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Aloqai barqi

QONUNI  JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 Dar borai aloqai barqi

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 2002,№4, q.2, mod. 323; s. 2006, №3, mod. 156;s. 2008, №3, mod. 198, №12, q.2, mod. 996; s. 2013, №12, mod. 891; Qonunhoi JT az 25.12.2015 s., № 1271; az 15.03.2016 s., №1301)

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqii tanzim va idorakunii faoliyat dar sohai bunyod, amal va rushdi alokai barqrro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar namuda, salohiyati maqomoti idorai davlati va tanzimi sohai mazkur, inchunin huquq va uhdadorihoi shakhsoni voqei va huquqiro, ki dar in kor ishtirok mekunand yo az khizmati aloqai barqi istifoda mebarand, muayyan mekunad.

nurek-ges

BOBI I.

MUQARRAROTI UMUMI 

Moddai 1. Tainoti aloqai barqi

Aloqai barqi qismi judonopaziri infrastrukturai iqtisodi va ijtimoii Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad va dar qalamravi on chun juzi ba ham aloqamandi kompleksi istehsoliyu khojagi, ki baroi qone gardonidani ehtiyojot va talaboti shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va idori ba khizmati aloqai barqi nigaronida shudaast, amal mekunad.

Moddai 2. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda burda meshavand:

«aloqai barqi» har navi intiqol yo qabuli nishonho, ishoratho, matni khatti, tasvirho, ovozho yo har namudi ittiloot tavassuti simho, radiooptika yo sistemahoi digari elektromagniti;

«shabakai aloqai barqi» sistemahoi intiqol va tajhizoti kommutatsioni yo samti intiqol va digar manbahoe, ki ba vositai simho, radio, vositahoi optiki yo digari elektroni, az jumla shabakoti radifi, shabakahoi qaydshuda (kommutatsiyai khati aloqa va pokati, hamzamon Internet va 1R-telefoni) va sayyori zamini, shabakahoi baroi radioshunavoni va televizion istifodashavanda, hamchunin shabakahoi kabeli, ki novobasta az namudi ittilooti intiqolshavanda ishorathoro tahvil medihand;

«khizmatrasonii aloqai barqi» mahsuli faoliyati operator va provayder oid ba qabul, intiqol, korkardi ishoratho va digar namudhoi ittiloot tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqi;

«tajhizoti nihoi» vositahoi tekhniki yo dastgohhoe, ki tavassuti khati abonenti yo bo istifoda az tajhizoti simi, optikiyu nakhi va elektromagniti ba shabakai aloqai barqi payvastshuda, ki istifodabaranda bo yorii onho metavonad ittilootro intiqol dihad, digargun sozad yo qabul kunad;

«payvandkunii baynishabakavi» amali mutaqobilai tekhnologii bayni shabakoti aloqai barqii operatoroni gunoguni aloqai barqi, ki qabulu .intiqoli ittilootro dar bayni istifodabarandagon tamin menamoyad;

«tajhizoti radio» tajhizoti barqii intiqolkunanda yo qabulkunandae, ki ba vositai on intiqoli ittiloot be yagon khati aloqai simi ba amal barovarda meshavad;

«spektri radiobasomad» majmui mavjhoi elektromagnitii (radiomavjho bo zudii dar khududi az ZkGs to 3000 GGs) dar fazo be istifoda az mavjbari suni pahnshavanda, ki hangomi tashkili radioaloqa, efiri televizioni va radioshunavoni va digar mavridhoi intiqoli ishorathoi barqi be payvacti jismi istifoda karda meshavand;

«vositahoi aloqa» dastgohhoi tekhniki, tajhizot, inshoot va sistemahoe, ki baroi tashakkul, korkard, intiqol, qabul va kommutatsiyai ishorathoi elektromagniti va optiki istifoda karda meshavand;

«operatori shabakai aloqai barqi» shakhsi voqei yo huquqi, ki sohibi shabakai aloqai barqi buda, koru amal, rushdi onro tamin menamoyad va khizmati aloqai barqiro ba jo meorad;

«provayderi khizmati aloqai barqi» shakhsi voqei yo huquqi, ki dar asoshoi tijorati ba vositai shabakai operatoron ba istifodabarandagon khizmati aloqai barqi merasonand:

«khizmati universali» majmui khizmati aloqai barqii istifodai umum, ki ba hama guruzdai istifodabarandagon, az jumla huquqi dastras budan ba khizmati aloqai telefoni va telegraf, khizmati ittilooti va spravqadihi, khizmati telefonhoi khudkori istifodai umum baroi tahdili bepuli zangho ba hadamoti sadamavi rasonida meshavad;

«istifodabarandai khizmati aloqai barqi» shakhsi huquqi yo voqei, ki az khizmati aloqai barqii istifodai umum istifoda mebarad va yo pursish ba amal meovarad;

«shabakai aloqai hukumati» shabakai makhsuei aloqa, ki tahvili malumoti doroi sirri davlatiro tamin menamoyad va ba manfiati idorii davlat dar zameni osoishta va holati jangi faoliyat mekunad;

«simkort» moduli hammonandsozi (identifikatsioni) buda, dar khotirai on ittiloot dar borai khizmatrasoni, malumoti muayyankunandai istifodabarandai khizmati aloqai barqi joygir karda shuda, peshnihodi khizmatrasonii operatori shabakai aloqai barqiro tamin menamoyad;

«hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai shakhsiyati shakhsi voqei va yo hujjathoi tasisii shakhsi huquqi» hujjathoi peshnihodshavanda hangomi payvastshavi ba shabakai aloqai barqi baroi shakhsi voqei shinosnoma – (baroi shakhsoni beshahrvand – shahodatnomai baqaydgiri) va baroi shakhsoni huquqi shahodatnoma dar borai baqaydgirii davlati meboshand; (QJT az 28.12.13s., №1047)

«sistemai raqamguzori» tartibi taqsim va raqamguzori (moc kardani raqamho yo nishonho) bayni operatoron, provayderho va tajhizoti nihoii istifodabarandagon;

«plani raqamguzori» raqamtuzorii mushakhkhasi bayni operatoron, provayderho va tajhizoti nihoii istifodabarandagon.

 

Moddai 3. Prinsiphoi faoliyat dar sohai aloqai barqi

 

Faoliyat dar sohai aloqai barqi mutobiqi prinsiphoi zerin ba amal barovarda meshavad:

– ba hamai shakhsoni voqei va huquqi barobar dastras budani   infrastrukturai hozirazamonu samaranok va khizmatrasonii aloqai barqi;

– musoidat ba raqobati samaranok va ozod dar bozori aloqai barqi ba manfiati istifodabarandagon;

– muhayyo kardani sharoiti musoid baroi jalbi sarmoyaguzoroni khoriji dar sohai aloqai barqi;

– faroham ovardani sharoit nisbati dastras budani shabakoti istifodai umumi va payvandhoi baynishabakoti, ki kafolati kholisona, oshkoro, roh nadodan ba poymolkunii huquq, tamini sharoithoi barobar dar bozor va imkoniyati aloqaro bayni istifodabarandagon medihad;

– musoidat ba rasonidani khizmathoi ananavii boetimod va balandsifati aloqai barqi,

– jori namudani shaklhoi navi khizmatrasoni va tamini mutobiqati shabaqahoi aloqai barqi bo shabakahoi baynalmilalii aloqai barqi;

– muhayyo kardani khizmatrasonii universalii aloqa dar kalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston bo darnazardoshti husueiyatho va sharoithoi milli;

– mahfuz doshtani akhboroti isgifodabarandagon az tarafi operatoroni shabakahoi aloqai barqi;

– dastras budani shabakahoi aloqai barqi dar vaziyathoi favkulodda va baroi ijroi vazifaho dar sohai idorakunii davlati, tamini mudofia va amniyati Jumhurii Tojikiston va hifzi tartiboti huquqi.

 

Moddai 4. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai aloqai barqi

 

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai aloqai barqi ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad.

 

BOBI II.

IDORAKUNII DAVLATI DAR SOHAI ALOQAI BARQI

 

Moddai 5. Idorakunii davlati dar sohai aloqai barqi

 

Idorakunii davlatii faoliyat dar sohai aloqai barqi va radiobasomadhoro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston va maqomoti vakolatdori davlati dar sohai aloqai barqi ba amal mebarorand.

 

Moddai 6. Vakolathoi Hukumati Jumhrii Tojikistoi

 

Vakolathoi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai aloqai barqi:

guzaronidani siyosati davlati dar sohai aloqai barqi;

faroham ovardani sharoiti zaruri baroi jalbi investitsiyaho;

tahiya va ba amal barovardani barnomai gayriinkhisori va khususigardoni dar sohai aloqai barqi;

– tasdiqi Tartib va talaboti payvastshavi ba shabakai aloqai barqi va khizmatrasonihoi vobasta ba on;    (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1271)

– tasdiqi Tartibi khizmatrasoni va istifodabarii aloqai radifi; (QJT az 25.12.15s., №1271)

tasdiqi nomgui namudhoi khizmati universali.

Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikieton vakolati tanzimi faoliyatro dar sohai aloqai barqi ba maqomoti vakolatdori davlati dar sohai aloqai barqi, maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi va digar maqomoti hokimiyati ijroiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston dar doirai salohiyate, ki Qonuni mazkur ba onho dodaast, vomeguzorad.

 

Moddai 7. Vakolathoi maqomoti vakolatdori davlati dar sohai aloqai barqi

 

Ba maqomoti vakolatdori davlati dar sohai aloqai barqi vakolathoi asosii zerin doda shudaast:

– tahiyai siyosati yagona dar sohai aloqai barqi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston mutobiqi prinsiphoe, ki dar Qonuni mazkur ifoda yoftaand;

– tatbiqi siyosati mazkur ba maqsadi vusati farogiri bo khizmati aloqai barqi baroi tamini ehtiyojoti rushdi iqtisodi va ichtimoii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– tahiyai loihahoi qonunho va digar sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqi, inchunin standartho, meyorho va qoidahoi baamalbarorii faoliyat Dar sohai aloqai barqi tibqi tartibi muqarrarshuda;

– muhayyo kardani sharoiti musoid baroi jalbi sarmoyaguzorii khoriji va vatani ba sohai aloqai barqi va ba vujud ovardani muhiti raqobat baroi operatoron va provayderho bo maqsadi tamini dactras budani shaklhoi nisbatan peshqadami khizmatrasonii aloqai barqi baroi istifodabarandagon;

– burdani guftuguho oid ba masalahoi aloqai barqi bo davlatho va hukumathoi digar, inchunin bastani shartnomaho dar surati dodani vakolathoi dakhldor;

– ba amal barovardani faoliyat dar doirai tashkilothoi mintakavi va baynalmilali dar sohai aloqai barqi ba sifati mamuriyati aloqai yagona;

– ijroi digar vazifahoe, ki mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur va digar canadhoi meyorivu huquqi ba uhdai on guzoshga shudaast.

 

BOBI SH.

TANZIMKUNI DAR SOHAI ALOQAI BARQI

 

Moddai 8. Maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi

 

Nazorat va tanzimi faoliyat dar sohai aloqai barqi az jonibi maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi ba amal barovarda meshavad.

Tasisdihi, vazi huquqi va sokhtori tashkilii maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.

(QJT az 20.03.08 s., №379)

 

Moddai 9. Vazifahoi maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi

 

Maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi dar doirai vakolathoi khud mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur vazifahoi zerinro ba amal mebarorad:

– raqobati ozodi (samaranok va odilonai) bayni operatoroni aloqai barqiro, az jumla ba tariqi tasdiqi qoida va dasturhoi dakhldor nazorat va tanzim menamoyad;

– ba hamai istifodabarandagon barobar dastras budani shabaqoti aloqai barqii ictifodai umumro dar asosi khizmatrasonii khushsifat va rioyai mahfuziyati akhborot, inchunin hifzi sirri malumoti khususiro dar borai istifodabarandagon tamin menamoyad;

– ba khotiri mudofia va amniyati millii Jumhurii Tojikiston, hifzi tartiboti huquqi va dar vaziyathoi favkulodda ijroi uhdadorihoero, ki ba operatoroni aloqai barqii ictifodai umum guzoshta shudaand, tamin menamoyad;

– holat va inkishofi shabakoti aloqai barqii ietifodai umum va khizmatrasonii aloqai barqii ietifodai umumro nazorat mekunad;

– ba ictifodai radiobasomadho dar diapazonhoe, ki bo istifoda az onho operatoron va provayderon khizmati aloqai barqiro merasonand, ijozat medihad va onhoro tanzim menamoyad;

– rioyai payvastshavi ba shabakai aloqai barqi, khizmatrasoniho va istifodabarii on, inchunin khizmatrasoni va istifodabarii aloqai radifiro sanjish va nazorat namuda, jihati ijroi talaboti muqarrargardida chorahoi dakhldor meandeshad;(QJT az 25.12.15s., №1271)

– naqshai raqamguzorii millii aloqai Jumhurii Tojikiston (az on jumla ramzhoi baynishahpi va baynalmilali)-ro tartib medihad va nazorati ijroi onro ba amal mebarorad, ictifodai samaranoki raqamho, inchunin judo kardani raqamho yo diapazonnoi raqamhoro ba operatoroni aloqai barqi tamin menamoyad;

-sifati khizmathoi aloqai barqii rasonidashavanda va holati tekhnikii vositahoi aloqai barqiro zeri nazorat megirad.

 

Moddai 10. Vakolathoi maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi

 

Baroi ba amal barovardani vazifahoi khud ba maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi vakolathoi zerin doda meshavand:

– guzaronidani sertifikatsiya, dodani sertifikati mutobiqat ba tajhizot va khizmati aloqai barqi (yo tartibi ictifodai sertifikata davlathoi digar), inchunin ba digar vositahoi tekhniki, radiobasomadhoi shuoafkan yo manbai mavjhoi balandbasomadi elektromagnitie, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston istifoda meshavand;

– yakjoya bo maqomi davlatii siyosati ziddiinhieori andeshidani tadbirhoi giriftani peshi rohi faoliyate, ki ba muqobili raqobat dar sohai aloqai barqi ravon karda shudaast;

– tanzimi  sifati khizmatrasonii shabaqahoi aloqai barqi muvofiqi muqarraroti Qonuni mazkur;

– tanzimi sharoiti ictifodai yakjoyai (payvandhoi baynishabaqotii) shabakoti aloqai barqii ictifodai umum az tarafi operatoroni aloqai barqi;

– nazorati rioyai talaboti standartho, qoidaqo, asnodi meyori va ijroi sharthoi ijozatnomai dodashuda;

– jamovari va tamini mahfuziyati ittilooti ba dastomada dar mavridhoi zaruri, irsoli natijahoi sanjish va digar mavodi marbut ba onho bo tartibi muayyannamudai qonun ba maqomoti dakhldor;

– ba amal barovardani nazorati muvofiqati faoliyati shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki ba istifodabarii basomadho ijozat giriftaand, ba muqarraroti in ijozatnomaho, oshkor va bartaraf kardani ishoratho va radiokhalalhoi beijozat;

– ba vujud ovardan, inkishof dodan va istifodai sistemai davlatii nazorati radio, ki sistemai ba ham aloqamandi vositahoi tekhnikii nazorati radioi dar qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston buda, ba guzaronidani chenkunii umumii istifodai kanalho va qitai radiobasomadho, taftishi sifati tekhniki va istifodabarii radioishorathoi intiqolshavanda, oshkor va farq kardani radiofiristonihoi beijozat va manbahoi shuoafkanii balandbasomadi elektromagniti, radiokhalalho imkoniyat medihad; (QJT az 20.03.08 s., № 379)

– qabul, nashr va nazorati ijroi lozimai qoidaho, nishondodhoi metodi, dasturamalho va digar sanadhoe, ki baroi ba amal barovardani vakolati khud zarurand;

(QJT az 25.12.15s., №1271)

– muqarrar kardani tartibi mushakhkhasi halli ikhtilofhoe, ki bayni operatoroni aloqai barqi, inchunin operatoroni aloqai barqi va istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai barqi ruy medihand;

– ijroi digar vazifaho va vakolatho mutobiqi Qonuni mazkur yo digar sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

Qarorhoi maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi baroi hamai cubekthoi tanzimshavanda dar sohai aloqai barqi sarfi nazar az shakli molikiyatashon khatmi meboshand.

 

Moddai 11. bo QJT az 20.03.08 s., №379 khorij karda shud

 

Moddai 12. Komissiyai davlati oid ba radiobasomadhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Bo maqsadi tarhrezi va tatbiqi siyosati yagona dar Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai taqsim va istifoda az spektrhoi radiobasomad, tamini mutobiqati elektromagnitii vositahoi radioelektronii hamai istifodabarandagon va hifzi huquqii manfiathoi davlat dar Ittifoqi baynalmilalii aloqai barqi az tarafi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston Komissiyai davlati oid ba radiobasomadhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston sozmon doda meshavad.

Komissiyai davlati oid ba radiobasomadhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston faoliyati khudro dar asosi Nizomnomae, ki Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunad, ba roh memonad.

 

Moddai 13. Vazifahoi Komissiyai davlati oid ba radiobasomadhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Komissiyai davlati oid ba radiobasomadhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston vazifahoi zerinro amali megardonad:

– banaqshagirii istifodai samaranok va behalal az spektri radiobasomadhoi jamiyati, ba shumuli istifodai khususii onho;

– ba vujud ovardani Naqshai millii taqsimi radiobasomadho;

– hamohangsozii nasbi hama namudhoi radiostansiyaho dar kalamravi jumhuri bo maqsadi istifodai oqilonai mavqehoi mavjuda;

– tahiyai tavsiyaho va tartibi istifoda az spektri radiobasomad;

– tarkhrezii konsepsiyai darozmuddati inkishofi sistemai spektri radiobaeomad dar Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– tahiyai mavqe va musoidat kardan dar mavridi namoyandagi az manfiathoi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar guftushunidhoi baynalmilali oid ba masalahoi spektrhoi radiobasomad.

Qarorho dar nisbati nasbi radioetansiyaho tanho bo rizoyati Komissiyai davlati oid ba radiobasomadhoi Jumhurii  Tojikiston qabul karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 14. Huquqhoi Komissiyai davlati oid ba radiobasomadho dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Komissiyai davlati oid ba radiobasomadhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston huquq dorad:

– qarorhoi peshtar qabulkardai Komissiyai davlatiro oid ba radiobasomadhoi Jumhurmi Tojikiston dar borai taqsimi basomadho beqor kunad;

– man kardani istifoda az radiobasomadho dar kalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar surati vayron kardani tartibe, ki baroi istifodai onho muqarrar shudaast;

– bekor yo man kardani tahiya va istehsoli dastgohho va vositahoi radio, ki ba talaboti muqarrarkardai tekhniki javobgu nestand.

 

Moddai 15. Tanzimi istifodai spektrhoi radiobasomad

 

Spektri radiobasomad molikiyati Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad. Tartibi tanzimi istifodai spektri radiobasomad az tarafi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavad.

Istifoda az spektri radiobasomad bo maqsadi istifodabari az shabakahoi aloqai barqi va rasonidani khizmati aloqai barqi az tarafi shakhsoni voqei va huquqi dar asosi ijozatnomai dakhldor mutobiqi Naqshai millii taqsimoti radiobasomadho amali karda meshavad. (QJT az 20.03.08 s., №379)

Ijozatnoma ba istifoda az spektri radiobasomad hamzamon bo ijozatnomai muvofiq ba operatori aloqai barqi doda meshavad. Ijozatnomai ictifodai spektri radiobasomad ba hamon mehlate doda meshavad, ki baroi ijozatnomai istifodabari az shabakoti aloqai barqi, rasonidani khizmati aloqai barqi, intiqoli malumot peshbini gardidaast.

Spektri radiobasomad dar asosi puli doda meshavad.

Andoza va tartibi pardokhti podosh baroi spektrhoi radiobasomadi azkhudkardashudaro Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad.

Hama guna vosigahoi tekhnikie, ki shuoafkanihoi radiobasomadi medihand yo manbai mavjhoi balandbasomadi elektromagnita meboshand, muvofiqi tartibi muqarrarkardai Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba qayd girifta meshavand.

Radiobasomadhoi giriftashudai istifodabarandagon metavonand az jonibi maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi tanho dar holathoi zerin bekor yo tagyir doda shavand, digargun yo az nav taqsim gardand:

– vaqte ki chunin amalro manfiati tamini mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston, amniyati Jumhurii Tojikiston, hifzi tartiboti huquqi yo vaziyati favkulodda taqozo mekunad va on tanho bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston yo muvofiqi sozishnomaphoi baynalmilali ba amal barovarda meshavad;

– bo tavsiyai tashkilothoi baynalmilali dar sohai ictifodai radiobasomadho yo ki ba maqsadi ictifodai purrai spektri radiobasomadho;

– agar chunin istifodabarandagon sari vaqt ijozati ictifodai spektri digari klyospazirro girifta boshand.

Dar in holat kharojothoi operatoroni aloqai barqi ba munosibati guzarishi favkulodda ba basomadhoi digar dar natijai tatbiqi nishondodhoi qismi shashumi moddai mazkur az tarafi davlat jubron karda meshavad.

 

BOBI IV.

IJOZATNOMADIHI VA SERTIFIKATSIYA

 

Moddai 16. Ijozatiomadihi dar sohai aloqai barqi

 

Ijozatnomadihii faoliyat dar sohai aloqai barqi muvofiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston « Dar borai   ijozatnomadihi ba baze namudhoi faoliyat» amali karda meshavad:

– amali gardonidani siyosati yagonai davlati dar sohai aloqai barqi, hamohangsozii faoliyati operatoroni gunoguni aloqai barqi dar bozor baroi tamini hamkorii mutaqobilai onho va bo shabaqoti aloqai barqii istifodai umum;

– musoidat ba faoliyati gayriinhisori dar sohai aloqai barqi, inkishofi liberalizatsiyai bozori khizmati aloqai barqi, rushdi sohibkori va raqobati ozod;

– jalb kardani sarmoyai khoriji baroi inkishofi sokha;

– tamini satkhi balandi sifati khizmati aloqa.

Ijozatnomaho baroi ba amal barovardani namudi muayyani faoliyat dar sohai aloqai barqi umumi yo infirodi shuda metavonand.

Ba ijozatnomahoi umumi ijozatnomae dokhil meshavand, ki ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi baamalbarorii faoliyat dar sohai aloqai barqi dar asosi talaboti yagona baroi giriftani ijozatnoma doda meshavand. Mundarijai ijozatnomahoi umumi baroi hamai ijozatnomahoe, ki ki baroi istifodabarii hamon yak navi shabaqai aloqa, inchunin baroi hamon yak navi khizmatrasonii aloqa doda meshavand, boyad yakkhela boshand.

Ba ijozatnomahoi infirodi ijozatnomae mansuband, ki ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi baamalbarorii faoliyat dar sohai aloqai barqi dar asosi talabotu sharthoi makhsus doda shudaand. Loihakashi, sokhtmon, istifodabari va rasonidani khizmati aloqai barqii zerin boyad tahti ijozatnomadihii infirodi qaror girand:

– shabakoti aloqai barqii ictifodai umumii mahalli, baynishahri va baynalmilali;

– shabakoti aloqai mutaharriki radiotelefoni (aloqai sayyori kandui);

– shabakoti radiodavati shakhsi;

– shabakoti intiqoli malumot;

–          shabakoti pakhshi barnomakhoi televizion va radioshunavoni.

Hamai shakhsoni voqei va huquqi ba giriftani ijozatnoma huquqi barobar dorand. Bo sababi mahdudiyathoi tekhniki yo mahdudiyati miqdori basomad, yo dar surati imkoniyati tekhniki va moliyavi nadoshtani arizadihanda baroi ijroi mutadili uhdadorihoi khud muvofiqi sharthoe, ki vai faoliyati khudro amali mekunad, mumkin ast ijozatnoma doda nashavad.

Agar miqdori ijozatnomho bo sababhoi tekhniki mahdud boshad, dodani ijozatnomaho dar asosi ozmun (tender) ba amal barovarda meshavad. Tartibi guzaronidani ozmun (tender)-horo Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar mekunad.

 

Moddai 17. Sertifikatsiyai tajhizot

 

Hamai vositahoi aloqai barqi, az jumla tajizoti nihoii dar shabakoti aloqai barqii dar Jumhurii Tojikiston istifodashavanda jihati muvofiqat ba standarthoi jopi, sharthoi tekhniki va digar meyorho, az jumla standarthoi baynalmilali va millii mamlakathoi digar muvofiqd tartibi muqarrarshuda dar asosi shartnomahoi dujonibai etirofi sertifikatsiyaho mavridi sertifikatsiya qaror megirand.

Sertifikatsiyai vositahoi aloqai barqi yo tartibi istifodai sertifikathoi mamlakathoi digar dar Jumhurii Tojikiston az tarafi maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi ba amal barovarda meshavad.

 

BOBI V.

FAOLIYAT DAR SOHAI ALOQAI BARQI

 

Moddai 18. Huquk va uhdadorihoi operatoron va provaydsroni khizmati aloqai barqi

 

Operatoron va provayderon  huquk, dorand:

dar surati az jonibi istifodabarandagon vayron kardani qoidahoi muqarrargardidai istifodai aloqai barqi khizmatrasoniro ba onho bozdorand;

– jubroni zararero, ki bo aybi shakhsoni voqei va huquqi rui medihad, talab kunand;

– nisbat ba amali gayriqonunii shakhsoni voqei va huquqi muvofiqi  qonunguzori arz kunand.

Operatoron va provayderon muvofiqi qonunguzori huquqhoi digarro niz doshta metavonand.

 

Moddai 19. Huquqi istifodabaraidagoni khizmati aloqai barqi

 

Istifodabarandagon huquq dorand:

  khizmati shabakai aloqai barqii istifodai umum ba onho dastras boshad;

– tajhizoti nihoii khudro ba shabakai aloqai barqii istifodai umum mutobiqi shartho va tartibe, ki qonunguzori muayyan kardaast, payvast kunand;

– az khizmatrasonii sarivakti va bosifati operatoron va provayderon mutobiqi qoidahoi .muqarrarshuda istifoda barand;

– az khizmati aloqai barqi, dar surati az tarafi operator yo provayder rioya nashudani sharthoe, ki dar shartnoma zikr gardidaand, dast kashand;

– dar natijai narasonidani khizmat yo sifati pasti khizmatrasoni pardokhtani tovoni zarar va jubroni zarari manaviro talab kunand;

– dar surati vayron kardani huquqhoi onho ba maqomi davlatii vakolatdor va sud murojiat namoyand.

Dar holati istifoda gardidani khizmati aloqai barqi az jonibi farzand, padaru modari u huquq dorand az operatoron va provayderon oid ba istifodabarii khizmati aloqai barqi malumoti dakhldorro ba tavri dakhldor girand  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1301).

Istifodabarandagon muvofiqi qonunguzori huquqhoi digarro niz doshta metavonand.

 

Moddai 20. Vazifahoi operatoroi va provayderopi khizmati aloqai barqi

 

Operatoron va provayderon vazifadorand:

ba istidabarandagon khizmat rasonand;

– ba amal barovardani faoliyat dar cohai aloqai barqi muvofiqi sharthoi ijozatnoma va qoidahoi muqarrarshuda;

– mutobiqi standartho, qoidavu meyorhoi muqarrargardida sifati khizmati rasonidashavandaro tamin namoyand;

ba padaru modar malumotro dar borai istifodai khizmati aloqai barqi az jonibi farzandon roygon peshnihod kunand  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1301);

– shartnomaro bevosita bo khudi shakhsoni voqei yo huquqi dar asosi hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai shakhsiyati shakhsoni voqei yo hujjathoi tasisii shakhsoni huquqi bandand; (QJT az 28.12.13s., №1047)

– tibqi Tartib va talaboti muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston aznavbaqaydgirii simkorthoi istifodabarandagonro guzaronand;(QJT az 25.12.15s., №1271)

– sirri guftuguhoi telefoni, telegrafi va digar ,malumotero, ki tariq shabakoti aloqai barqi intiqol megardand,  rioya kunand;

–          ba istifodabarandagon sari vaqt akhboroti mufassal doyr ba sharoitu tartibi rasonidani khizmati aloqai barqi, az jumla tagyiryobii tarifho ba khizmati aloqai barqi peshnihod namoyand;

–          pardokhtani tovoni zarari rasonidashudaro ba istifodabarandagon muvofiqi qonunguzori binobar ijro nakardan va yo bo sifati nomuvofiq ijrr namudani shartnomahoi rasonidani khizmati aloqai barqi, inchunin narasonydan va yo bo sifati nomuvofiq rasonidani khizmat pardozand.

Operatoron va provayderon muvofiqi qonunguzori uhdadorihoi digarro niz doshta metavonand.

 

Moddai 21. Vazifahoi istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai barqi

 

Istifodabarandagon vazifadorand:

qoidahoi muqarrarshudai istifoda az khizmati aloqai barqiro rioya namoyand;

– tajhizoti nihoiero, ki sertifikata muvofiqat ba standartnoi muqarrarshuda dorand, istifoda barand;

– hangomi bastani shartnoma hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai shakhsiyati shakhsi voqei va yo hujjathoi tasisii shakhsi huquqiro peshnihod namoyand; (QJT az 28.12.13s., №1047)

– simkorthoi khudro dar operatoroni khizmati aloqai barqi tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az nav ba qayd girand;(QJT az 25.12.15s., №1271)

– sarivakt podoshi khizmati ba onho rasonidashudaro pardozand; amalhoero, ki ba past shudani sifati kor va yo vayron kardani shabakoti aloqai barqi ovarda merasonand, sodir nakunand.

Istifodabarandagon muvofiqi qonunguzori uhdadorihoi digarro niz doshta metavonand.

 

Moddai 22. bo QJT az 31.12.08 s., №462 khorij karda shud

 

Moddai 23. bo QJT az 31.12.08 s., №462 khorij karda shud

 

Moddai 24. Sirri aloqi barqi

 

Sirri guftuguyhoi telefoni, telegrafi, elektroni va digar akhborote, ki az tariqi shabaqoti aloqai barqi intikol meyoband, az tarafi qonun himoya meshavad.

Hamai operatoroni aloqai barqi vazifadorand, ki sirri guftuguyho va akhboroti irsolshavandaro mahfi nigoh dorand. Malumot oid ba akhborot va inchunin khudi akhboroti tavassuti shabakoti aloqai barqi intiqolgardida tanho ba khudi shakhsoni firistanda va yo namoyandai qonunii on peshnihod karda meshavad.

Gush kardani guftuguyhoi telefoni, shinosoi bo akhboroti tariqi shabakoti aloqai barqi intiqolshavanda, dastras kardani malumot doyr ba onho, inchunin digar mahdudiyathoi sirri guftuguyho va akhborot tanho dar asos va bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ijozat doda meshavad.

SHakhsoni mancabdor va digar ashkhose, ki ba vayron namudani muqarraroti moddai mazkur roh dodaand, mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

BOBI VI.

SHABAKOTI ALOQAI BARQI, PAYVANDHOI BAYNI SHABAKAHO, TAJHIZOTI NIHOI VA RAQAMGUZORI

 

Moddai 25. Majmui amvoli shabakoti aloqai barqi

 

Ba majmui amvoli aloqai barqi binoho, apparatura, tajhizot, inshooti kabelu kanalizatsioni va khati kabel, simjubhoi khathoi aloqai havoi, tajhizoti khati radioreleii aloqa va sietemahoi radiotelefonii aloqa (besim), tajhizoti aloqai radifii zamini, vositahoi naqliyot dokhil meshavand.

 

Moddai 26. SHaklhoi molikiyat ba shabakahoi aloqai barqi

 

SHabakahoi aloqai barqi metavonand moliqiyati khueusi va davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston boshand. Ruikhati shabakaho va vositahoi aloqaro, ki tanho molikiyati davlati makhsub meshavand, Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad. khamai sohiboni shabakoti aloqai barqi huquqhoi barobar dorand va bo qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston himoya karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 27. SHabakai aloqai barqii istifodai umum

 

SHabakai aloqai barqii istifodai umum shabakai aloqai barqie meboshad, ki baroi rasonidani khizmati aloqai barqi ba hamai shakhsoni voqei va huquqii kalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar asosi prinsiphoi yagonai khizmatrasoni, tartibi peshnihod va pardokhti on peshbini karda shudaast.

Har yak shakhsi voqei yo huquqi metavonad shabakai aloqai barqii istifodai umumro sozmon dihad va istifoda barad, inchunin muvofiqi muqarraroti Qonuni mazkur khizmati aloqai barqii istifodai umumro peshnihod namoyad.

 

Moddai 28. SHabakoti aloqai barqii maqomoti idoravi va judoshuda

 

Ba shabakoti aloqai barqii maqomoti idoravi shabakoti aloqai barqie mansuband, ki baroi tamini ehtiyojoti istehsoli va makhsusi shakhsoni voqei va huquqi peshbini shuda, dar ikhtiyori onho meboshand va az tarafi onho istifoda burda meshavand. SHabakoti aloqai barqii maqomoti idoravi metavonand baroi rasonidaii khizmati aloqai barqi ba digar istifodabarandagon niz peshnihod karda shavand.

Ba shabakoti aloqai barqii judoshuda shabakoti aloqai barqii shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki baroi rasonidani khizmati aloqai barqi ba doirai mahdudi istifodabarandagon peshbini shudaand, mansuband.

Qoidahoi khizmatrasoni az tarafi operatorski shabakoti aloqai barqii idoraho az jonibi operatoroni khudi hamin shabakoti aloqai barqi mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikieton muqarrar karda meshavad.

Vasli shabakoti aloqai barqii idoravi va judoshuda bo shabakai aloqai barqii istifodai umum tanho dar asosi shartnomai dakhldor ba amal barovarda meshavad. SHartu talaboti chunin tarzi vasli baynishabakoti bo Qonuni mazkur muqarrar karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 29. Vaslhoi baynishabakoti

 

Operatoroni shabakoti aloqai barqii istifodai umum, ki mavqei bartari dorand, vazifadorand darkhosthoro oid ba vasli baynishabakotii shabakahoi khud bo shabakahoi operatoroni digari aloqai barqie, ki ijozatnoma dorand, qone gardonand.

Vasli baynishabaqoti dar asosi shartnomahoi bayni operatoroni aloqai barqi, ki maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi tasdiq mekunad, ba amal barovarda meshavad. Muqarraroti shartnoma oid ba vasli baynishabakoti naboyad ba muqarraroti Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyoriyu huquqi va sharthoi vasli baynishabaqoti, ki onho tariqi qonunguzori dar sohai aloqai barqi muqarrar gardidaand, mukholif boshand.

Dar surati vujud doshtani imkoniyati tekhniki baroi vasli baynishabakoti ijroi on naboyad rad karda shavad. Har yak radkunii vasli baynishabakoti boyad purra asosnok karda shavad.

Dar surati rad namudan ba vasli baynishabakoti baroi halli masalahoi bakhstalab tarafi jabrdida megavonad ba maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi murojiat namoyad.

 

Moddai 30. Tajhizoti nihoi

 

Har yak shakhsi voqei va huquqi huqyqi vorid namudan, furush, vaslu istifodabari va Hizmatrasonii tajhizoti nihoiro dorad.

Har yak tajhizoti nihoi metavonad ba shabakai aloqai barqii istifodai umum tanho dar curate vasl karda shavad, ki on ba talaboti asosii moddai mazkur muvofiq buda, bo tartibi muqarrarshuda sertifikat giriftaast.

Talaboti asosi nisbati tajhizoti nihoi az inho iborat meboshand:

– behavfi baroi istifodabarandagon va hayati kormandoni shabakai aloqai barqi;

– muvofiqat ba talaboti mutobiqati elektromagnita;

– samaranok istifoda burdani spektri radiobasomad va peshgiri namudani halalhoi radiotekhniki bayni sistemahoi kaykhoni va ruizamini;

– mutobiqat va hamkoriho bo vositahoi shabakai aloqai barqii istifodai umum;

– jonibdorii tasnifoti dakhldore, ki dastras namudani aloqai tajiliro kafolat medihand va kori az onho istifoda burdani istifodabarandagoni jisman mayubro oson menamoyand.

Maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi nomgui tajhizoti nihoiero, ki sertifikati mutobiqat dorad, nashr mekunad.

 

Moddai 31. Raqamguzori

 

Maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi idorakunii rakamguzoriro ba amal barovarda, naqshai millii raqamguzorii Jumhurii Tojikistonro muqarrar menamoyad va nazorat mekunad.

Maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi operatoroni aloqa va istifodabarandagonro, ki tajhizoti nihoi dorand, bo taqsimot va istifodai samaranoki raqamho tamin menamoyad.

Raqamhoi aloqai barqi ba operatoron va istifodabarandagoni khizmati aloqai barqi dar asosi pardokhti puli doda meshavad. Miqdor va tartibi pardokhti istifodabarii zakhirahoi raqamguzori az tarafimaqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi dar muvofiqa bo maqomoti davlatii ziddiinhisori  muayyan karda meshavand. (QJT az 31.12.08s., №462).

 

Moddai 32. Hizmatrasonii universali

 

Hizmatrasonii universali az rui tarifho va sharthoi tekhniki ba guruhhoi alohidai istifodabarandagoni jicman mayubi ba in khizmatrasoni ehtiyojoti makhsusdoshta peshnihod gardida, baroi ba onho dastras budani khizmati aloqa musoidat menamoyad. Intiqoli zangzanihoi bemuzd ba hadamothoi sadamavi va tajili baroi hamai taminkunandagoni khizmati aloqai telefonii istifodai umum hatmi meboshad.

Ba operatorov vazifahoi rasonidani khizmati universali metavonand voguzor shavand. Tartibi rasonidani khizmati universali az tarafi operatoroni aloqai barqii universali va mablagguzorii harojoti ijroi vazifaho nisbati khizmati universali bo Nizomnoma dar borai Hizmatrasonii universali, ki Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq mekunad, muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 33. Istifodai shabakoti aloqai barqi ba manfiati idorakunii davlati, mudofia, amniyati milli, hifzi

                   tartiboti huquqi va dar holathoi favkulodda

 

SHabakai hukumatii aloqai barqi az tarafi maqomote, ki makhsus, bino ba tainoti Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda shudaast, bunyod va istifoda karda meshavad. SHabakai hukumatii aloqai barqi boyad mahfiyati malumotero, ki ba tavaesuti in shabaka tahvil megardad, tamin namoyad.

Hamai vazoratu idorahoi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki az shabakoti aloqai barqii dokhili istifoda mebarand va inchunin operatoroni shabakoti aloqai barqii istifodai umum vazifadorand baroi ijroi talaboti idorai davlati, az jumla mudofia, amniyat, hifzi tartiboti huquqi va dar holathoi favkulodda peshnihod namudani shabaqaho va khizmati aloqai barqiro tamin namoyand.

Idorakunii shabakoti aloqai barqi dar holathoi favkulodda az jonibi maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi dar hamkori bo sokhtorhoi kudrati, inchunin vazoratu muassisahoe, ki shabakoti aloqai barqii khudi dorand, ba amal barovarda meshavad.

Hangomi rui dodani holathoi favkuloddae (amaliyothoi jangi, ofathoi tabii, karantin va gayra), ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan kardaast, maqomi davlatii vakolatdor dar istifodabari huquqi bartariyatnok doshta, inchunin baroi mahdudkuni va yo bozdoshtani faoliyati har yak shabaka va vositai aloqai barqy sarfi nazar az mansubiyati idoravii onho huquq dorand.

Zarari ba operatoroni aloqai barqi dar holathoi favkulodda, inchunin bo maqsadi tamini mudofiai milli, amniyat, hifzi tartiboti huquqi zimni ictifodabarii shabakaho va vositahoi aloqai barqi rasonidashuda mutobiqi qonunguzori va muvofiqi tartibe, ki Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan kardaast, jubron karda meshavad.

Operatoroni aloqai barqi vazifadorand tajhizot va ictifodabarii vositahoero, ki baroi khabardorkunii aholi az havfi holathoi favkulodda zarurand, tamin namoyand.

 

Moddai 34. Amali yakjoyai operatoron va provayderoni khizmati aloqai barqi bo maqome, ki faoliyati favrii

                   justujuro amali megardonand

 

Operatoron va provayderoni khizmati aloqai barqi, ki dar kalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston faoliyat mekunand, sarfi nazar az mansubiyati idori va SHakli molikiyat, mavridi korkard, ofarinish va ictifodabari az shabakahoi aloqa muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston vazifadorand ba maqomhoe, ki faoliyati favrii justujui mebarand, kumak namoyand va ba tavassuti shabakai aloqai barqi ba amal barovardani chorabinihoi favrii justujui sharoit faroham ovarand, baroi roh nadodan ba oshkor kardani usulhoi tashkili va taqtiqii guzaronidani chorabinihoi mazkur choraho andeshand.

Dar surati istifodai gayriqonuni az vositahoi aloqa, ki ba manfiati shakhe, jomea va davlat zarar meovarand, idorahoi vakolatdori davlati huquq, dorand mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston faoliyati har guna shabaqa va vositahoi aloqaro, sarfi nazar az mansubiyati idori va shakli molikiyat bozdorand.

 

Moddai 35. Akhboroti afzaliyatnok

 

Operatoroni aloqai barqi va istifodabarandagon boyad bartariyati mutlaqi akhboroti zerinro tamin namoyand:

– khavfi bekhatarii hayoti inson dar ob, zamin, havo, fazoi kayhoni;

– guzaronidani chorabinihoi tahirnopazir jihati mudofia, amniyati milli va hifzi tartiboti huquqi;

– sadamahoi kalon, falokatho, pahnshavii epidemiyaho, murishi hayvonot, ofathoi tabii va digar holathoi favkulodda.

 

Moddai 36. Imtiyoz va bartariho dar mavridi istifoda az aloqai barqi

 

Baroi guruhi alohidai shakhsoni mansabdori maqomoti hokimiyati davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, namoyandagoni diplomativu konsulii davlathoi khorija, namoyandagoni tappsilothoi baynalmilali, inchunin guruhi alohidai shakhsoni voqei va huquqi hangomi ictifoda az aloqai barqi afzaliyatu imtiyozho oid ba navbat, tartibi ictifodabari va andozai pardokhti khizmati aloqai barqi muqarrar karda meshavand.

Nomgui guruhhoi shakhsone, ki ba chunin afzaliyatu imtiyozho huquq dorand, az tarafi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavad.

Jubroni daromadhoi purra ba dast ovardanashuda ba operatoron va yo khizmati aloqai barqi dar natijai muqarrar namudani imtiyozhoyu bartariho jihati ictifodabarii khizmati aloqa va yo digar namudi zarar bo tartibi muqarrarkardai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 37. Sifati khizmati aloqai barqi

 

Operatoroni aloqai barqi vazifadorand ba isgifodabarandagon chunon khizmat rasonand, ki ba talaboti hatmii sifati khizmati aloqai barqi ba standartho, meyorhoi tekhnikii khizmati aloqai barqi mutobiq boshad, inchunin onhoro doyr ba khizmati aloqai barqi va sifati on bo akhborot tamin namoyand.

Maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi jihati sifati khizmati aloqa baroi darajahoi gunoguni khizmati aloqai barqi, ki onho az jonibi Operatoroni shabakai aloqai barqii istifodai umum peshnihod  megardand, talaboti haddi aqalro muqarrar mekunad. (QJT az 31.12.08s., №462).

Talaboti haddi aqal ba sifati khizmat dar asosi sifati miyonai ba dast ovardashudai khizmat muqarrar gardida, tashehi on bo maqsadi baland bardoshtani sifati khizmat bo darnazardoshti ehtiyojoti istifodabarandagon, taraqqiyoti tekhniki va qobiliyati hayoti iqtisodi davra ba davra tagyir doda meshavad.

Nazorati sifati khizmat dar asosi nishondihandahoi zarurii kor va usulhoi nazorati sifat, ki bo dasturi dakhldor muayyan megardand, ba amal barovarda meshavad. Operatoroni aloqai barqi har nimsola maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi doyr ba sathi sifati ba dast ovardashuda ogoh menamoyand.

Maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi huquq dorad hangomi vayron kardani talaboti sifati khizmat peshnihod namudani khizmati aloqai barqiro man namoyad.

 

Moddai 38. Huquqi istifodabari az shabakoti aloqa va rasonidani khizmati aloqa

 

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi ba giriftani har guna ijozatnoma jihati ictifodabari az shabakoti aloqai barqi va yo peshnihod namudani khizmati aloqai barqi, inchunin ba giriftani har guna ijozatnrmai istifodabarii spektri radiobasomadi vobasta ba on huquq, dorand.

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikicton metavonand dar khususigardonii shabakai aloqai barqii istifodai umum, ki davlat ihtiyori istifoda yo nazorati onhoro dorad, ipl-irok kunand.

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqii khoriji, agar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikicton tartibi digarero peshbini nakarda boshad, baroi faoliyat dar sohai aloqa muvofiqi hamon shartho va tartibote, ki baroi shakhsoni voqei va huquqii Jumhurii Tojikicton peshbini shudaast, ijozatnoma megirand va dar jarayoni khususigardoni ishtirok mekunand.

 

Moddai 39. Istifodai zabonho va alifboho

 

Surogai shakhsi firistanda va girandai barkiyahoe, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikicton ravona karda meshavand, boyad ba zaboni tojiki va yo zaboni rusi ba rasmiyat darovarda shavand. Matni barkiyaho boyad bo khurufi alifboi tojiki, rusi yo lotini navishta shavad. Akhboroti baynalmilalii tavaseuti shabakahoi aloqai barqi intiqolyofta bo zabonhoe tahiya megardand, kionhoro muqarraroti shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikicton muayyan namudaand.

 

Moddai 40. Vaqti hisobu hisobot

 

Hangomi amali namudani faoliyat vobasta ba peshnihod namudani khizmat az jonibi operatoron va idorahoi khizmatii aloqai barqi, sarfi nazar az joi va mavqei onho dar kalamravi Jumhurii Tojikicton vaqti yagonai hisobu hisobot – vaqti mahalli meboshad.

 

BOBI VII.

ISTIFODAI ZAMINHOI DAVLATI VA VOSITAHOI OPERATORONI SHABAKAI ALOQAI BARQII ISTIFODAI UMUM

 

Moddai 41. Istifodai zaminhoi aloqai barqi, taraqqiyot va tazdidi vositahoi aloqai barqi

 

Ba zaminhoi shabakai aloqai barqi zaminhoe mansuband, ki baroi ictifoda ba operatoron baroi ba amal barovardani vazifahoi ba onho voguzorshuda jihati istifodabari, nigakhdori, sokhtmon, aznavsozi, tarmimi inshoot va obekthoi shabakai aloqai barqi doda shudaand.

Zaminho baroi tamin namudani faoliyati aloqai barqi muvofiqi tartibe, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikicton muqarrar kardaaet, doda meshavad.

Baroi tamini ictifodabari az khathoi kabeli, radiorelei va khathoi havoii aloqai barqi mintakdhoi muhofiza muqarrar karda meshavand. Tartibi muqarrar kardani mintaqahoi mukhofiza, hajmi onho, tartibu nizomi istifodai zaminhoero, ki baroi in maqsadho judo karda shudaand, Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan mekunad.

 

Moddai 42. Joygaronii vositahoi tekhnikii shabakahoi aloqai barqi

 

Mavridi tarhrezi va taraqqiyoti shahrho va digar nuqtahoi aholinishin, hamchunin mahallaho va guzarhoi aholinishin, binohoi alohidai jamiyati va inshootho, idorahoi memori va shahrsozi yakjoya bo tashkilothoi loihakashi va sokhtmoni mutobiqi meyorhoi qobili tatbiq va talab vazifadorand, ki talaboti operatoroni aloqai barqiro jihati joygironii vositahoi tekhnikii onho ba nazar girand.

Operatoron va khizmati aloqai barqi metavonand dar zamin, dar binoho, dar simjubho, dar kuprukho, dar truboprovodho, dar rohho va kollektorho, tunnelhoi rohi ohan va digar joyho, bo ogohonii peshaki va agar talab karda shavad, bo bastani shartnoma bo mulqdoron yo shakhsoni digare, ki ba chunin uchastkahoi zamin yo inshoot huquq dorand, takyagohho, khati aloqa va digar inshootho sozand, nasb kunand va istifoda barand.

Korhoi sokhtmon, nasb va ictifodabarii shabakai aloqai barqi boyad bo bakhisobgirii talaboti amniyati ekologi va bezarar ba sifathoi esgetikii mahalle, ki chunin korho burda meshavand, anjom megirand. Hamzamon baroi har chi kamtar shudani zarare, ki ba molikiyati khususi yo ba munosibati huquqi roh dodan rasonida meshavad, joraho andeshida meshavad. Badi ba okhir rasidani har guna korho oid ba sokhtmon, nasb yo tarmimi shabakai aloqai barqi dar qitai zamin, dar bino yo khud inshoot operatori aloqai barqi vazifador ast, ki qitai zamin, bino yo inshootero, ki dar on kor burdaast, az hisobi khud ba holati avvalaash ovarad.

Operatori aloqai barqi vazifador aet tovoni zarero, ki ba bino, qitai zamin yo inshoot dar natijai sokhtmon, nasb, tarmim, inchunin ictifodabarii shabakai aloqai barqi rasidaast, pardozad.

Dar holathoi favkulodda va dar mavridi zarurati az tarafi operatoron guzaronidani korkoi takhirnopazir oid ba barqaror kardani shabakai aloqai barqi yo vaslkunii inshooti aloqai barqi dar qitai zamin, dar bino yo inshoothoi digare, ki molikiyati shakhsii in guna operator nestand, operatori aloqai barqi vazifador ast tamomi kushishhoro ba harj dihad, to sohibi qitai zamin, bino yo digar inshoothoro ogoh namoyad va sari vaqt rozigii uro baroi guzaronidani korhoi mutazakkira girad. Nagiriftani rizoyati sohib monea ba guzaronidani in korho shuda nametavonad va operatori aloqai barqiro az pardokhti tovoni har guna zarar, ki mavridi ijroi in guna korho rasidaast, ozod namekunand.

Aznavsozi va ba joi digar kuchonidani inshooti aloqai barqi, ki bo takozoi sokhtmoni nav, vase kardan, tajadaudi nuqtahoi aholinishin va binohoi alohida, aznavsozii rohho va kuprukho, azhudkunii zaminhoi nav, aznavsozii sistemai meliorativivu korkardi kandanihoi foidanok ruh medihand, az hisobi suporishdihandai sokhtmon muvofiqi standarthoi jopi va sharthoi tekhnikii sohiboni shabaqot va vositahoi aloqai barqi ba jo ovarda meshavand. Hamzamon ziyod kardani iqtidori aloqai barqi az hisobi sohiboni onho ba amal barovarda meshavad.

 

Moddai 43. Rafi oqibathoi sadama va vayroniho dar shabakoti aloqai barqi

 

Rafi oqibathoi sadama va vayroniho dar shabakoti aloqai barqi az jonibi operatoroni in shabakaho ba amal barovarda meshavad.

Maqomoti idorai davlati ba kori bartarafkunii oqibathoi hodisahoi ruydoda dar shabakoti aloqai barqi kumak merasonand.

Guzaronidani korho jihati rafi hodisahoi ruydoda dar shabakoti aloqai barqi giriftani ijozati istifodabarandagon (sohib, ijoragyar)-i qitai zamin, molikoni bino va yo inshoot, ki dar onho vositahoi aloqai barqi joygir karda shudaand, talab karda nameshavad. Tovoni zarare, ki dar natijai bartarafkunii oqibathoi hodisahoi ruydoda ba molik (sohib, ijoragir) rasonida meshavand, az operatoroni dakhldor sitonida meshavad.

Tovoni zarare, ki ba operatoron dar natijai hodisahoi gayrichashmdosht dar shabakai aloqai barqi bo gunohi shakhsoni voqei va huquqi rui dodaast, muvofiqi tartibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston az khudi onho jubron karda meshavad.

 

BOBI VIII.

MUQARRAROTI NIHOI

 

Moddai 44. Javobgari baroi konunshikani dar sohai aloqai barqi

 

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki baroi vayron kardani muqarraroti Qonuni mazkur gunahgorand, muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 45. Hamkorii baynalmilali

 

Hamkorii baynalmilali dar sohai aloqai barqi dar asosi shartnoma va sozishnomahoi baynalmilali ba amal barovarda meshavad.

Dar faoliyati baynalmilali maqomoti vakolatdori davlati oid ba nazorat va tanzim dar sohai aloqai barqi ba sifati mamuriyati yagonai aloqa baromad mekunad, bo mamuriyathoi aloqai digar kishvarho va tashkilothoi baynalmilalii aloqa hamkori menamoyad, faoliyati baynalmilaliero, ki shakhsoni voqei va huquqi ba amal mebarorand, hamohang mecozand.

Pardokhti haqqi uzviyat baroi ishtiroqi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar faoliyati tashkilothoi baynalmilalii aloqai barqi hatman az tarafi davlat mablaguzori karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 46. Dar borai mavridi amal qaror dodani Qokuni mazkur

 

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmiash mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                             E. RAHMONOV

 

sh. Dushanbe  10 mayi soli 2002

№ 56

 

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