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BARNOMAI DAVLATII OMUZISH VA ARZYOBII ZAHIRAHOI METALLHOI NODIR BAROI SOLHOI 2016-2026

Bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 28 noyabri soli 2015, № 728 tasdiq shudaast

BARNOMAI DAVLATII OMUZISH VA ARZYOBII ZAHIRAHOI METALLHOI NODIR BAROI SOLHOI 2016-2026 

metalkhoi kimatbakho

  1. Muqaddima
  1. Rushdi ilm va tekhnika pesh az hama ba istifodai metallhoi nodir aloqamand ast. Istifodai onho ba paydoishi yak qator sohahoi sanoat, ilm va tekhnikai hozirazamon sababgor gardid. Hamai mavodhoi konstruksionii favqulmagniti, favqussabuk, favqussakht, favqulgarmitobovar va balandustuvor dar asos yo bo istifodai metallhoi nodir ofarida meshavand.
  2. Dar Payomi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston ba Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston 23 apreli soli 2014 samthoi afzaliyatnoki rushdi iqtisodiyoti milli baroi solhoi minbada muayyan gardida, dar qatori digar masalaho oid ba zarurati omuzish va arzyobii zakhirahoi metallhoi nodiri jumhuri vazifa guzoshta shud.
  3. Geologho ba metallhoi nodir odatan 36 unsurhoi kimiyovii sistemai davrii D.I. Mendeleevro mansub medonand, ki sanoat tanho solhoi 50-60-umi asri XX ba azkhudkunii vasei onho shuru namud.

Nig.ba Jadval

Tasnifoti tekhnikii metallhoi nodir

Guruhi sistemai davri Unsurho Guruhi metallhoi nodir
I

II

Litiy, rubidiy, tseziy Berilliy Sabuk
IV

V

Titan, sirkoniy, gafniy Vanadiy, niobiy, tantal Mushkilgudoz
III

IV

VI

VII

Galliy, indiy, talliy Germaniy Selen, tellur Reniy Parokanda
III Skandiy, ittriy, lantan va lantanoidho Nodirzamin
I

II

Fransiy Radiy Radioaktivi
VI Aktiniy, toriy, protaktiniy, uran, plutoniy va digar transuranho  

 

VII Poloniy, Tekhnetsiy  

 

  1. Tahqiqoti muosir khususiyathoi nav ba navi metallhoi nodir va imkoniyathoi navi istifodai onhoro ikhtiro menamoyad. Agar dar ibtidoi azkhudkunii sanoatii onho doirai asosii on tekhnikai mudofiavi boshad, imruz bisyorii metallhoi nodirro baroi istehsoli molhoi muqarrarii istemoli – zarfhoi borbandi (Ge, Li), masnuoti santekhniki va koshinho (Zr), batareyachaho baroi asbobhoi elektroni (Ta, Li, La, Gd) istifoda mebarand. Az rui surati afzoishi istehsolot va istifoda metallhoi nodir az hamai digar metallhoi sanoati pesh guzashta, dar baze sohahoi zud taraqqikardaistoda talabot ba onho dar yak sol 1525 foiz afzuda istodaast. Darajai istifodai sanoati az bisyor jihat az arzishi metallhoi nodir vobasta ast, ki farqiyati narkhhoi onho khele buzurg ast – az nazdik ba qurgoshimu ruh baroi kadmiy to nazdikshavi ba tillo va metallhoi guruhi platina baroi lyutetsiy va skandiy.
  2. Istifodai metallhoi nodir dar jahonniz yakrang nest – az sadho kilogramm baroi rubidiy to sadho hazor tonna baroi sirkoniy.
  3. Konhoi metallhoi nodirro ba du guruh judo namudan mumkin ast. Dar guruhi yakumi konho metallhoi nodir (Li, Gs, Ve, Nb, Ta, TR, Zr, Sr) dar mineralhoi khosai khud vomekhurand. Miqdori ziyodi mineralhoi doroi metallhoi nodir maluamand, ammo tanho qismi kami onho jamshavii sanoatiro tashkil medihand. Dar yak kon odatan yakchand mineralhoi doroi metallhoi nodir vomekhurand. Ba in konhoi strontsiy istisno meboshand, ki digar mineralhoi doroi metallhoi nodirro ba gayr az selestin nadorand.
  4. Dar guruhi duyumi konho metallhoi nodirro hangomi korkardi hamroh bo digar kandanihoi foidanok hosil mekunand. Manbahoi ashyoi khomi metallhoi nodir hangomi istikhroji hamrohi madanhoi metallhoi ranga – mis, molibden, qurgoshim, ruh, qalagi, alyuminny meboshand. Az chunin madanho Vi, Ge, Ga, In, Re, Se, Te, Tl, Cd hosil mekunand. Germaniyro inchunin az angishtsanghoi bur, gafniy va rubidiyro hangomi korkardi madanhoi metallhoi nodir va vanadiyro az madanhoi ohan va titan niz hosil mekunand. In metallhoi nodirro bisyor vaqt parokanda menomand. Mineralhoi onho favqulkam buda, jamshavii sanoatiro tashkil namedihand.
  5. Bo qadri azkhudkunii manbahoi ashyoi khomi metallhoi nodir khelhoi konho, ki naqshi asosiro dar tarkibi zakhiraho va istikhroji onho bozidaand, tagyir meyoftand. Mineralhoi aksariyati metallhoi nodir (Li, Cs; Ve, Nb, Ta) dar pegmatitho yo in, ki poshkhurdaho (Nb, Ta, TR, Zr) kashf gardidand. Az miyonai solhoi 50-umi asri XX sar karda, naqshi asosi dar istikhroji niobiy va unsurhoi nodirzamin ba karbonatitho va qishri bodkhurdashudai onho guzasht, az solhoi 80-um boshad, joyi asosiro dar tarkibi zakhirahoi tantal va unsurhoi nodirzamini guruhi ittriy granithoi ishqori ishgol menamoyand. Sokhti geologi va khususiyati in khelhoi konhoi metallhoi nodir qatiyan farqiyat dorand.
  6. Pegmatithoi metallhoi nodir in jinshoi kuhii asosan az kristalhoi kaloni kvars va shpati sahroi iboratbuda meboshand. Pegmatitho dar shakli lonaho, ragho va linzaho khobida, ba darozii sadho metr, bazan to yakchand kilometr bo bari to 100 m merasand. Baroi pegmatithoi metallhoi nodir sokhti mintaqavi bo jamshavii judogonai mineralhoi doroi metallhoi nodir – pollutsit, lepidolit, spodumen, berill khos ast. Konhoi pegmatitho asosan zakhirahoi kalon nadorand: hazorho tonna tantal, niobiy, berilliy, rubidiy, dahho hazor tonna seziy, sadho hazor tonna litiy. Novobasta ba in, to avvalhoi solhoi 60-um mahz dar onho 100 foizi zakhirahoi litiy, berilliy, seziy va rubidiy, 95 foizi tantal, 25 foizi niobiy muayyan gardida, mahz chunin konho hamchun manbai asosii istikhroji in metallho istifoda meshudand. Baroi seziy va rubidiy pegmatitho imruz ham manbai yagonai ashyoi khomi doroi ahamiyati sanoati ba hisob meravand.
  7. Mineralhoi metallhoi nodiri ba bodkhurdashavii fizikiyu kimiyovi ustuvor dar poshkhurdaho (rossipho) jam meshavand. Sarfi nazar az fayznokii pasti mineralhoi vaznin (odatan 5-15 foiz dar qumhoi kvarsi) poshkhurdaho bo usuli sodda va arzon korkardi foidaovar karda meshavand.
  8. Karbonatitho mahsuli bulurshavii (kristalizatsiyai) gudozahoi umqii karbonatho (magmaho) meboshand. Konhoi karbonatitho (La, Se, Rg, Nd) va qishri bodkhurdashudai onho (Nb) badi jangi duyumi jahon, vaqte ki maylu ragbat ba istifodai metallhoi nodir boshiddat afzud, kashf va iktishof karda shudand. Dar muqoisa bo pegmatitho va poshkhurdaho in konho khele kalon va boy meboshand.
  9. Konhoi kaloni kompleksii metallhoi nodir dar khorosanghoi (granithoi) az metallhoi ishqori boy dar solhoi 50-umi asri XX kashf shudand. Konhoi khorrsanghoi ishqori bo majmui doimii kandanihoi foidanok va ustuvorii fayznokii onho tavsif karda meshavand. Horosanghoi ishqorii metallhoi nodirdor manbai konhoi kaloni tantal va unsurhoi nodirzamini guruhi ittriy, inchunin konhoi kalontarini sirkoniy meboshand.
  10. Bo hamin asos, tagyiri sokhtori bazai ashyoi khom va istikhroji ashyoi metallhoi nodir dar samti az konhoi khurd ba konhoi buzurg va khele buzurg ravona gardid, ki imruz naqshi peshbarandaro dar sokhtori istikhroji ashyoi metallhoi nodir dar jahon mebozand. Ba tavri nazarras meyori digari asosii arzyobii sifati konho – fayznokii qismathoi foidanok dar madan niz ziyod gardid. Dar bayni konhoi metallhoi nodir imruz obekthoe mavjudand, ki az rui in nishondihanda na tanho ba madanhoi korkardshavandai metallhoi ranga, balki ba metallhoi siyoh ham nazdik meshavand. Az rui sathi istifodai hozira va peshbinishuda sanoati jahon ba sadho sol bo zakhira va manbahoi aksariyati metallhoi nodir tamin meboshad.
  11. Ayni zamon, dar qari zamin zakhirahoi ashyoi khomro dar muqoisa bo sathi istifodai hozirazamoni onho baroi aksariyati metallhoi nodir bekanor hisobidan mumkin ast. Helhoi navi konhoi metallhoi nodir va obekthoi nav nisbatan ba nazdiki kashf gardidand va ba geologho lozim meoyad, ki bo maqsadi ziyod namudani in kashfiyotho, az jumla dar hududi Tojikiston, ilovatan qonuniyati tashakkul va joygirshavii onhoro omuzand.
  12. Dar Tojikiston ba istehsoli mahsuloti metallhoi nodir Jamiyati sahomii kushodai “Kombinati fuzuloti nodiri Leninobod”, Jamiyati sahomii kushodai “Tamokhush – Isfarinskiy gidrometallurgicheskiy zavod” va Korkhonai vohidi davlatii “Vostokredmet” mashgul budand, ki ayni zamon to 10 – 15 foizi iqtidori istehsoliashon kor mekunand.
  13. Dar asosi tahlil va arzyobii holati bazai ashyoi mineralii jumhuri Barnomai davlatii omuzshli geologii zakhirahoi metallhoi nodir baroi solhoi 2016 – 2026 (minbad – Barnoma) tahiya karda shud.
  14. Dar Barnoma masalahoi justuju, iktishof va bahodihii zakhirahoi metallhoi nodir dar pegmatitho barrasi gardida, naqshai marhilavii korhoi iktishofi geologii ba imkoniyathoi khadamoti geologii Tojikiston javobgu tartib doda shudaast.
  15. Farmoishgari korhoi dar Barnoma peshbinishuda Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston buda, maqomi ijroiyai in korho Saridorai geologiyai nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston (minbad – Saridorai geologiya) meboshad.
  16. Dar Barnoma vazi kununii omuzishi geologii tamomi mintaqahoi jumhuri vobasta ba metallhoi nodir to soli 2014 tahlil karda shuda, samthoi korhoi iktishofi geologi va natijahoi chashmdoshtshavanda muayyan gardidaand. Inchunin,- bo maqsadi sari vaqt, samaranok va khushsifat ijro namudani vazifahoi guzoshtashuda manbahoi moliyavi va tajhizonii tekhnikii soha barrasi karda shudaand.

2. Maqsad va vazifahoi Barnoma

  1. Maqsadi asosii Barnoma tavseai bazai ashyoi mineralii metallhoi nodir, dar asosi on barqarorkunii korkhonahoi kuhiyu madantozakunii metallhoi nodir va tashkili korkhonahoi navi madantozakuni meboshad.
  2. Baroi noil gashtan ba in maqsad dar Barnoma ijroi vazifahoi muhimi zerin peshbini shudaast:

– amali kardani chorabinihoe, ki ba tamini ehtiyojoti iqtisodiyoti davlat bo zakhirahoi ashyoi minerali ravona shudaand;

– ba tavri kompleksi va marhila ba marhila omukhtani qari zamin bo maqsadi tavseai bazai ashyoi mineralii metallhoi nodir; – tamini afzoishi zakhirahoi iktishofshudai metallhoi nodir;

– tamin namudani korhoi iktishofi geologi bo mavodhoi moddiyu tekhniki.

  1. Barnoma imkon medihad, ki loihahoi mushakhkhasi omuzishi maydon va zuhuroti metallhoi nodiri jumhuri tahiya va mablagguzori karda shavand.

3. Mablagguzorii Barnoma

  1. Ijroi Barnomai mazkur pesh az hama ba tashkili mekhanizmi mablagguzori vobastagi dorad. Mablagguzorii Barnoma az hisobi Bujeti davlati va sarmoyaguzoroni vataniyu khoriji peshbini gardidaast. Az hisobi Bujeti davlati mablagguzorii korhoi omuzishi geologii maydonhoi metallhoi nodir boyad chunin surat girad, ki noil gardidan ba maqsadhoi dar Barnoma muayyanshuda va halli vazifahoi guzoshtashudaro tamin namoyad. Baroi in mablagguzori bo tarzi peshpardokhti kvartali zarur ast.
  2. Dar Barnoma taqsimoti mablagho az Bujeti davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi obekthoi mushakhasse, ki peshtar dar onho korho ogoz gardidandu anjomi mantiqii khudro taqozo menamoyand, inchunin mablagho baroi obekthoi ashyoi minerali, ki vaqthoi nazdik az jonibi istifodabarandagoni qari zamin darkhost karda meshavand, peshbini gardidaast (zamimahoi 4 va 5).
  3. Peshburdi korhoi iktishofi geologi az hisobi Bujeti davlati to marhilai iktishofi qabli peshbini shudaast, hamzamon peshnihod megardad, ki baroi ba okhir rasonidani korho oid ba tayyor kardani konho baroi azkhudkunii sanoati kharojot ba zimmai istifodabarandagoni qari zamin guzoshta shavad.
  4. Malumot dar borai hajmi mablagguzori, taqsim va manbahoi on umuman va taqsimbandi ba solho dar bobhoi minbadai Barnoma muayyan karda shudaand.

4. Vazi omuzishi geologii metallhoi nodir dar Tojikiston

  1. Omuzishi maqsadnoki geologii metallhoi nodir dar Tojikiston solhoi 40-um bo korkardi yakvaqtai tanahoi judogonai pegmatitho dar hududi qatorkuhi Turkiston ogoz gardida, badan solhoi 60 – 70-i asri XX omuzishi jinshoi ishqori davom yoftand.
  2. Ayni zamon, dar tarozi zakhirahoi kandanihoi foidanoki Tojikiston metallhoi nodir ba qayd girifta nashudaand. Hamzamon ba har se nuqtai madanii metallhoi nodir yak zuhurot rost meoyad, ki az onho 10-toash oyandador hisobida meshavand. Inho zuhuroti Gapirov, Aleksandrov, Zorburulgok, Hadango, Vanjrud, YAsnogor, Rodnik, Tutek, Samjon, Jindon meboshand.
  3. Madanhoi tantal va niobiy faqat dar du mintaqai iqtisodii geologi: Markazi va Janubu SHarqi (Pomir) malumand. Hududi mintaqai avval, ba gayr az qismi sharqiash, purra bo aksbardorii kalonmiqyos faro girifta shuda, dar mintaqai duyum aksbardorii geologii miqyosi 1:50000 tanho dar hududi 15 foizi on guzaronida shuda ast.
  4. Mintaqai iqtisodii geologii Markazi. Sarhadi shimolii on az qatorkuhi Turkiston guzashta, sarhadi janubiash bo daryohoi Qizilsu, Surkhob, Eloq bo qismi janubii domanai qatorkuhi Hisor meguzarad. Dar hududi on qatorkuhhoi Zarafshon va Qarotegin niz joygirand. Manbai asosii ob daryoi Zarafshon bo shokhobhoyash (Qarokul, YAgnob) va daryoi Surkhob bo shokhobhoyash (Gorif, Dubursa) meboshand. Balandii miyonai qatorkuhho 3000-3500 metrro tashkil doda, balandii mutlaqi on 45005500 metr ast. Hududi garbii in mintaqa az jihati iqtisodi bisyortar taraqqi yofta, mahalhoi asosii aholinishin shahrhoi Dushanbe, Tursunzoda, Panjakent, Vahdat, inchunin nohiyahoi Ayni, Hisor, Garm, Nurobod, Jirgatol va Kuhistoni Mastchoh meboshand.
  5. Manbai suzishvorii energetiki konhoi angishtsangi “FonYAgnob” va “Nazarayloq” meboshand.
  6. Zuhuroti metalhoi nodir dar sharqi mintaqa, dar mintaqai kamtar azkhudkardashuda va dushvorguzari on joygir shudaand. Dar natijai guzaronidani omuzishi geologi 15 maydon judo gardidaast. Ba inho maydonhoi pegmatitdori Qarosu, Agbasoy, Payron, Rokhshif, TroSamjon, Jindon-Dakodang, Nazarayloq, Ishtansaldin, YOrmazor, YOsuman, Barzangi, Kamarsu, Honaqo, Voydara va Hochildiyor dokhil meshavand. Tavsifi purrai in maydonho dar zamimai 1 ovarda shudaast.
  7. Mintaqai iqtisodii geologii Janubu SHarqi. Qismi garbi va sharqii mintaqa baroi metallhoi nodir nisbatan oyandador ba hisob meravand. Sarhadi shimolii mintaqa shartan bo vodii daryoi Bartang guzaronida shuda, sarhadi janubi bo sarhadi davlatii Tojikistonu Afgoniston rost meoyad. Katorkuhhoi asosii mintaqa Rushon, SHugnon, Ishkoshim, SHokhdara, Vakhon, Muzkol, Alichuri SHimoli va Janubi meboshand. Manbai obi mintaqa daryohoi Bartang, Gund va SHokhdara meboshad, ki ba daryoi Panj hamroh meshavand.
  8. Dar natijai dar solhoi 1958 – 1994 guzaronidani omuzishi geologi ba gayr az maydoni pegmatitii Namangut boz 13 maydon kashf shudand, ki nisbati mavjudiyati zakhirahoi sanoatii tantal, niobiy, berilliy, tseziy, litiy, qalagi va unsurhoi nodirzamini guruhi oyandador buda, ahamiyati strategi dorand. Ba onho maydonhoi pegmatitdori Kolkhozobod – Taglikhkhas, Pish – Hidorjev, Vezdara, Kurustiki Markazi, Kurustiki Asosi, Porjuz, SHevchor, YAsnogor, Agajon, SHazud – Duzakhdara va Bogchagir dokhil meshavand.
  9. Maydoni pegmatitii Kolkhozobod – Taglikhkhas dar nishebii shimolu garbii katorkuhi SHugnon joygir buda, masohatash 15 km2-ro tashkil medihad. Dar hududi in maydon 335 tanahoi pegmatitii namudi gunogun muayyan shudaand. Gafsii tanahoi pegmatiti az 1 to 60 metr, daroziashon boshad 20 – 650 metr tashkil medihand. Fayznokii tantal (Ta2O5) az 0,02 to 0,029 foiz (fayznokii miyona 0,024 foiz), berilliy (Vi2O5) az 0,044 to 0,054 foiz tagyir meyobad.
  10. Maydoni pegmatitii Pish – Hidorjev az janubu garb ba shimolu sharq tul kashida, daroziash 55 km va barash 3-4 km-ro tashkil medihad. Dar hududi in maydon 453 raghoi pegmatiti muayyan shudaast, ki az hama khubtar omukhtashudaash mintaqai Pish – Hidorchev ast. In mintaqa dar qullai qatorkuhi Vakhon joygir meboshad. Dar maydoni 4 km2 85 raghoi pegmatitii namudi gunogun muayyan karda shudaand. Raghoi pegmatiti gunogunshakl buda daroziashon az 5 to 350 metr va gafsiashon 2 – 50 metrro tashkil medihand. Ragho chunin fayznoki dorand (foiz): okisi berilliy0,042 – 0,55, pentaokisi niobiy – 0,005 – 0,006, pentaokisi tantal – 0,005, okisi litiy – 0,57, okisi rubidiy – 0,06.
  11. Maydoni pegmatitii Vezdara dar hududi nohiyai Rushon, dar boloobi shokhobi chapi daryoi Vezdara joygir meboshad. Dar sokhti geologii maydon tahshinhoi metamorfi, kvarsitho va regsanghoi kvarsi ishtirok menamoyand. Dar hududi in maydon 13 raghoi pegmatitii metallhoi nodirn du shakla: muskovit-albiti bo spodumen va spodumen-albiti muayyan shudaand. Raghoi pegmatiti gunogunshakl buda, gafsiashon az 6 to 60 metr, daroziashon az 25 to 350 metrro tashkil medihand. Ragho chunin fayznoki dorand (foiz): dar pegmatithoi muskovit-albiti – pentaokisi tantal – 0,003 – 0,008, pentaokisi niobiy – 0,006 – 0,007, okioi berilliy0,01 – 0,062 va dar pegmatithoi spodumen-albiti – pentaokisi tantal 0,003 – 0,07, pentaokisi niobiy – 0,003 – 0,009, okisi litiy – 0,006 – 0,78.
  12. Maydoni pegmatitii Kurustik dar nishebiichapi vodii daryoi Kurustik joygir meboshad. Mintaqai Asosi dar qismi janubu sharqii shokhai kuhi Oqbur, dar qismi boloii sohili chapi daryoi Sulyujilga, ki shokhobi chapi daryoi Kurustik meboshad, joygir shudaast. Dar mintaqa du namudi degmatitho: albiti va lepidolit – albiti bo gafsii az 0,5 to 2,53 metr judo karda shudaand, ki az 10 to 25 – 30 metr tul mekashand. Dar mintaqa 47 raghoi peshatitii gunogunshakl bo fayznokii miyonai pentaokisi tantal – 0,02 foiz, pentaokisi niobiy – 0,012 foiz, okisi litiy – 0,026 foiz, okisi rubidiy – 0,023 foiz muayyan shudand. Zakhirahoi peshakii pentaokisi tantal – 21,8 tonna, pentaokisi niobiy – 11,1 tonna, okisi rubidiy – 76,1 tonnaro tashkil medihand.
  13. Maydoni pegmatitii Porjuz dar boloobi daryoi Porjuz voqe meboshad. Dar on 6 ragi pegmatiti metallhoi nodiri shakli muskovitalbiti be spodumen va bo spodumen muayyan karda shudaand. Pegmatitho ragmonand va linzamonand bo regsanghoi metamorfiyu varaqsangho mutanosib khobidaand. Gafsii jinshoi madani az 1,5 – 6 metr to 2060 metr bo darozii az 25 – 70 to 250 – 300 metr meboshad. Mineralhoi metallhoi nodir az mangan – tantalit, kolumbit – tantalit, kassiterit, berillii natriydor, ambligonit – montebrazit va kamtar spodumen iborat meboshand. Fayznokii pentaokisi tantal – 0,017 – 0,02 foiz, niobiy – to 0,01 foiz buda, zakhirahoi pentaokisi tantal peshaki to 200220 tonna baho doda meshavad.
  14. Maydoni pegmatitii YAsnogor dar miyonaobi daryoi Jalan, shokhobi rosti daryoi Sasiksu, dar bayni gneyshoi biotiti va biotitshpati sahroi joygir shudaand. Raghoi pegmatiti doroi tantalit, kolumbit, fergyusonit, samarskit, pirokhlori sirkon, litiy va berilliyi dona – donai mahin meboshand. Fayznokii pentaokisi tantal az 0,01 to 0,056 foiz; pentaokisi niobiy – 0,02 – 1,35 foiz; metallhoi nodirzamin0,01-3 foiz; sirkoniy to 1 foiz meboshad. Zakhirahoi oyandadori pentaokisi tantal 225 tonna, pentaokisi niobiy 2700 tonnaro tashkil medihand.
  15. Maydoni pegmatitii Agajon dar boloobi daryoi Agajonjilga joygir ast. Dar hududi maydon dar bayni regsanghoi kvarsitmonand 5 raghoi peshatitii takhtasang va linzamonand muayyan shudaand. Gafsii ragho az 7 to 25 metr tagyir yofta, daroziashon az 50 to 300 metr tagyir meyoband. Pegmatitho pentalit – mikroklini buda, mineralhoi metallhoi nodir dar barobari pentalit bo tantalit, kolumbit – tantalit va berill aloqamand meboshand. Dar raghoi pegmatiti pentaokisi tantal bo fayznokii miyonai 0,0174 foiz mavjud meboshad.
  16. Maydoni peshatitii SHazud – Duzakhdara 102 km sharqtar az shahri Horug, dar mavzei daryohoi Gund va Toquzbuloq joygir meboshad. Hududi maydon bo balandihoi mutlaqi 3150 – 4600 metr 21 km2 tashkil medihad. Maydoni madandor ba paydoishhoi ultrametamorfogenii kompleksi Bachor (T3) vobasta ast. Madani metallhoi nodir dar metasomatithoi granitoidi ba namudi tanahoi linza va qabatshakl mahdud gardidaand. Gafsii tanahoi madandor dar metasomatitho 0,530 metr (gafsii miyona 2 metr), daroziashon to 100 metr (darozii miyona 50 metr) buda, bo pahnoii 1,2 km ba darozii 7 km pahn shudaand. Fayznokii unsurhoi nodirzamin, aslan guruhi tseriy, to 6,1 foiz merasad. Dar raghoi kvarsi jamshavii balandi pentaokisi tantal to 0,022 foiz, pentaokisi niobiy to 0,025 foiz, ittriy to 0,2 foiz va toriy to 0,952 foiz muayyan karda shudaand. Jami gafsii tanho bo mineralizatsiyai nodirzamini 200 metr meboshad. Zakhiraho bo darnazardoshti pahnshavii nobarobari metasomatntho to jarfi 500 metr va darozii 6700 metr arzyobi gardidaand. Zakhirahoi peshbinishuda bo fayznokii unsurhoi nodirzamin 0,3 foiz; pentaokisi tantal 0,005 foiz; ittriy 0,0075 foiz az rui kategoriyai R2 – 450 mln. tonna meboshand. Hamin tavr, zakhirahoi unsurhoi nodirzamini guruhi tseriy -1,4 haz. tonna, pentaokisi tantal – 22,5 haz.tonna, ittriy – 33,8 haz. tonnaro tashkil medihand.
  17. Maydoni pegmatitii Bogchagir dar bayni daryohoi Alichur va Sulu – Tagarqaqi joygir shuda, bo kompleksi granitoidi pomir-shugnoni intruzivi YAshilkul vobasta ast. Dar masohati maydon du mintaqa judo karda shudaand: mintaqai Kuntumish dar vodii daryoi Kuntumish nazdikii rezishi in daryo ba daryoi Sulu – Tagarqaqi. Dar maydoni 28 km2 ziyoda az 50 jinshoi pegmatitii takhtasangmonand muayyan karda shudaand. Mineralizatsiyai metallhoi nodir dar pegmatitho bo mintaqahoi albitizatsiyashavi vobasta buda, aslan az zarrahoi khurda berill va kolumbit – tantalit iborat meboshand. Fayznokii metallho chunin ast (foiz): okisi berilliy 0,007 – 0,014 (miyona 0,07), pentaokisi tantal 0,002 – 0,004 (miyona 0,003), pentaokisi niobiy 0,003-0,007 (miyona 0,004) va okisi litiy do 1 foiz. Mintaqai Ortabuz dar nishebii rosti vodii daryoi Suulu-Tagarqaqi dar maydoni 23 km2 joygir buda, az 70 raghoi qabatmonandi pegmatit va aplit – pegmatitho iborat meboshad. Gafsii ragho az – 0,1 to 25 metrro tashkil medihand. Mineralizatsiyai metallhoi nodir aslan bo mikroklini albitnok vobasta ast. Dar 30 raghoi omukhtashuda fayznokii (foiz) pentaokisi tantal 0,006 – 0,007 (miyona 0,007), pentaokisi niobiy 0,003 – 0,004 (miyona 0,003) va okisi litiy to 1 foizro tashkil medihad.

5. Tavsifi manbahoi ashyoi minerali dar mintaqaho

  1. Viloyati Sugd. Qari zamini viloyati Sugd az kandanihoi foidanoki gunogun nihoyat boy meboshad. Dar hududi viloyat (26,1 haz. km2) konhoi surb va ruh, vismut, molibden va volfram, surma, stronsiy, tillo, nuqra, ohan, qalagi, simob, angishtsang, naft va gaz, namaki oshi, flyuorit, sangi sokhtmoni va digar namudhoi ashyoi minerali baroi industriyai sokhtmon, obhoi zerizaminii oshomidani, minerali, termali va sanoati, ozokerit va sanghoi zargari muayyan gardidaand. Bo in zaminai ashyoiyu minerali dar viloyat sohahoi gunoguni khojagii khalq tashkil gardidaand va rushd meyoband, az jumla kuhiyu madani, suzishvori, energetiki, sokhtmoni, khojagii dehot, korkardi sang va gayra. Doirai joygirshavii jugrofi korkhonahoe, ki ashyoi mineraliro istifoda mebarand, vase gardida, imruz on qarib hamai nohiyahoi viloyatro faro megirad.
  2. Viloyati Hatlon. Solhoi guzashta dar hududi viloyati Hatlon (24,6 haz.km2) konhoi gunoguni ashyoi minerali – naft va gaz, namaki oshi, mavodi sokhtmoni, ashyo baroi istehsoli sement, obhoi minerali va garm, madanhoi surbu ruh, stronsiy, tilloi poshkhurda va digar namudhoi ashyoi minerali, ki dar sanoat va khojagii khalqi jumhuri istifoda meshavand, kashf shudand. Vazi kununii zaminai ashyoi mineralii iqtisodiyoti viloyat, chun dar tamomi jumhuri, nisbat ba ehtiyojote, ki marhilai imruzai rushdi istemoli taqozo menamoyad, aqib mondaast. Az in ru davom dodani korhoi justujui va iktishofi geologii namudhoi ashyoi minerali, ki baroi khojagii khalq va sanoat afzaliyatnok meboshand, zarur ast.
  3. Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon. Dar hududi viloyat (63,7 haz.km2) dar solhoi gunogun konho va zuhuroti oyandadori 23 namudi kandanihoi foidanok, az jumla ohan, margans, mis, tilloi tahjoi, qalagi, volfram, ashyoi az gilkhok (oksidi alyuminiy) boy, inchunin gilho baroi istehsoli khisht, ashyoi sementi, zuhuroti oyandadori nuqra, koni kalontarini ashyoi borosilikati, namak, molibden, vismut, asbest, ashyo baroi istehsoli ohak, agloporitva vaslkunandai gayrisementi, keramzit, regu shagal va reg muayyan va iktishof gardidaand. Gayr az in dar hududi viloyat obhoi ziyodi minerali va termali mavjudand.
  4. Nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri. Omuzishi geologii muttasili hududi nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri dar majmu az soli 1932 ogoz gardidaast. Az hamin davra to imruz dar in hudud (28,7 haz.km2) konhoi gunoguni kandanihoi foidanok – ashyo baroi istehsoli sement, mavodi sokhtmoni, obhoi minerali va termali, konhoi pegmatithoi khrustaldor va qalagidor, ohan (magnetit), volfram, qalagi, taillo, surb, ruh, flyuorit, madanhoi radioaktivi, alyuminiy, fosforit, gilhoi ba otash tobovar, regsanghoi kvarsi, angisht (sangin va antrasit) va gayra kashf gardidand.

Bisyore az namudhoi nombarshudai kandanihoi foidanok hamchun zaminai ashyoi dar korkhonahoi amalkunandai madantozakuii kuhi va digar korkhonahoi sanoati istifoda burda meshavand. Boyad zikr kard, ki zakhirahoi ashyoi mineralii hududi tavsifshavanda hanuz dar sanoat va khojagii khalq purra istifoda karda nameshavand.

6. Fondhoi asosi, tajhizoti tekhniki va zaminai laboratori

  1. Guzaronidani korhoi iktishofii geologi, sari vaqt, samaranok va khushsifat ijro namudani vazifahoi dar Barnoma guzoshtashuda az bisyor jihat ba darajai tajhizonii tekhnikii soha aloqamand meboshad. Az in ru, boyad tajhizot, vositahoi naqliyot va tekhnikai zaminkobi muntazam nav karda shavand. Navsozii vositahoi asosi (tajhizot, vositahoi naqliyot va tekhnikai zaminkobi, ki hangomi marhilahoi justujui va justujuiyu arzyobii korhoi iktishofii geologi istifodashavanda) ham az hisobi mablaghoi Bujeti davlati, bo rohi har sol judo namudani mablagho az rui moddai “mablagguzorii asosi”, ham az hisobi manbahoi digaristifodai mablaghoi sarmoyaguzoron, jalbi granthoi baynalmilali (asosan baroi kharidi tajhizoti laboratori, tekhnikai kompyuteri va taminoti barnomavii onho) imkonpazir meboshad (zamimai 2).
  2. Tajhizoti laboratori inchunin ba navsozi va tamir ehtiyoj dorand. Tajhizoti mavjuda hamatarafa kuhna shudaand va tamiri tajhizoti nuqsondor imkon nadorad, zero onho az istehsolot bardoshta shuda, qismhoi takmili va ehtiyotii onho mavjud nest. Az in ru, kharidi tajhizoti laboratorii navi daqiqi muosir muvofiqi maqsad ast (zamimai 3).

7. Samti korhoi iktishofii geologi va natijahoi peshbinishavanda

  1. Korhoi justujui va justujuiyu arzyobii metallhoi nodir va unsurhoi hamsafar (unsurhoi nodirzamini guruhi tseriy) marhila ba marhila guzaronida shuda, az hisobi mablaghoi bujeti mablagguzori meshavand.
  2. Dar Barnoma asosnokkunii zakhiraho (R3, R2) bo darnazardoshti namudhoi sanoatiyu geologii zuhurot va darajai oyandadorii onho muayyan arzyoby karda shudaand.
  3. Muvofiqi Barnoma dar navbati avval guzaronidani korhoi justujuii miqyosi 1:25000 bo arzyobii zakhiraho va badan guzaronidani korhoi justujuiyu arzyobi bo hisobi zakhirahoi kategoriyahoi S2 va R1 ba naqsha girifta shudaast.
  4. Korhoi justujui dar se maydoni pegmatitdor: SHazud Duzakhdara, Nazarayloq va intruziyai Hodango guzaronida khohand shud va korhoi justujuiyu arzyobi boshad, dar zuhuroti Namangut, Gapirov va YAsnogor ba naqsha girifta shudaand.
  5. Hajmi mablaghoi zaruri va taqsimoti solonai on dar zamimahoi 4 va 5 ovarda shudaand.

Zamimahoi 1-5

Zamimai1

ba Barnomai davlatii omuzish va

arzyobii zakhirahoi metalnhoi nodir

baroi solhoi 2016-2026

                              Tavsifi maydonhoi pegmatitdori mintaqai Markazi

 

Maydoni oyandador (km2) Holati zakhirahoi peshguishuda, haz. t. Fayznoki, % Natijai peshbinishavanda
 

 

 

 

Hamagi Az on jumla  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R2 Rz  

 

 

 

1 Qarosu (295)
tantal 3,0 3,0 0,012 kon
niobiy 7,0 7,0 0,024 zuhurot
2 Agbasoy (550)
tantal 15,0 15,0 kon
niobiy 400,0 400,0 kon
3 Payron (575)
tantal 7,0 7,0 0,012 kon
niobiy 14,0 14,0 0,024 zuhurot
4 Rokhshif (125)
tantal 7,0 7,0 0,056 kon
niobiy 370,0 370,0 2,96 kon
5 Tro-Samchon (150)
tantal 0,04 0,04 0,0002 zuhurot
niobiy 0,12 0,12 0,0008 zuhurot
6 CHindon-Dakodang (462,5)
tantal 5,7 5,7 0,012 kon
niobiy 11,36 11,36 0,024 zuhurot
7 Nazarayloq (1725)
tantal 234,0 38,0 196,0 0,135
niobiy 5118,0 247,0 4871,0 2,96
8 Ishtansaldin (125)
tantal 7,0 7,0 0,056 kon
niobiy 370,0 370,0 2,96 kon
9 Ermazor(350)
tantal 46,5 10,0 36,5 0,132
niobiy 460,0 50,0 410,0 1,31
10 YOsuman (375)
tantal 18,0 18,0 18,0 0,048
niobiy 157,0 157,0 0,418
11 Barzangi (785,5)
tantal 13,5 13,5 0,017 kon
niobiy 137,0 137,0 0,173 kon
12 Kamarsu (550)
tantal 39,0 39,0 0,071
niobiy 724,0 724,0 1,317
13 Honaqo (495)
tantal 35,0 35,0 0,071 kon
niobiy 652,0 652,0 1,317 Kon
14 Voydara
tantal 28,0 28,0 0,071 koni khurd
niobiy 527,0 527,0 1,317 koni miyona
15 Hojildiyor
tantal 7,0 7,0 0,012 kon
niobiy 15,0 15,0 0,024 zuhurot

                                         Zamimai 2

ba Barnomai davlatii omuzish va

arzyobii zakhirahoi metallhoi nodir

baroi solhoi 2016-2026

Ruykhati tajhizoti geologi, dastgohhoi parmakuni va vositahoi naqliyoti  somoni

Nomguy CHenak Miqdor Narkh
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

vohid hamagi
1 Tajhizoti havofishordihandai tamgai PK-9 dona 3 120000 360000
2 Tajhizoti havofishordihandai tamgai PR-4 dona 3 28000 84000
3 Tajhizoti parmagarii dasti dona 3 16000 48000
4 Tajhizot baroi barovardani jinshoi kuhi dona 3 22400 67200
5 Dastgohi parmagarii kolonkavii namudi HU-1 dona 3 75000 225000
6 Dastgohi parmagarii kolonkavii namudi HU-2 dona 3 130000 390000
7 Tekhnikai rohsozi (buldozeri tamgai B-10M) dona 3 720000 2160000
8 Poygohi obkashii NB-32 dona 3 52000 156000
9 Avtomashinai sabukrav dona 3 103400 310200
10 Avtomashinai harjogard dona 3 284320 852960
11 Radiometri tamgai SRP- 69-01 dona 3 10340 31020
Hamagi 4684380

Zamimai 3

 ba Barnomai davlatii omuzish va

arzyobsh zakhirahoi metallhoi nodir

           baroi solhoi 2016-2026

                                        Ruykhati tahizothoi laboratori somoni

Tajhizot CHenak Miqdor Narkh
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

vohid hamagi
12 Spektrometri emissionni bo kamonaki jarayoni doimi dona 1 930600 930600
13 Spektrometri rentgeniyu spektrali dona 1 2060000 2060000
Hamagi 2990600

    Zamimai 4

ba Barnomai davlatii omuzish va

arzyobii zakhirahoi metallhoi nodir

baroi solhoi 2016-2026

Mablagguzorii Barnoma az hisobi sarmoyai davlati baroi solhoi 2016-2026 somoni

Nomguy Arzishi ■ korho 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2016-2026
 

 

 

 

 

 

Naqsha Naqsha Naqsha Naqsha Naqsha Naqsha Naqsha Naqsha Naqsha Naqsha  

 

Mablagguzorii asosi 2059893 2059893
Limiti mablagguzori ba korhoi iktishofii geologi 34580000 345000 3870000 3020000 3983000 4200000 4205000 3997000 3950000 3773000 2287000 34580000
1 Korhoi justujui-arzyobi dar zuhroti Namangut 3700000 37000 370000 370000. 383000 500000 500000 400000 400000 370000 370000 3700000
2 Korhoi jusgujui-arzyobi dar zuhuroti Gapirov 5300000 53000 600000 600000 600000 700000 700000 647000 600000 500000 300000 5300000
3 Korhoi justujui-arzyobi dar zuhuroti YAsnogor 8190000 81000 950000 950000 950000 950000 950000 950000 950000 950000 509000 8190000
4 Korhoi justujui dar maydoni pegmatitdori SHazud-Duzakhdara 8190000 82000 950000 950000 950000 950000 950000 950000 950000 950000 508000 8190000
5 Korhoi justujui dar intruziyai Hodango 4500000 45000 500000 550000 550000 550000 555000 500000 500000 500000 250000 4500000
6 Korhoi justujui dar maydoni Nazarayloq  4700000 47000 500000 550000 550000 550000 550000 550000 550000 503000 350000 4700000

   Zamimai 5

ba Barnomai davlatii omuzish va

arzyobii zakhirahoi metallhoi nodir

baroi solhoi 2016-2026

                           Mablagguzorii Barnoma az hisobi sarmoyaguzoriho baroi solhoi 2016-2026

Nomgu Joygirshavi Kandanii foidanok Holati zakhirahoi oyandador, t Marhilai omuzish Mablagguzorii peshbinishavanda   somoni
1 Korhoi justujui dar maydoni pegmatitdori Kurustik

 

 

 

Mintaqai Janubu SHarqi

 

 

 

Tantal 21,8 Korhoi justujui va justujui-arzyobi

 

 

 

27000000
 

 

Niobiy 11,1  

 

 

 

Rubidiy 76,1  

 

2 Korhoi justujui dar maydoni pegmatitdori Porchuz Mintaqai Janubu SHarqi Tantal 200,0 Korhoi justujuii daqiq va arzyobi 22000000
3 Korkhoi justujui dar maydoni metallhoi nodiri Ishtansaldin

 

 

Mintaqai Markazi

 

 

Tantal 7,0 Korhoi justujui va justujui-arzyobi

 

 

18000000
 

 

Niobiy 370,0  

 

4 Korhoi justqjui dar maydoni peshatitdori Payron

 

 

Mintaqai Markazi

 

 

Tantal 7,0 Korhoi justujui va justujui-arzyobi

 

 

19000000
 

 

Niobiy 14,0  

 

5 Korhoi justujui dar maydoni metallhoi nodiri YOrmazor

 

 

Mintaqai Markazi

 

 

Tantal 46,5 Korhoi justujui va justujui-arzyobi

 

 

23500000
 

 

Niobiy 460,0  

 

6 Korhoi justujui dar maydoni metallhoi nodiri Rokhshif

 

Mintakai Markazi

 

 

Tantal 7,0 Korhoi justujuii daqiq va arzyobi

 

 

20500000
 

 

Niobiy 370,0  

 

 

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