Home / Ilm / BANDAKHO

BANDAKHO

bandakhoBANDAKHO (Ligamenta), payvandak, tor yo lavhachahoi mahkamero guyand, ki ustukhonhoi badan (skelet)-ro bo ham mepayvandand. Torhoi baze uzvi badanro (mas., bandaki hanjara, ki bo ustukhon vasl nest) niz bandak meguyand. CHandiri, yozandagi, nafisi va ustuvorii B. gunogun meshavad. YOzandagii B. ba hisobi miyona to 6,5 kg/1 mm2 ast. CHunonchi, bandaki ustukhoni kosu ron 350 kg, bandaki darozi poshna 200 kg borro mebardorad. B. dar ovoni kudaki khele chandiru yozon buda, bo mururi zamon (dar kalonsoli) in khosiyat kam va hatto gum meshavad (dar baze mavrid B. ohak basta, ba ustukhon tabdil meyoband).
B. asosan dar atrofi bandu bugum joygir buda, ba khaltai onho mepechand va ba tanzimi harakat musoidat mekunand. YAk qismi B. baroi dar holati amudi nigoh doshtani badan shirkat varzida, ba ustuvorii ravoqi poy kumak merasonand.
YOzidan va gusastan az jumlai osebhoi B. meboshand. Az harakati yakborai masofaash ziyod dar B. tagyirote vorid megardad, ki ba tamomi kori bandu bugum tasir merasonad. Agar omili osebovar az haddi mustahkami B. qavitar naboshad, on goh yozishi bandakho biduni tagyiroti anatomii onho ba amal meoyad. Az harakati majburivu berun az etidol B. nimdarron yo kanda meshavand. B.-i bugumi soqu panjai po va sarpanjai dast nisbatan beshtar, B.-i zonu va orinj kamtar oseb meyoband; dar in surat bandak andak varam va dard karda, harakatash mahdud megardad.
Hangomi illat yoftani B. zud ba dukhtur murojiat kardan lozim ast. To omadani dukhtur joi osebdidaro bo bint sakht mebandand. Agar oseb purra tabobat karda nashavad, pas baze alomathoi on (mas., noustuvorii bandu bugum, az nav bejo shudan, yozidan) takroran padid meoyand.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

planet

ZAMIN – SAYYORAI SISTEMAM OFTOBI

Sababhoi tagyiryobii faslhoi sol. Az kursi tabiatshinosi mo medonem, ki Oftob in markazi sistemai oftobii mo …