudaast:

– mutobiq namudani naqshai qabuli umumii dovtalabon az hisobi mablaghoi bujeti va shartnomavi bo samthoi afzaliyatnoki rushdi iqtisodiyoti milli;

– takmili nizomi bozomuzi va baland bardoshtani takhassusi omuzgoroni muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi;

– tahkimi zaminai moddiyu tekhnikii muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbii kishvar va mutobiq namudani on ba talaboti standarthoi jahoni;

– tahiyai durnamoi tayyor kardani kadrhoi tahsiloti olii kasbi dar asosi talaboti iqtisodiyoti milli baroi solhoi minbada bo darnazardoshti guzashtan ba nizomi navi tahsiloti umumi.

  1. Dar davrai duyum boyad masalahoi zerin rohhoi halli musbii khudro paydo namoyand:

– bozsozii nihodii hamai zinahoi tahsilot dar asosi hamkorii samarabakhsh va tahlili talaboti bozori mehnat;

– takmili nizomi idorakunii sohai tahsiloti olii kasbi;

– muhayyo namudani janbai ilmi va paydarpaii faoliyat dar samti tayyor namudani kadrho dar muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi;

– istifodai samarabakhshi zakhirahoi soha va jalbi samaranoki bakhshi khususi jihati faroham ovardani sharoiti muvofiqi talimu tahsil vobasta ba talaboti bozori mehnat;

– bo maqsadi tamini ehtiyojoti idtisodiyoti millii kishvar bo kadrhoi botajriba va balandikhtisosi doroi tahsiloti olii kasbi muayyan kardan va ba roh mondani hamkorihoi sudmand bayni muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi va vazoratu idoraho, maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, shubahoi maorif, muassisahoi tahsiloti umumi, tashkilotu korkhonahoi davlatiyu gayridavlati, inchunin digar ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon.

5. NATIJAHOI TATBIQI BARNOMA

  1. Tatbiqi Barnomai mazkur natijahoi zerinro peshbini menamoyad:

– jalb namudani vazoratu idorahoi dakhldor, korkhonahoi davlatiyu gayridavlati va ittihodiyahoi korfarmoyon baroi halli masalahoi bo joyi kor tamin namudani khatmkunandagoni muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi bo darnazardoshti talaboti bozori mehnat;

– tayyor namudani kadrhoi balandikhtisos bo darnazardoshti samthoi afzaliyatyaoki iqtisodiyoti milli;

– kam namudani tayyorkunii kadrho az rui ikhtisoshoe, ki ba onho talabot dar bozori mehnat mahdud ast va ba ziyod gardidani safi bekoron sabab meshavad;

– musoidat ba dastrasii tahsil baroi kudakon az oilahoi kambizoat va guruhhoi osebpaziri jomea, inchunin farogirii ziyodi dukhtaron bo tahsil dar muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi;

– istifodai tekhnologiyahoi ittilooti va usulhoi fosilavii tahsil jihati afzun gardonidani dastrasii barnomahoi tahsiloti kasbi;

– tashakkuli nizomi tayyor namudani kadrho bo darnazardoshti shahrvandoni mayub va doroi ehtiyojoti makhsus;

– dastgiri va rushdi barnomayu tekhnologiyahoi innovatsionii tahsiloti olii kasbi;

– tashkili makhzani malumot bo vositahoi tekhnika va tekhnologiyahoi ittilootii dastras;

– bunyodi nizomi millii bahodihii sifati talim dar hama zinahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi;

– baland bardoshtani sifati idorakunii maorif.

6. MANBAHOI MABLAGGUZORI

  1. Mablagguzorii umumii Barnoma az hisobi mablaghoe, ki hamasola dar Bujeti davlati ba in maqsad peshbini megardand, mablaghoi muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbi, novobasta az shakli tashkiliyu huquqi, tashkilothoe, ki az hisobi mablaghoi khud mutakhassis tayyor mekunand, tashkilothoi gayridavlati va digar sarchashmahoi mablagguzori, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston man nakardaast, amali karda meshavad.

 

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