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Arzishi oli doshtani huququ ozodihoi inson

Arzishi oli doshtani huququ ozodihoi inson va kafolati onho nishonai duyumi davlati huquqbunyod meboshad. Tarikhi bashar – tarikhi muborizai inson baroi noil shudan ba huquq va ozodihoe meboshad, ki az azal va tabiatan ba u taalluq dorand. Tavre ki dar moddai yakumi Elomiyai umumii huquqi bashar gufta shudaast: «Tamomi odamon ozod ba dunyo meoyand va az lihozi manzalat va huquq bo ham barobarand».

Muvofiqi moddai seyumi hamin sanad «har fard ba zindagi, ba ozodi va ba dakhlnopazirii shakhsi huquq dorad».

qonunDar Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston omadaast, ki inson, huquq va ozodihoi u arzishi oli meboshand. Huquq va ozodihoi inson va shahrvand bevosita amali shuda, maqsad, mazmun va tatbiqi qonunho, faoliyati hokimiyati qonunguzor, ijroiya, mahalli va maqomoti khudidorakunii hokimiyati davlatiro muayyan mekunand va ba vositai hokimiyati sudi tamin karda meshavand. Davlat huquq va ozodihoi inson va shahrvandro etirof, rioya va hifz menamoyad (moddahoi 5 va 14 Konstitutsiya).

Huquq va ozodihoi inson az lahzai tavallud ba khudi u taalluq doshta, az tarafi davlat ofarida nameshavand. Hej guna shakhsi mansabdor chunin huququ ozodihoro ba inson doda nametavonad. Davlat onhoro dar Konstitutsiya, qonunho va digar meyorhoi huquqi faqat mustahkam menamoyad. Kafolati amali gardidani huququ ozodihoro davlat boyad ba zimmai khud girad. Agar huququ ozodihoi inson purra dar ikhtiyori davlat yo yagon shakhsi mansabdori davlat boshad, dar in surat onho dakhlnopazir shuda nametavonand. Zero dar chunin holat davlat yo shakhsi mansabdor ofarandai huququ ozodihoi shahrvandon meshavand, ki in boisi mahdud gardidani onho megardad. Tamini himoyai huquqii shakhsiyat vazifai avvalindarajai davlati huquqbunyod meboshad. Dar barobari hamin, barpo namudani davlati huquqbunyod harchi beshtar baroi muvofiq omadani manfiati davlat va shakhs musoidat menamoyad, zero hamai shahrvandon dar tashkil namudani hokimiyati davlati ishtirok menamoyand. SHahrvandon khudro sohibi haqiqii davlat his namuda, maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va shakhsoni mansabdori onhoro intikhob mekunand. Faoliyati maqomot va shakhsoni mansabdor baroi khizmat namudan ba jamiyat va shahrvandon ravona karda meshavad.

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