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BANAN

bananBANAN (Musa paradisiaca, M. sapientum), pizang, rastaniest bisyorsola. Poyai kutoh va barghoi nihoyat kalon dorad. Mevaash darozruya (daroziash 15 sm, qutrash 3 – 5 sm), magzash ordshakl, betukhm, tamash shirin. Dar yak band («khusha») to 300 adad meva hosil mekunad (vazni umumii onho 50 – 60 kg ast). Badi samar ovardan, qismi ruizaminii rastani mahv megardad.
B. ziroati qadimist. Baroi aholii kishvarhoi tropiki gizoi khele muhim mahsub meyobad. Dar tarkibi B. 14 – 22% qand, 5 – 8% ohar va to 1,5% protein mavjud ast. B. nakhati khos dorad, ki ba efirhoi gunoguni tarkibash vobasta meboshad. Onro taru toza istemol mekunand, mekhushkonand, az on ord va may mekashand, konserv, marmelad, sharbat istehsol menamoyand.
B. rastanii davoist. Dar tib hama qismhoi onro kor mefarmoyand. Guli B. baroi tabobati isholi khunin, zakhmi meda va bronkhit nofe ast; bo naqei on diabeti qandro tabobat menamoyand. SHirai afis (tumch)-i rastani dar mavridi ikhtiloli asab, sar (epilepsiya), makhav (lepra), nosomonii kori meda, khunshori kumak merasonad. Bargi rastanihoi navrustaro ba joi sukhta va zakhmi pust guzoshta mebandand. Mevai B. davoi khele khub ast. Binobar dar tarkibi on mavjud budani moddahoi minerali baroi muolijai anemiya (kamkhuni) naf dorad. Vay hamchunin fishori khunro mefarorad, afsurdaruhi (depressiya) va zardajushro raf, hazmi khurokro behtar mesozad. Bo pusti B. ozakhro meravonand.
B. (mavz) dar oyathoi Quron borho yodras shudaast.

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