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BANGI DEVONA

bangi-devonaBANGI DEVONA (Datura stramonium), ajinakhorak, totura, shonai ajina, javzi masil, giyohest yaksola. To 1,5 m qad mekashad. Poyai rosti sershokh, bargi darozruyai parrador, guli qifshakli safed, guzai bayzashakli sershokh, tukhmi gurdashakli siyoh dorad. Az apr. to okhiri tiramoh gulu meva mekunad. B. d. giyohi baso zahrnok va badbuy buda, hamchun alafi begona dar bogu kishtzor, zaminhoi partov, qad – qadi juybor, sohili daryo, kanori rohho meruyad. Dar Tojikiston dar hama jo (gayr az Pomiri SHarqi) pahn shudaast. Bargi B. d. ashyoi khomi doruvori ast. Onro dar davrai gulshukufti rastani megundorand.
Dar khususi tasiri B. d. ba organizm dar dastnavishoi Misr ishora shudaast. Olimi YUnoni Qadim Teofrast B. d.-ro chun zahri ba vujud orandai junun tavsif namudaast. Abualii Sino qayd karda, ki B. d. kasro mastu madhush mekunad va baroi magzi saru dil ziyonovar ast. Ba aqidai Aburayhoni Beruni yak donak (0,531 g) tukhmi B. d. kasro mast mekunad va yak misqoli on (4,250 g) odamro mekushad.
Dar tibbi khalqi tukhmi B. d.-ro baroi tayyor kardani doruhoi murakkab istifoda mebarand. Bo jushobi tukhmi B. d. hangomi dardi dandon, sardard va tablarza dahonro obgardon mekunand, onro dar vaqti dardi sakhti dil, meda (bazan hangomi dardi takhtapushtu sina) chun vositai dardbar va khobovar kor mefarmoyand. Baze tabibon B. d.-ro baroi muolijai ziqi nafas, saromos va chun vositai taskinbakhsh hangomi bemorihoi asabu ruhi, nevralgiya, tarbodu radikuliti muzmin tavsiya medihand. Dar gomeopatiya on baroi tabobati bemorihoi ruhi, kuzoz, sar, falaj, sarsom, sulfakabutak istifoda meshavad. Javhari spirtii tukhmi B. d.-ro bazan hangomi bemorii saraton tavsiya medihand. Doruhoi B. d. («astmatin», «astmatol», «solutan»)-ro dar tibbi muosir baroi davoi ziqi nafas, amrozi asabu ruhi, tarbod, nevralgiya va g. kor mefarmoyand.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh priminenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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