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BAND

bandBAND (Articulatio), mafsil, payvandi mutaharriki bayni ustukhonho yo tagoyakro guyand, ki bayni onho rog (diartrozho) mavjud ast. B. yak tarzi payvast shudani ustukhonhost. Payvandi beharakati ustukhonhoro vasla (sinartroz) menomand. B. hamzamon vazifai takya va harakatro niz ijro mekunad. B. az intiho (sathi ustukhon), khalta va javf iborat ast. Dar beshtarin mavridho yak tarafi B. barjasta va tarafi digari on furukhamida meboshad. B. gayr az unsurhoi asosi, hamchunin hosilahoi yovar niz dorad (mas., disk, isfanj, mohak va g.). Intihoi ustukhonhoi B. dar khaltai B. joygir shudaast. Haltai B. az boftai payvandi hosil meshavad. Andaruni onro pardai zuloli (sinoviali) faro giriftaast. Pardai zuloli az khud shilm judo karda, lagjishi bemoneai B.-ro tamin menamoyad.
B. az hisobi shokhchahoi nazdiktarini arteriya bo khun tamin meshavand; onho dar khaltai B. shabakai zichi anastamozhoro ba vujud meorand.
B.-ero, ki az du ustukhon tashakkul yoftaast, B.-i soda va B.-ero, ki az chand ustukhon ba vujud omadaast, B.-i murakkab menomand.
B. ba tasiri omilhoi beruna – sarmo, siroyati angezai bemoriho, lat khurdan, ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho va g. nihoyat hassos ast. Baze bemoriho (mas., tarbod) boisi tagyir yoftani shakli B. megardand. Ba bemorihoi asosii B. mansuband: ankilozho, sinostozho, artrogripoz, tarbod, khondrodisplaziya, gemartroz, artritho va g.
Nig. niz Bandi soqu poypanja, Bandi zonu, Bandi orinj, Bandi dast, Bandi kitf, Bandi kosu ron.
S. Qurbonov.

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