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Andoz chist va baroi chi on lozim ast?

Andoz in pardokhthoi hatmi az jonibi korkhonavu shakhsoni voqei (odamon) ba khazinai davlat ast. Andoz dar zamonhoi qadim  bud va onro hamchun «Haqqi podshoh» menomidand.

andoz

Dar zamoni hozira mablaghoe, ki ba sifati andoz ba davlat suporida meshavad on baroi qone kardani talabothoi davlati lozim ast, ki jumlai onho:

  1. Baroi nigoh doshtani amniyati kishvar. Baroi yaroqu asliha, maoshi kormandoni mudofiai kishvar, kormandoni sokhtorhoi qudrati az jumlai milisahovu kormandoni BDA, sukhtornishoni, gumruk, andoz, amniyat va gayra;
  2. Baroi baland bardoshtani sathi donishi halq – masalahoi maorif;
  3. Baroi masalahoi idorakunii davlati – Hukumathoi nohiyavu shahrho;
  4. Masalahoi tandurusti;
  5. Pardokhti nafaqa, jubronpuli va digar podoshpuliho;

Andoz metavonad dar shakli puli va moli ba khazinai davlat suporida shavad, lekin asosan  dar shakli puli pardokht meshavad.

Dar Tojikiston az soli 2015-um injonib 10-namudi andoz hast. Dar holati pardokht nakardani andoz az tarafi hukumat nisbati shakhsoni andozbandishavanda jarima, musodirai –amvol va yo habs peshbini meshavad.

Baroi jam kardani andoz dar Tojikiston sokhtori makhsusi davlati safarbar karda shudaast ki dar on ziyoda az 1000 kormand faoliyati kasbi menamoyand. In sokhtor nomi Kumitai andozi nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston ast ki binoi asosii on dar kuchai Nemat Qaraboev dar shahri Dushanbe –Poytakhti Tojikiston maskan giriftaast.

Agar vazifai asosii andoz in gani kardani bujai davlat boshad, pas vazifai duyuminash in ba tanzim darovardani bakhshhoi iqtisodiyot ast. YAne agar andozai andoz baland boshad pas in yo on soha az faoliyatash muflis shuda ba digar bakhshhoi iqtisodiyot tasiri manfii khudro merasonad.

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