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Andeshahoi pandu akhloqii Sayidoi nasafi

Aslan pandu akhloq va tarbiyavu talim maqsadi adabiyoti badei ast. Ejodkore, ki ba ejodi badei ru meorad, hatman munosibati khudro ba in masala bayon mekunad. Gazaliyoti Sayido dar barobari faro giriftani mavzuhoi digar, aqidahoi tarbiyavi-akhloqii shoirro niz darbar giriftaand. Az tarafi digar, ba in vosita talimoti falsafai amalii SayidoSayido

Masalan, Sayidojonibdori sayu kushish, jahdu jadal, amalu harkat ast. Baroi daryofti quti loyamut inson boyad misli sangi osiyo payvasta dar jadal boshad, yane rizqi khudro halol kunad, tavassuti mehnat ba dast biyorad. U ba in mani takid mekunad, ki:

Ruzi nasibi kas ba nishastan nameshavad,

Boyad chu osiyo zi payi obu dona raft.

Ba aqidai shoir, inson naboyad gaflat varzad, balki boyad maqsadi muayyan doshta boshad. U kushishu harakat, jahdu talosh, sayu jadalro talab menomad va meguyad:

Be talab, ay Sayido, maqsad nameoyad ba dast,

CH,o ba majlis mekunad nay az figoni kheshtan.

Mehnatu kor, mashguliyatu faoliyat, obru va etibori inson ast va mardumone, ki in sifathoro doro hastand, sohibhunarand va dar zindagi hej goh khoru zalil nakhohand shud:

Ru nameorad ba khoni hej kas sohibhunar,

Bogbon rizqi khud az pushti guliston mekhurad.

YO khud:

SHir megardad burun az kuh bahri Kuhkan, Rizqi khud sohibhunar az sang paydo mekunad.

Sayido baroi insoni mehnatkash na tanho sahrovu dasht, balki hama joro mehnatkada medonad va boyad dar hama holatu dar hama jo kas forig az sayu kushish naboshad:

Murgi kabob ruzii sohibtaraddud ast,

Dar khona ankabut shikori magas kunad.

YO in ki:

Ustukhoni khushk betashvish kay oyad ba dast

Az pai ruzi magu tabi humo osuda ast.

SHoir, ki khud bo mehnati halol zistaast, muftkhuronro chashmi didan nadorad. Hatto dastu poi inson, ki agar vazifai khudro ba jo naorand, onhoro boyad bast, meguyad:

Paymonae, ki boda nadorad, shikastanist, Daste, ki masdari ejod nest, bastanist.

Ba nazari shoiri mehnatdustu pokizakor, khisoli hamidai insoni az qabili vafodori, sidqu safo, rostgui, rostqavli, nekivu nekukori, rahmu shafqat, insondustivu mardumnavozi, ilmomuzivu donishmandi, sabru toqat, burdborivu purtoqati va gayraro targib namuda, ommavi gardidani onhoro jonibdor ast: U meguyad:

Rostiro nabuvad hej zavole ba jahon,

Sarv agar khushk shavad, boz aso megardad.

YO khud:

Rafiq az kaf madeh, dushman agar khohi zabun gardad, Turo suzan ba dast aftod, khor az po burun aftad.

Baroi doro gardidani insonho bo khislathoi hamida hatman tarbiyat zarur ast. Az in ru, ba andeshai shoir, inson hatman boyad az maktabi tarbiya meguzarad.

Dar gazaliyoti Sayido ba juz mavzuhoi mamulii janri mazkur, mavzuhoi siyosi-ijtimoi, tarbiyavi-akhloqi, tanqidi-hajvi, sharhiholi- khonavodagi va g. khele baland sado dodaand, ki nigohi toza ba mazmunu muhtavoi gazalsaroi meboshad. In hamin maniro dorad, ki Sayido ba in vosita adabiyotro ba hayoti jamiyat, ba ruzgori khalq, ba zindagii tabaqahoi ijtimoi khele nazdik namuda, niyatu maqsad va orzuvu omoli mardumonro asosan inikos namudaast.

Az tarafi digar, tozakorii Sayido dar gazalsaroi ba khususiyathoi shaklii janr taalluq nadorad, yane u dar qofiyavu radif, vazn va sokhtori digari shaklii gazal gardishi jiddi vorid nakardaast.

Tozakorihovu navovarihoi shoir dar mundarijai gazalsaroi, mohiyati tematiki gazal dakhl dorad, ki gazali u oinai ruzgori asri shoir gardidaast. Gazalhoi Sayido sarshor az tazodhovu ziddiyathoi hayotu zindagi, nizohoi siyosi-tarikhi, hayoti-ijtimoi, toifaviyu tabaqavi va gayra ast. Inho nizoho va tazodhoi ruzgori hamaruzai jomea meboshad, pas gazaliyoti Sayido inikosgari hayoti insonhost. U in janbaro niz bo hunari khosi shoirona va bo sabku shevai fardi- individualii khud ejod kardaast.

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