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BALNEOTERAPIYA

balneoterapiaBALNEOTERAPIYA (Balneotherapia; az lot. balneum – hammom, obozi va terapiya), baroi tabobatu peshgirii bemoriho istifoda kardani obhoi mineralii tabii va suni. Dar mavridi B. obhoi minerali baroi obzan (vanna) yo nushidan kor farmuda meshavand. Onhoro inchunin baroi obbozi, obgardon kardani dahon, ingalyatsiya, shustani medayu ruda va dig. uzvho istifoda mebarand. SHifobakhshii obhoi minerali ba unsurhoi tarkibi onho (gazi karbonat, sulfidi gidrogen, nitrogen, moddahoi radioaktivi – radon va namakhoi gunogun) vobasta ast. Harorat va omilhoi mekhanikii obhoi minerali niz muhim meboshand. B. bahri taqviyati nerui muhofizatii organizm va tamrini imkoniyathoi on omili khele bosamar ast. Hangomi sar zadani bemori B. ikhtiloli faoliyati uzvhoro kam yo bartaraf mesozad.
Dar kurorthoi balneologi baroi muolija obhoi karbonati, sulfurdor, radoni, silitsiydor, shur, yodu bromdor va obi bahrro kor mefarmoyand. Obzanhoi minerali khosa ba silsilai dilu ragho va asab, baroi ba marom daromadani faoliyati asab, mutadil gashtani mubodilai moddaho va kori gadudhoi usorai dokhili tasiri musoid merasonand. Obzanhoi mineralii umumi va juziro baroi muolijai nuqsi dilu ragho, uzvhoi takyavu tahrik (bandu bugumho, bandakho, mushakho), asab, bemorihoi zanona va g. istifoda mebarand. Dar mavridi bemorihoi halqu bini va rohhoi boloi nafas ingalyatsiya, hangomi amrozi zanona boshad, obshuykunii mahbal va baroi bartaraf namudani illati rudaho huqnarezi bo obi minerali tavsiya karda meshavad.
Dar mavridi oshomidan obi minerali bevosita ba retseptorhoi luobpardai dahon, meda va rudai duvozdahangushta tasir karda, usorai medaro mutadil megardonad, barziyodii luobro bartaraf menamoyad. Obhoi minerali inchunin hosil va judo shudani talkharo tezonda, ba mubodilai moddaho tasiri musoid merasonand.
Dar rafti muolija, makhsusan berun az kurortho, az obhoi mineralii suni (karbonati, gidrogensulfidi, radoni va nitrogeni) istifoda mebarand.
B. bo tavsiya va zeri nazorati dukhtur aksaran payvasta bo loyqashifoi, iqlimshifoi, parhezshifoi guzaronida meshavad. B.-ro bo maqsadi reabilitatsiyai tibbi niz istifoda mebarand. Nig. niz. Obzan, Kurort, Obhoi madani.

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