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BARNOMAHOI STANDARTII WINDOWS. TAHRIRGARI MATNII BLOKNOT

Programmahoi standarti. Aslan az sistemahoi operatsioni talab karda nameshavad, ki onho dar tarkibi khud vositahoi ijroi masalahoi mushakhkhasi amaliro doshta boshand. Baroi halli chunin masalaho taminoti programmavii amali mavjud ast. Vazifai asosii sistemahoi operatsioni – tamini aloqai bayni istifodabaranda, tajhizot va programmaho ba hisob meravad. Novobasta ba in, dar tarkibi sistemai operatsionii Windows majmui mahdudi programmahoi amali peshbini karda shudaand, ki onho dar halli masalahoi oddi va zud-zud vokhuranda ba tavri vase istifoda burda meshavand. In guna programmahoro zamimahoi standartii Windows meguyand.

bloknot-windows

Omuzishi programmahoi standartii Windows imkoniyat medihad, ki azkhudkunii vositahoi programmavii makhsusgar donidashuda tezonida shavad. Ba programmahoi standartii Windows tahrirgari matnii Bloknot, tahrirgari grafikii Paint, protsessori matnii WordPad, programmai Kalkulya tor va gayra dokhil meshavand. Faylhoi in programmaho dar papkai Windows mahfuz buda, ba vositai Menyui asosii sis-tema yo programmahoi Kompyuteri man va Rohbalad ba kor darovarda meshavand.

Programmai Bloknot. Programmai Bloknot – tahrirgari matni ba hisob rafta, baroi aznazarguza- ronii faylhoi matnii tipi .TXT, sokhtani hujjathoi na chandon kalon va azkhudkunii tugmahoi klaviatura isti foda burda meshavad. In programmaro bo yorii komandai Menyui asosii sistema ba kor darovardan mumkin ast:

PuskProgrammi StandartnieBloknot

(OgozProgrammahoStandartiBloknot). Ravzanai blok not dar rasmi 42 ovarda shudaast.

Tarzi dokhilkunii matn bo yorii Bloknot khele oddi ast. Baroi dokhilkunii matni yagon hujjat beshtar az bloki harfi-raqamii klaviatura istifoda mebarand. Hangomi ba

kanori rosti ravzanai programma rasidani matn, istifo-dabaranda boyad tugmai Enter -ro pakhsh namoyad. Agar u khohad, ki matn ba tavri avtomati az satr ba satr guzaronida sha-vad, on goh u boyad az komandai menyui ravzana Prav-kaPerenos po slovam (TahrirGuzarish az rui kalimaho) istifoda barad. Mavqei dokhilkunii simvolhoi matn dar satr bo yorii kursor (alomati ) muayyan karda meshavad.

Ravzanai programmai Bloknot Bloknot imkoniyat medihad, ki matni hujjat ba vositai tanho yake az namudhoi hurufho dokhil karda shavad. Intikho-bi huruf, andoza va tarzi zohirshavii huruf (muqarrari, kursiv, gafs va gafsu kursiv) bo yorii komandai menyui ravzanai on PravkaSHrift (TahrirHuruf) idora karda meshavad.

Rasmi 43. Ravzanai robitavii huruf Hujjati sokhtashudaro bo yorii komandai FaylSokhranit kak (FaylSabtkuni hamchun) dar khotira (vinchester yo disket) nigoh doshtan mumkin ast (Rasmi 44). Agar ba fayli hujjat nom naguzored, on goh sistema ba on nomi Bezimyan niy.txt doda, onro dar papkai Moi dokumenti (Hujjathoi man) nigoh medorad. Nomi fayl dar maydonchai Imya fayla (Nomi fayl)-i ravzanai robitavii Sokhranenie (Nigohdori) dokhil karda meshavad. Pas az dokhilkunii nomi fayl boyad tugmai komandavii Sokhranit (Sabtkuni)-i ravzana pakhsh karda shavad. Pas az tahrirhoi oyandai fayli hujjat, baroi nigohdorii on kifoya ast, ki komandai FaylSokhranit (FaylSabtkuni) istifoda burda shavad. Baroi tahrirkunii matni hujjat, shumo boyad takroran ba mavzui klaviatura (sinfi 8) murojiat namoed. Agar shumo hangomi tahrirkunii matn tugmai funk-sionalii F5 –ro pakhsh namoed, on goh dar matni hujjataton ba tavri avtomati tarikhi ruz va vaqti jori ilova karda meshavad. Baroi kushodani fayli hujjat boshad, komandai FaylOtkrit

(FaylKushoda shavad) khizmat merasonad.

Rasmi 44. Ravzanai robitavii sabtkuni

Savolho:

  1. CHi guna programmahoro programmahoi standartii Windows menomand?
  2. Ba programmahoi standartii Windows kadom programmaho dokhil meshavand?
  3. Programmai Bloknot baroi ijrokunii kadom vazifaho peshbini karda shudaast?
  4. Programmai Bloknotro chi tavr ba kor darovardan mumkin ast?
  5. Oyo dar matni hujjathoi bo yorii Bloknot sokhtashuda hurufhoi gunogunro istifoda burdan mumkin ast?
  1. Baroi dar diski vinchester sabt namudani matni hujjati bo yorii Bloknot sokhtashuda az kadom komanda istifoda burdan lozim ast?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned, mazmuni mukhtasari onro dar daftar navised va onro naql kuned.
  2. Az Menyui asosii Windows istifoda burda programmai Bloknotro ba kor darored va dar mavzui «Tojikiston vatani man ast» ba vositai klaviatura 15 jumlai nachandon kalonro ba kompyuter dokhil namoed.
  3. Matni dokhilkardashudaro dar papkai khususii khud bo nomi Vatan sabt namoed.
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