Home / Jamiyat / Aloqai pochta

Aloqai pochta

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON  

Dar borai aloqai pochta

  Majlisi namoyandagon qabul namud – 4 iyuni soli 2003

Majlisi milli jonibdori namud – 16 iyuli soli 2003

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 2003, №8, mod. 462; s. 2004, №5, mod. 341;

s. 2007, №7, mod. 684; s. 2014, №7, q. 2, mod. 412, mod. 413; Qonuni JT az 14.11.2016 s., №1370)

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqii tanzimi faoliyatro dar sohai tashkil, amal va inkishofi aloqai pochta dar Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar namuda, vakolati maqomoti idorai davlati va tanzimi faoliyati mazkur, inchunin huquq va uhdadorihoi shakhsoni voqei va huquqiro, ki dar in faoliyat ishtirok menamoyand yo az khizmati aloqai pochta istifoda mebarand, muayyan menamoyad. 

pochta-tajik

Bobi 1. Muqarraroti umumI

Moddai 1. Tainoti aloqai pochta

Aloqai pochta qismi judonashavandai infrastrukturai iqtisodi va ijtimoii Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad va dar qalamravi on chun kompleksi ba ham payvandi istehsoliyu khojagi, ki baroi qone gardonidani ehtiyojot va talaboti shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, maqomoti davlati va idorakuni, ki ba khizmati aloqai pochta peshbini shudaast, amal menamoyad.

Moddai 2. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

aloqai pochta – namudi aloqae, ki az kompleksi yagonai istehsoliyu tekhnologii vositahoi tekhniki va naqliyoti iborat buda, qabul, korkard, kashonidan, burda rasonidan (suporidani) murosiloti pochta, inchunin tahvili mablaghoi puliro ba vositai pochta tamin menamoyad;

hududi yagonai aloqai pochta – hudude, ki dar on meyorho va qoidahoi yagona dar sohai aloqai pochta amal karda, kompleksi raqamguzorii inshoothoi aloqai pochtaro dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston, tartibi yagonai ba rasmiyat darovardan, qabul, korkard, kashonidan va burda rasonidani (supurdani) hama namudhoi murosiloti pochtaro muqarrar menamoyad;

aloqai baynalmilalii pochta – mubodilai murosiloti pochta dar bayni tashkilothoi aloqai pochta, ki dar doirai huquqii davlathoi gunogun qaror dorand;

khizmati aloqai pochta – amal yo faoliyat oid ba rasmiyat darovardan, qabul, korkard, kashonidan, burda rasonidani (suporidani) murosiloti pochta, inchunin ba amal barovardani tahvili mablaghoi puli ba vositai pochta;

khizmati universalii aloqai pochta – majmui khizmati aloqai pochta, ki baroi qone gardonidani istifodabarandagoni aloqai pochta jihati taboduloti murosiloti pochta dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston va berun az on bo narkhi dastras;

khizmati gayriananavi – majmui khizmate, ki operatoroni aloqai pochta ba istifodabarandagon dar asosi shartnoma peshnihod menamoyand;

tahvili mablaghoi puli bo pochta – khizmati tashkilothoi aloqai pochtai davlati oid ba rasmiyat darovardan, qabul, kashonidan (tahvil), burda rasonidani (supurdani) mablaghoi puli bo istifoda az shabakahoi aloqai pochta;

operatori millii aloqai pochta – shakhsi huquqie, ki dar asosi ijozatnoma khizmati aloqai pochtaro hamchun namudi asosii faoliyat, az jumla khizmati universalii aloqai pochtaro  ba amal mebarorad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1370)

operatoroni aloqai pochta – shakhsoni voqei va huquqii hama guna shaklhoi tashkilivu huquqi, ki dar asosi ijozatnoma khizmati aloqai pochtaro peshnihod mekunand;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1370)

vositahoi aloqai pochta – binoho, inshootho, manzilhoi gayriistiqomati, tajhizotho va naqliyoti aloqa, ashyoi nomi, moshinhoi tamgazani, lifofahoi pochta, korthoi pochta va zarfhoi pochta, ki baroi khizmati aloqai pochta istifoda meshavand;

inshooti aloqai pochta – qismhoi judokardashudai tashkiloti aloqai pochta, pochtamtho, pochtamthoi nazdi rohi ohan, shubahoi borkashonii istgohhoi nazdi rohi ohan va furudgohho, uzelhoi aloqai pochta, inchunin sokhtorhoi tarkibii onho (shubahoi aloqai pochta, nuqtahoi aloqai pochta va digarho);

tashkiloti aloqai pochta – shakhsi huquqii hamaguna shaklhoi tashkilivu huquqi, ki dar asosi ijozatnoma khizmati aloqai pochtaro ba sifati namudi asosii faoliyat peshnihod mekunad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1370)

tashkilothoi davlatii aloqai pochta – tashkilothoi davlati, pochtamtho, uzelhoi aloqa va sokhtorhoi tarkibii onho, ki ba jarayoni yagonai istehsolivu tekhnologi jihati rasonidani khizmati aloqai pochta ba kor andokhta shudaand va dar bazai molikiyati davlati tashkil yoftaand;

shabakai aloqai pochta – majmui inshootho, az jumla, marshruthoi harakati pochta, ki khizmati aloqai pochtaro ba jo meorand;

murosiloti khatti – maktubho (oddi, farmoishi bo eloni narkh), korthoi pochta (oddi, farmoishi), sekogrammaho (murosiloti pochta, ki tanho baroi nobinoho peshbini meshavad), bastahoi kogazi (oddi, farmoishi bo eloni narkh) va pokethoi khurd;

surogai pochta – joe, ki baroi istifodabarandagoni khizmati operatori aloqai pochta baroi rasonidani (suporidani) murosiloti pochta va tahviloti pochta muayyan kardaand;

indeksi pochta – alomathoi shartii raqamii surogai pochta, ki ba inshooti aloqai pochta doda meshavad;

ashyoi nomi – shtamp baroi dar hujjatho va murosiloti pochta guzoshtani naqshe, ki dar on nomi inshooti aloqai pochta, sanai qabul va burda rasonidani murosiloti pochta yo malumoti digar zikr shudaast;

alomathoi davlatii pardokhti aloqai pochta – markahoi pochta, ki ba murosiloti pochta guzoshta meshavand va pardokhta shudani khizmati aloqai pochtaro tasdiq menamoyand, blokho, lifofahoi markador, korthoi pochta;

moshini tamgazananda – moshine, ki baroi dar murosiloti khatti guzoshtani alomati davlatii markai pochta peshbini gardida, pardokhti khizmati aloqai pochta, sanai qabuli murosiloti mazkur va digar malumotro tasdiq mekunad;

quttii pochtai abonenti – quttii makhsusi qulfkardashavanda, ki baroi az tarafi mushtari giriftani murosiloti pochta peshbini karda shudaast;

sanduqi pochtai abonenti – sanduqi makhsus bo quttichahoi qulfkardashavanda, ki dar binohoi istiqomati, inchunin dar uchastkahoi burdarasoni baroi az tarafi abonentho giriftani murosiloti pochta guzoshta meshavad;

quttii pochta – quttii makhsusi qulfkardashavanda, ki baroi jam kardani maktubhoi oddi va korthoi pochta peshbini shudaast;

murosiloti pochta – murosiloti khattii irsolshavanda, murosilaho (oddi, farmoishi, bo eloni arzish), tahviloti puli ba vositai pochta;

khatkashon – kormandi judokardashudai aloqai pochta, ki murosiloti pochta va nashriyai davriro ba tashkilotho, muassisaho va khonaho burda merasonad;

istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta – shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki az khizmati aloqai pochta istifoda mebarand;

tranziti murosiloti pochta – harakati murosiloti baynalmilalii pochta ba digar davlatho ba vositai qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston.

Moddai 3. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai aloqai pochta

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai aloqai pochta ba Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1370)

Moddai 4. Prinsiphoi faoliyat dar sohai aloqai pochta

Faoliyat dar sohai aloqai pochta dar Jumhurii Tojikiston dar asosi prinsiphoi zerin ba amal barovarda meshavad:

– rioyai qonuniyat;

– dastras budani khizmati aloqai pochta ba hamai shakhsoni voqei va huquqi;

– rasonidani khizmati universali dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston bo nazardoshti rioyai huquqi istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta;

– ozodii tranziti murosiloti pochta dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston va tamini hamkorihoi aloqai pochtai jumhuri bo korkhonahoi baynalmilalii aloqai pochta;

– musoidati samaranok va raqobati odilona dar bozori aloqai pochta ba manfiati shakhsoni voqei va huquqi;

– muhayyo kardani sharoiti musoid baroi jalbi sarmoyaguzorii dokhili va khoriji dar sohai aloqai pochta;

– tamini huquqi har kas ba makhfiyati akhboroti pochta;

– tamini ustuvori va idorashavandagii shabakai aloqai pochta;

– tamini qoidaho, standartho, talabot va meyorhoi yagonai aloqai pochta;

– dastras budani vositahoi aloqai pochta hangomi ijroi vazifaho dar sohai idorakunii davlati, tamini mudofia va bekhatarii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin dar holathoi favqulodda.

 

Bobi 2.

Idorakunii davlatI, nazorat, TANZIM VA IJOZATNOMADIHI

dar soHai aloqai pochta

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1370)

 

Moddai 5. Idorakunii davlati dar sohai aloqai pochta

 

Idorakunii davlatii faoliyatro dar sohai aloqai pochta dar Jumhurii Tojikiston hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston va Hadamoti aloqai nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai aloqai pochta ba amal mebarorand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

 

Moddai 6. Vakolathoi hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Salohiyati hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai aloqai pochta az inho iboratand: (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

– muayyan va jori kardani siyosati davlati dar sohai aloqai pochta;

– tasdiqi barnomai inkishofi aloqai pochta va faroham ovardani sharoithoi zaruri baroi sarmoyaguzori;

– korkard va ba amal barovardani barnomahoi ziddiinhisori va khususigardoni dar sohai aloqai pochta;

– tasdiqi nomgui mavod va ashyohoe, ki bo murosiloti pochta firistodani onho man karda shudaast;

– tasdiqi nomgui khizmati universalii aloqai pochta;

– digar vakolathoe, ki az qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston barmeoyand.

 

Moddai 7. Vakolathoi Hadamoti aloqai nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai aloqai

                   pochta

(QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

 

Hadamoti aloqai nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai aloqai pochta vakolathoi asosii zerinro ijro menamoyad: (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

– tahiyai siyosati yagonai davlati dar sohai aloqai pochta mutobiqi prinsiphoe, ki dar Qonuni mazkur bayon shudaand;

– tatbiqi hamin siyosat bo maqsadi bo khizmati aloqai pochta vase faro girifani faoliyate, ki ba taraqqiyoti iqtisodi va ijtimoii Jumhurii Tojikiston nigaronida shudaast;

– tahiyai loihahoi qonunho, barnomahoi davlati va digar sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqi baroi muvofiqi tartibi muqarrarshuda ba roh mondani faoliyat dar sohai aloqai pochta;

– faroham ovardani sharoithoi musoid baroi sarmoyaguzorii khoriji va dokhili ba sohai aloqai pochta, muhayyo kardani muhiti raqobat dar bayni operatoron bo maqsadi tamini dastras budani namudhoi nisbatan navi khizmati aloqai pochta ba istifodabarandagon;

– burdani guftushunidho doir ba masalahoi aloqai pochta va bastani shartnomahoi dakhldor bo digar davlatho muvofiqi tartibe, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar kardaast;

– ba sifati mamuriyati yagonai aloqai pochta dar doirai korkhonahoi mintaqavi va baynalmilali ba roh mondani faoliyat dar sohai aloqai pochta;

– tayyor kardani raqamguzorii inshoothoi aloqai pochtai Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– muayyan kardani namunaho, nominalho, adadi nashr, namudhoi lifofahoi tamgadori pochta va muhlati amali markahoi pochtai davlati;

– ijroi digar vazifahoe, ki ba aloqai pochta tibqi Qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston voguzor karda shudaand.

 

Moddai 8. Maqomi tanzim dar sohai aloqai pochta

 

Tanzimi faoliyat dar sohai aloqai pochta az tarafi maqomi  vakolatdori Jumhurii Tojikiston doir ba tanzimi aloqa ba amal barovarda meshavad.

Vaz va sokhtori tashkilii maqomi vakolatdori Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba tanzimi aloqa az tarafi hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 9. Vakolathoi maqomi vakolatdori tanzimi aloqa

 

Maqomi vakolatdori tanzimi aloqa dar doirai salohiyathoi khud vazifahoi zerinro ba amal mebarorad:

– dodani ijozatnomaho baroi faoliyat dar sohai aloqai pochta;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1370)

– yakjoya bo maqomi davlati oid ba siyosati ziddiinhisori andeshidani choraho baroi peshgiri kardani faoliyate, ki ba raqobat dar sohai aloqai pochta nigaronida shudaast;

– tanzimi tarifho va sifati khizmati aloqai pochta mutobiqi talaboti Qonuni mazkur;

– tasdiqi tarifho ba khizmati operatoroni aloqai pochta baroi khizmati aloqai pochta, ki dar bozor bartari dorand;

– nazorati rioyai talaboti standartho, qoidaho, sanadhoi meyori, sanadhoi meyorii huquqi va ijroi shartu talaboti ijozatnomai dodashuda(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1370)

– nazorati rioyai raqamguzorii inshoothoi aloqai pochta dar Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– muqarrar namudani tartibi aniqi tanzim va halli ikhtilofhoe, ki bayni operatoroni aloqai pochta, inchunin bayni operatoroni aloqai pochta va istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta paydo meshavand.

Qarorhoi maqomi vakolatdor baroi hamai subekthoi aloqai pochtai tanzimshavanda, sarfi nazar az shakli molikiyatashon, hatmi meboshand.

 

Moddai 10. Vakolathoi maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati dar sohai aloqai

                     pochta

(QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

 

Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati: (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

– ba tashkilothoi aloqai pochta baroi dar hududi khud joy dodani inshoothoi aloqai pochta musoidat menamoyand, darkhosthoi in tashkilothoro dar khususi baroi pochta judo kardani khonaho yo mavridi sokhtani binoho judo kardani joy baroi shubahoi aloqai pochta dar onho ba inobat megirand va digar masalahoi joygirkunonii inshoothoi aloqai pochtaro barrasi menamoyand;

– ba tajhizonidani inshoothoi aloqai pochta bo vositahoi mekhanikoni, avtomatikunoni va ittilootoni, ki baroi faoliyati pursamar va vusat bakhshidan ba khizmatrasoni ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi zarurand, musoidat menamoyand;

– tartibi kori inshoothoi aloqai pochta va khizmatrasoni ba mushtariyoni khizmati aloqai pochtaro bo nazardoshti khususiyathoi kori inshoothoi mazkur hamohang mesozand;

– ba tashkil va dastgirii kori mustaqimi marshruthoi mahallii pochta musoidat mekunand, ba operatoroni aloqai pochta baroi rasonidani murosiloti pochta ba mahalhoi dushvorguzari aholinishin dar muhlathoi muqarrarshudai nazorati burda rasonidani onho yori merasonand;

– ba tashkilothoi aloqai pochta dar tamini nigahdorii murosiloti pochta va mablaghoi pulie, ki bo marshruthoi pochta kashonida va rasonida meshavand, musoidat mekunand;

– ba tashkilothoi aloqai pochta baroi joygirkunonii quttihoi pochta dar hududi khud, tamini nigahdorii tashkilothoe, ki az khonahoi istiqomati istifoda mebarand, dar holati kori nigoh doshtani quttihoi pochtai abonenti va sanduqhoi pochtai abonenti yori merasonand.

Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati dar mahalho huquq dorand ba maqomi davlati dar borai inkishofi shabakai aloqai pochta dar hududi khud taklifu darkhostho peshnihod namoyand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

 

Moddai 11. Ijozatnomadihi dar sohai aloqai pochta

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1370)

 

Ijozatnomadihi dar sohai aloqai pochta tibqi talaboti Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ijozatnomadihi ba baze namudhoi faoliyat» amali karda meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1370)

 

Bobi 3.

Faoliyat dar soHai aloqai pochta

 

Moddai 12. Namudhoi aloqai pochta dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Dar Jumhurii Tojikiston namudhoi zerini aloqai pochta amal mekunand:

– aloqai pochtai istifodai umumi, ki az tarafi tashkilthoi davlatii aloqai pochta, inchunin digar operatoroni aloqai pochta  ba amal barovarda meshavad;

– aloqai makhsus- qabul va burda rasonidani murosiloti makhsus, makhfi, ki dar asosi sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqi va dasturhoi makhsus;

– aloqai davlatii feldegeri, ki onro juzhoi khizmati davlatii feldegeri mutobiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai aloqai feldegeri ” ba amal mebarorand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

 

Moddai 13. huquqhoi operatoroni khizmati aloqai pochta

 

Operatoroni aloqai pochta huquq dorand:

– doir ba qabuli obuna, pahn namudani matbuoti davri, dodani nafaqa va yordampuliho, qabuli pardokht baroi khizmati kommunali va digar khizmate, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston man nakardaast, khizmati ilovagi peshnihod namoyand;

– mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston bonki gayridavlati tasis dihand;

– mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi sarmoyaguzori bo maqsadi istifodai samaranoki tashkilothoi aloqai pochta oid ba rasonidani khizmati aloqai pochta sharoithoi zaruri faroham ovarand;

– nisbat ba amali gayriqonunii shakhsoni voqei va huquqi tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston shikoyat namoyand.

 

Moddai 14. Uhdadorihoi operatoroni khizmati aloqai pochta

 

Operatoroni aloqai pochta uhdadorand:

– ba istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta khizmat rasonand;

– dar asosi ijozatnoma va qoidahoi tasdiqgardidai pochta oid ba rasonidani khizmati aloqai pochta faoliyat namoyand;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1370)

– muvofiqi standarthoi muqarrargardida, qoidaho va meyorhoi mavjuda sifati khizmatrasoniro tamin namoyand;

– makhfiyati mukotibaro nigah dorand;

– ba maqomi vakolatdori muqovimat ba qonunigardonii (rasmikunonii) daromadhoi bo rohi jinoyat badastovarda va mablagguzorii terrorizm dar borai ahd va amaliyoti shubhanok khabar dihand. CHunin amal foshkunii makhfiyati mukotiba hisob nameyobad;(QJT az 26.07.14s., №1115)

– nigahdorii murosiloti pochtaro tamin namoyand;

– ba istifodabarandagon dar borai shartho va tartibi rasonidani khizmati aloqai pochta, az jumla dar borai tagyirot dar tarifho baroi khizmati aloqai pochta sari vaqt malumoti mufassal dihand;

– tovoni zararro baroi ijro nakardan yo muvofiqi tab ijro nakardani khizmati aloqai pochta, inchunin baroi narasonidan yo bo sifati gayri qobili qabul rasonidani khizmat mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston pardozand.

Operatoroni aloqai pochta mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar nazdi istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta javobgarii moddi niz doshta metavonand.

 

Moddai 15. Huquqhoi istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta

 

Istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta huquq dorand:

– ba dastrasii khizmati aloqai pochtai istifodai umumi;

– ba khizmati sarivaqti va khushsifati operatoron mutobiqi qoidahoi tasdiqshudai aloqai pochta;

– ba giriftani murosiloti pochta bo surogai istiqomatii khud ba vositai quttihoi pochtai abonenti dar dahlezhoi binoi istiqomati, bo nishonii joi kor yo darkhosti;

– dast kashidan az khizmati aloqai pochta mutobiqi qoidahoi tasdiqshudai aloqai pochta;

– ba giriftani tovoni zarar, jubroni ziyoni manavi dar natijai narasonidan yo bo sifati nomuvofiq rasonidani khizmati aloqai pochta;

– ba maqomoti davlati yo sud murojiat kardan dar surati vayron kardani huquqi onho.

Istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston digar huquqhoro niz doshta metavonand.

 

Moddai 16. Uhdadorihoi istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta

 

Istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta uhdadorand:

– qoidahoi tasdiqshudai istifoda az khizmati aloqai pochtaro rioya namoyand;

– haqqi khizmati aloqai pochtaro sari vaqt pardozand;

– ba amale, ki ba past shudani sifati kori aloqai pochta ovarda merasonad, ba digar istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta yo ba korkunone, ki bo korkardi murosiloti pochta, ki bar asari ba murosiloti pochta andokhtani ashyo va mavodi baroi firistonidan manbuda yo ba sababi rioya nakardani qoidai borbandi ziyon meovarad, dast nazanand;

– quttihoi abonentiro dar holati kori nigoh dorand, dar surati kornoshoyamii onho murosiloti pochtaro, ki ba surogai onho rasidaast, az tashkilothoi aloqai pochta girand.

Istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston digar uhdadorihoro niz doshta metavonand.

 

Moddai 17. Tarifhoi khizmati aloqai pochta

 

Tarifho baroi khizmati aloqai pochta, ba istisnoi khizmat az rui shartnoma az tarafi maqomi davlati bo muvofiqa bo maqomoti davlatii ziddiinhisori tavassuti muayyan kardani tarifho yo haddi okhirini onho muvofiqi tartibi jori va dar asosi prinsiphoi zerin ba kor andokhta meshavand:

– tarifhoi khizmati aloqai pochta, ba istisnoi khizmati universali, boyad ba arzishi aslii onho nazdik boshand va ba tashakkuli munosibathoi bozorgoni ba khotiri rushdi raqobat musoidat namoyand;

– tarifho boyad bo narkhhoi asosii baynalmilali bo nazardoshti to haddi nihoi qone gardonidani talaboti shahrvandoni jumhuri ba khizmati aloqai pochta muvofiq boshand;

– tarifho naboyad ba raqobati boinsofonai digar tahvilkunandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta dar bozori khizmati aloqai pochta tasiri manfi rasonand;

– mavridi muayyan kardani tarifho boyad tainot va tavsiyahoi Ittihodi umumijahonii pochta, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston uzvi on meboshad, ba nazar girifta shavand.

Tarifho baroi khizmat az rui shartnoma va digar khizmate, ki kharakteri gayriananavi dorad, az tarafi tashkilotho va operatoroni aloqai pochta dar asosi shartnoma muqarrar karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 18. Makhfiyati mukotiba

 

Makhfiyati mukotiba, digar murosiloti ba vositai shabakai aloqai pochta firistodashuda tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston hifz karda meshavad.

Tashkilothoi aloqai pochta muvofiqi tartibi muqarrargardida huquq dorand az murosiloti pochta mutobiqi nomgui ashyo baroi irsol bo murosiloti pochta ashyohoi baroi tahvil manshudaro girand.

Tashkilothoi aloqai pochta huquq dorand dar surati nomumkin budani burda rasonidani murosilot yo ba surogai digar ravon kardani onho bo sababi nabudani nishonii firistanda va mushtari onhoro kushoyand.

Tartibi kushodani murosiloti pochta, inchunin az on berun barovardani andukhtahoi baroi tahvil manbuda va murosiloti pochtae, ki mushtarii khudro nayoftaand, az tarafi maqomi davlati dar sohai aloqai pochtai Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavad.

Tashkilothoi aloqai pochta uhdadorand dar borai ijroi ahd va amaliyoti shubhanoki mushtariyoni khud (kushishi anjom dodani ahd va amaliyoti shubhanok) favran ba maqomi vakolatdori muqovimat ba qonunigardonii (rasmikunonii) daromadhoi bo rohi jinoyat badastovarda va mablagguzorii terrorizm khabar dihand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1115)

Fosh namudani malumot az jonibi tashkilothoi aloqai pochta rioya nashudani talaboti makhfiyati mukotiba va digar murosiloti ba vositai shabakai aloqai pochta firistodashuda hisob nameyobad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1115)

 

Moddai 19. Idorakunii shabakai aloqai pochta dar holathoi favqulodda

 

Dar holathoi favqulodda idorakunii shabakai aloqai pochtaro  Hadamoti aloqai nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikistonbo vazoratho, idoraho va bo maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati amali megardonand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

Dar holathoi favqulodda maqomi vakolatdor sarfi nazar az tobeiyati idori va shakli molikiyat tavre ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan kardaast, ba istifodai bartari az shabakahoi aloqai pochta huquq dorad.

Jubroni zarare, ki ba har yak operatori aloqai pochta dar holathoi favqulodda rasonida shudaast, muvofiqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston pardokhta meshavad.

 

Moddai 20. Sifati khizmati aloqai pochta

 

Talabothoi asosi ba sifati khizmati aloqai pochta inhoand:

– rasonidani khizmati aloqai pochta dar tamomi qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston bo huquqhoi barobari faroham ovardani chunin khizmat baroi hamai istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta;

– az tarafi tashkilothoi davlatii aloqai pochta tamin namudani faoliyati inshoothoi aloqai pochta mutobiqi tartibe, ki baroi istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta muvofiq ast, bo ba inobat giriftani khususiyathoi tekhnologiyai aloqai pochta;

– az tarafi operatoroni aloqai pochta mutobiqi talaboti standarthoi baynalmilali tamin namudani sifati zarurii khizmatrasonii aloqai pochta;

– bo malumoti sarivaqti dar borai khizmati aloqai pochta tamin namudani istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta.

Talabot ba sifati khizmati aloqai pochtaro, ki  operatoroni shabakai aloqai pochta peshnihod mekunand, maqomi vakolatdor ba tanzimi aloqa muayyan menamoyad.

Talabot ba sifati khizmati aloqai pochta dar asosi talabothoi  istifodabarandagon ba sharoithoi taraqqiyoti tekhniki va ijtimoi-iqtisodii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba amal barovarda meshavad.

 

Moddai 21. Tamini nigahdorii murosiloti pochta va mablaghoi puli

 

Tashkilotho va operatoroni aloqai pochta vazifadorand amniyati murosiloti pochta va mablaghoero, ki az istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai pochta qabul kardaand, tamin namoyand.

Bo maqsadi tamini nigahdorii inshoothoi aloqai pochta, murosiloti pochta  va mablaghoi puli operatoroni aloqai pochta huquq dorand qismhoi bekhatarii pochta va posbonhoi tobei idoravi va vositai makhsusi muhofizatro tibqi tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston doshta boshand.

Tashkilotho va operatoroni aloqai pochta yakjoya bo idorahoi manfiatdori tobe amniyati inshoothoi aloqai pochta, naqliyoti pochta va kormandoni tashkilothoi aloqai pochta, inchunin muhofizati murosiloti pochta va mablaghoi puliro tamin menamoyand, chorahoi peshgirii hodisahoi gumshavi, tasarrufi murosiloti pochta va mablaghoi puliro meandeshand, rioyai mahdudiyathoro dar mavridi tahvili mavod va ashyohoi mankardashudaro ba vositai shabakai aloqai pochta zeri nazorat megirand.

 

Moddai 22. Hizmati universalii aloqai pochta

 

Hizmati universalii aloqai pochta az tarafi operatori milli dar shakli irsoli maktubho, korthoi pochta, banderolho va pokethoi khurd bo narkhi arzoni pasttar az arzishi asli peshnihod karda meshavad.

Hizmati universalii aloqai pochta bo narkhi pasttar az arzishi aslii on, ki bo maqomi davlatii ziddiinhisorii Jumhurii Tojikiston mutobiq kunonida shudaast, mutobiqi ruykhati peshnihodshudai khizmati mazkur rasonida meshavad.

(Q.3 bo QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116 khorij karda shud)

Operatoroni aloqai pochta, ki khizmati universalii aloqai pochtaro peshnihod menamoyand, vazifadorand standarthoi sifati peshnihodnamudai khizmati universalii aloqai pochtaro rioya kunand.

Tartibi pushonidani kharojoti operatori aloqai pochtaro jihati rasonidani khizmati aloqai pochta ba aholi, ki az mablagi voridot az pardokhti khizmati aloqa ziyod ast, hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad.

 

Moddai 23. Istifodai zabonho dar faoliyati aloqai pochta

 

Tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar tashkilothoi  aloqai pochtai Jumhurii Tojikiston korguzorii khizmati bo zaboni davlati ba roh monda meshavad.

Surogai firistanda va girandai murosiloti pochta dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba zaboni davlati va yo ba zaboni rusi navishta meshavad.

Murosiloti baynalmilalii pochta tibqi shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston tahiya va korbast meshavand.

 

Moddai 24. Vaqti hisobu hisobot

 

Mavridi ba amal barovardani faoliyati aloqai pochta dar ravandhoi tekhnologii tashkilothoi aloqai pochta, sarfi nazar az joygirshavii onho, vaqti yagonai hisobu hisobot vaqte meboshad, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston amal mekunad.

Dar aloqai baynalmilalii pochta vaqti hisobu hisobot muvofiqi shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Bobi 4.

Tamini faoliyat dar soHai aloqai pochta

 

Moddai 25. Joygirkunonii inshootho va vositahoi aloqai pochta

 

Ba zaminhoi shabakai tashkilothoi aloqai pochta zaminhoe mansuband, ki baroi istifoda ba operatoroni aloqai pochta baroi ba amal barovardani vazifahoi dar nazdi onho guzoshtashuda jihati istifodabari, nigahdori, sokhtmon, aznavsozi, tarmimi inshoothoi shabakai tashkilothoi aloqai pochta peshnihod gardidaand.

Qitahoi zamin baroi inshoothoi aloqai pochta mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston judo karda meshavand.

Tashkilothoi davlatii aloqai pochta vazifadorand inshoothoi aloqai pochtaro muvofiqi meyorhoi tekhnologi dar nazdi istgohhoi avtomobili, rohi ohan va furudgohho joy gironand.

Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati dar mahalho vazifadorand  tashkilothoi davlatii aloqai pochtaro dar binohoi istiqomati yo digar binohoe, ki ba meyorhoi tekhnologi muvofiqand, roygon joygir namoyand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

 

Moddai 26. Istifodai vositahoi naqliyot baroi kashonidani murosiloti pochta va vositahoi puli

 

Ba tashkilothoi aloqai pochta huquq doda meshavad, ki dar asosi shartnoma murosiloti pochta va vositahoi puliro bo hamai marshrutho va rohhoi avtomobili, rohi ohan, naqliyoti havoi hamrohi korkunoni tashkilothoi aloqai pochta kashonand yo murosiloti pochtaro baroi kashonidan bo sharti javobgari ba ikhtiyori korkhonahoi naqliyoti voguzorand.

Maqomoti davlati dar sohai naqliyoti rohi ohan muvofiqi shartnoma raftuomadi poezdi pochtavu bagojro tashkil mekunad, vagonhoi pochtaro ba hayati poezdhoi musofirkashi mepayvandad va qabuli poezdhoro bo vagonhoi pochta dar platformahoe, ki baroi borkuniyu borfarori muvofiqand, ba roh memonad. Ba khorij kardani vagonhoi pochta az poezdhoi zudgard va musofirkash be rozigii tashkilothoi aloqai pochta roh doda nameshavad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

Naqliyoti tashkilothoi aloqai pochta boyad nishonahoi makhsusi farqkunandai khudro doshta boshad. Naqliyoti aloqai pochta ba sifati nishoni farqkunanda dar partavi rangi kabud rakhi safedi diagonali bo alomati tashkilot navishtajoti “Pochta” doshta boshad va operatori millii aloqai pochta ilovagi, bo bongu charogakhoi makhsusi shulaafkan mujahhaz karda shavad. Naqliyoti pochta huquq dorad bo hamai kuchahoi mahalhoi aholinishin va rohhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston bemamoniat harakat kunad.

Naqliyoti tashkilothoi davlatii aloqai pochta baroi rasonidani khizmati aloqai pochta va ijroi korhoe, ki ba faoliyati muqarrarshudai aloqai pochta dakhl nadorad, be rozigii in tashkilotho jalb karda nameshavad.

Raftuomadi naqliyoti pochtai tashkilothoi davlatii aloqai pochta to inshoothoi aloqai pochta va kompleksi borkashe, ki dar nazdi istgohhoi avtomobili, rohi ohan, furudgohho joy giriftaand, baroi taboduli murosiloti pochta, ki bo naqliyoti avtomobili, vagonhoi  poezd, kishtihoi havoi ovarda shudaand, dar navbati avval roygon ba amal barovarda meshavad.

 

Moddai 27. huquqi molikiyat ba vositahoi aloqai pochta

 

Inshootho va vositahoi aloqai pochta dar Jumhurii Tojikiston molikiyati davlati va khususi buda metavonand. Nomgui inshootho va vositahoi aloqai pochtaro mutaaliq ba molikiyati davlati tanho hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad. hama sohiboni inshootho va vositahoi aloqa huquqi barobar doshta tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston hifz karda meshavand.

Vositahoi aloqai pochta va digar molikiyat baroi burdani korhoi khojagi va idorakunii favri tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba ikhtiyori tashkilothoi davlatii aloqai pochta doda meshavand.

 

Moddai 28. Mablagguzorii faoliyati korkhonahoi davlatii aloqai pochta

 

Manbahoi mablagguzorii tashkilothoi davlatii aloqai pochta inhoand:

– daromadhoe, ki az rasonidani khizmati aloqai pochta girifta meshavand:

– mablaghoe, ki az rasonidani khizmat az rui shartnomaho muvofiqi Qonuni mazkur, inchunin az digar faoliyate, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston man nakardaast, ba dast meoyand;

– az hisobi Bujeti davlati baroi pushondani kharojothoi operatoroni aloqai pochta oidi rasonidani khizmati universalii aloqai pochta ba aholi, ki az mablagi pardokhti hamin khizmat ziyod ast.

Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati dar mahalho metavonand mablagguzorii faoliyati tashkilothoi aloqai pochtaro amali namoyand. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

 

Bobi 5.

Muqarraroti khotimavI

 

Moddai 29. Hamkorii baynalmilali

 

Dar faoliyati baynalmilali Hadamoti aloqai nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston hamchun mamuriyati yagonai aloqa dar faoliyati baynalmilali baromad mekunad va dar doirai salohiyate, ki muvofiqi sozishnomahoi baynalmilali peshbini gardidaast, zimni hamkoriho bo mamuriyati aloqai mamlakathoi digar va tashkilothoi baynalmilalii aloqa, az manfiathoi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai aloqai pochta namoyandagi mekunad va himoyai onro ba amal mebarorad, hamzamon in namudi faoliyatro, ki az tarafi hamai shakhsoni voqei va huquqi ba roh monda meshavad, hamohang mesozad. (QJT az 26.07.14s., №1116)

Jumhurii Tojikiston hamchun uzvi Ittihodi umumijahonii pochta ba hududi yagonai pochta baroi taboduli murosiloti pochta dokhil meshavad va tranziti ozodi onhoro dar qalamravi khud kafolat medihad.

Pardokhti haqqi uzviyat baroi ishtiroki Jumhurii Tojikiston dar faoliyati tashkilothoi baynalmilalii aloqai pochta hatman az tarafi davlat mablagguzori karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 30. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur

 

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand

 

Moddai 301. Az etibor soqit donistani baze sanadhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston az 27 dekabri soli 1993 «Dar borai aloqa» (Akhbori SHuroi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 1994, №1, mod. 24), qismi VII Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai dokhil kardani tagyirotu ilovaho ba baze sanadhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston» (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 1997, №9, mod. 117), qismi HHIH Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai vorid namudani tagyirotu ilovaho ba baze sanadhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston» (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 1997, №23-24, mod. 333) az etibor soqit donista shavad.

 

Moddai 31. Mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

 

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror megirad.

 

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                          E. RAHMONOV

 

sh. Dushanbe, 1 avgusti soli 2003

№ 39

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

sheri-padar

SHer dar borai kudaki

Tifliyu shashsolagi dar yodi man. CHashm pusham volidon dar khobi man. SHash soli umri man …