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BANDI ZONU

bandi-zonuBANDI ZONU (Articulatio genis), payvandi kurashakl, ki ustukhonhoi muchi kanori va mobaynii ron, sathi boloi ustukhoni kaloni soq va sobunak ba vujud meorand. Sobunak dar payi asabhoi chorsara joy giriftaast. Sathi payvandii muchi ustukhoni ron, ustukhoni kaloni soq va sobunak bo tagoyaki gialini faro girifta shudaast. Haltai mafsilii B. z. vase buda, qismi peshi onro payhoi mushaki chorsarai ron tashkil medihand. B. z.-ro bandakhoi pahluii ustukhonhoi kalon va khurdi soq, hamchunin bandakhoi salibshakl va kundalangi javfi B. z. ustuvor medorand. Dar bayni sathi bandhoi ustukhoni ron va ustukhoni kaloni soq du tagoyaki dosshakl – mohakhoi dokhili va beruni joy giriftaand. B. asosan harakati qat va rost shudanro ijro mekunad; dar holati qat budani band zonuro metavon andak ba berun yo darun niz tob dod.
Ba osebhoi B. z. gemartroz, gusastani bandakhoi pahlui, mohak va bandakhoi salibshakl, baromadanu shikastan, zarbu lat khurdan va g. mansuband. Artrozho, khondromatoz, gonit, bursit va g. az jumlai amrozi B. z. mahsub meshavand.
KL
Rasmi 1. Bandi zonui rost (namud az pesh; gilofi band dur karda, sobunak bo payi mushaki chorsarai ron ba poyon kashida shudaast): 1 – ustukhoni ron; 2 – bandaki salibshakli qafo; 3 – bandaki salibshakli pesh; 4 – mohaki zonu; 5 – bandaki kundalangi zonu; 6 – bandaki pahlugii ustukhoni kaloni soq; 7 – khaltai amiqi zeri kulchai zonu; 8 – bandaki kulchai zonu; 9 – sathi bandi kulchai zonu; 10 – payhoi mushaki chorsarai ron; 11 – pardai bayni ustukhonhoi zonu; 12 – ustukhoni kaloni soq; 13 – ustukhoni khurdi soq; 14 – bandaki peshi saraki ustukhoni khurdi soq; 15 – bandaki pahlugii ustukhoni khurdi soq; 16 – mohaki lateralii bandi zonu; 17 – muchi laterali; 18 – sathi kulchai zonu.
Rasmi 2. Bandakhoi salibshakl va mohaki bandi zonui rost: 1 – bandaki kulchai zonu; 2 – khaltai amiqi zeri kulchai zonu; 3 – bandaki kundalangi zonu; 4 – gilofi band; 5 – mohaki laterali; 6 – bandaki pahlugii ustukhoni khurdi soq; 7 – bandaki salibshakli aqib; 8 – mohaki mediali; 9 – bandaki pahlugii ustukhoni kaloni soq; 10 – bandaki salibshakli pesh.

S.S. Qurbonov.

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