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BARQSHIFOi

barkshifoiBARQSHIFOi, istifodai jarayoni elektr, maydonhoi elektriyu elektromagniti bo maqsadi muolija va peshgirii bemoriho; yake az faslhoi fizioterapiya. B.-ro dukhtur tain mekunad.
Dar amaliyai tib beshtar jarayoni doimii elektrro ba kor mebarand, ki shiddati past va quvvai kam dorad va beist yo dar fosilai muayyan bo impulshoi judogona doda meshavad. Jarayoni elektr ba organizm tavassuti lavhachahoi filizi (elektrodho) va matoi nam, ki ba joyhoi muayyani badan meguzorand, tasir mekunad.
Hangomi istifodai jarayoni shiddatash past – galvanizatsiya dar boftahoi hamon joi badan, ki bayni elektrodho voqe ast, ionho ba harakat omada, dar hujayra ravandhoi fizikiyu khimiyavi tagyir meyoband. Dar natija gardishi khun behtar va dard sabuk shuda, boftahoi osebdida zud barqaror megardand. CHunin holat hangomi muolija bo jarayoni impulsi zudtar ba amal meoyad. Binobar in jarayoni impulsiro baroi rafi dard, hangomi ikhtiloli khob, tamrini mushakhoi zaif va g. istifoda mekunand. Agar qabati zeri elektrodro ba mahluli doru tar kunem, tasiri jarayoni doimii pastshiddat quvvat megirad va doru tavassuti jarayon az pusti osebdida ba boftaho guzashta, ba organizm tasiri dilkhoh merasonad. In usul elektroforezi dorui nom dorad. Bemor hangomi galvanizatsiya va elektroforezi dorui dar zeri elektrodho yak nav sikhzanii mavzun va dar mavridi istifodai jarayoni impulsi larzishi sabuk va kashishi bedardi mushakhoro his mekunad.
Istifodai jarayoni tagyiryobandai impulsii shiddat va basomadash balandro darsonvalizatsiya meguyand (az nomi olimi fransavi d’Arsonval, ki in usulro peshnihod kardaast). Jarayon tavassuti elektrodhoi shishagi tasir merasonad (onhoro hangomi muolija bo gazi durakhshanda – neon pur mekunand). Dar bayni pust va elektrod bezaryadii kutoh ruy medihad va nughoi asabi pustro ba angezish meorad. Dar natija gardishi khun va tagziyai boftaho behtar gardida, dard kam meshavad.
Muolija tavassuti maydoni tagyiryobandai magnitii basomadash pastro magnitoterapiya menomand; dar in hol bemorro tavassuti induktorho – elektromagnithoe, ki dar joyhoi illatnoki badan guzoshta meshavand, muolija mekunand. Maydoni tagyiryobandai magniti ba boftaho nufuz karda, boisi tagyiroti gunoguni fizikiyu khimiyavi megardad. Dar mavridi in dard sabuk va khorishu varami boftaho kam shuda, ragho vase megardand, ustukhonhoi shikasta ba ham meoyand.
Istifodai maydoni tagyiryobandai magnitii basomadash baland induktotermiya nom dorad. Dar in hol jarayoni elektr tavassuti induktor – sime, ki chun spiral rui badan guzoshta meshavad, tasir merasonad. Jarayoni elektr dar atrofi sim maydoni elektri ba vujud meorad. Hangomi muolija bemor dar zeri induktor garmi his mekunad. Induktotermiya tasiri ziddiiltihobi doshta, hassosiyatro past (nig. Allergiya) va raghoro vase mekunad, dardro taskin mebakhshad.
Franklinizatsiya usuli muolijaest, ki omili tasirbakhshi on maydoni doimii balandshiddati elektri meboshad. Bemorro tavassuti elektrodhoi suzandori makhsus, ki dar boloi sar yo joyhoi osebdidai badan (jarohat, resh) meguzorand, tabobat mekunand. Dar maydoni elektri molekulahoi havo tajziya meyoband va aeroionhoi zaryadashon beshtar manfi ba vujud meoyand. Nafas giriftani aeroionho hangomi baze bemoriho tasiri musoid dorad. Havo jarayoni elektrro intihol mekunad va razryadi «orom»-i elektr ba vujud meoyad. Dar natijai in tadbirho nafaskashi amiq, vazi asab, khob va kayfiyati bemor behtar meshavad.
Muolija tavassuti maydoni tagyiryobandai elektrii favqulbasomad UVCH-terapiya nom dorad. Jarayon tavassuti lavhahoi kondensatori, ki dar boloi joyhoi osebdidai badan meguzorand, ba organizm tasir merasonad. Maydoni elektrii UVCH tasiri oshkoroi ziddi iltihobi va ziddi bakteriyavi doshta, raghoro vase, tagziyai boftahoro khub, dardro kam mekunad.
Muolijai mikromavjiro, ki dar on maydoni elektromagnitii basomadi favqulbaland istifoda meshavad, tavassuti nurafkanhoi gunogunshakl meguzaronand. Dar mavridi muolija bemoron garmiro his mekunand. Energiyai afkanishot ba badan to 9 sm vorid shuda, raghoro vase va tagziyai boftahoro behtaru dardro kam mesozad.
Diatermiya usuli digari B. buda, dar in hol boftaho tavassuti jarayoni elektri basomadash baland garm karda meshavand. Holo ba joi on usulhoi behtarini muolija – induktotermiya va muolijai mikromavji istifoda megardand.
Usulhoi B. boisi dard nameshavand, lekin hangomi istifodai onho rioyai baze qoidaho zarur ast. Muolija pas az 1 – 1,5 soati istemoli gizo tavsiya meshavad. Hangomi muolija dast rasondan ba dastgoh, batareyaho, kranho va g. mumkin nest. Bemor boyad daroz kashad (yo nishinad), nakhobad, chize nakhonad, elektrodhoro najunbonad, dar mavridi paydo shudani ehsosi nokhush ba hamshirai tibbi yo dukhtur murojiat kunad. Hangomi B. dar badani bemor boyad porahoi metall, tir va dar libosash ashyoi filizi naboshad. Dandonhoi filizi ba istifodai elektrodho mone nameshavand, zero dar in hol shiddati tasir khele pas ast. Bad az B. kamash nim soat istirohat boyad kard. Badi muolija bo mikromavj, UVCH va induktotermiya, ki kas bisyor garm meshavad, vaqti berun baromadan khudro az shamolkhuri ehtiyot kardan lozim ast.

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