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Aholii Tojikiston

Aholii Tojikiston soli 2018 –um ba 8,5 mln nafar omad rasid.

Nom Aholi
(2018)
hazor tan
Pahnovari,
hazor km²
Zichii aholi,
kas/dar 1 km²
SHumorai
nohiyaho
Markaz
Dushanbe 938.3 0,12 7 758,0 4
Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon 262.2 64,1 3,3 7 Horug
Viloyati Sugd 2425.3 25,2 95,3 14 Hujand
Viloyati Hatlon 3054.3 24,6 117,8 24 Qurgonteppa
Nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri 1907.2 28,6 56,2 13 Dushanbe

Malumoti ilovagi  oidi aholii Tojikiston:

Maqomoti tojik meguyand, ki tibqi tahlilhoi akhir hamagi 57 darsadi aholii Tojikiston ba obi oshomidani dastrasi dorand va boqimonda — 43 darsad va yo taqriban nisfi aholii kishvar az obi oshomidani mahrum hastand. Tagoymurod Islomzoda, rahbari korkhonai vohidi davlatii “Hojagii manzili kommunali”-i Tojikiston ruzi 23-yumi may dar yak hamoish, ki bo shirkati maqomoti tojik va namoyandagoni sozmonhoi baynalmili dar Dushanbe ogoz shud, guft, ki binobar tahlilhoi akhir, baroi purra tamin kardani aholii kishvar bo obi oshomidani, 2 milliard dollar zarur ast.

Ammo vay guft, ki Tojikiston ba tanhoi imkoni paydo kardani in mablagro nadorad va az in ru, az sozmonhoi korshariki Tojikiston davat kard, ki dar amri bunyodi khututi ob, kumak kunand. Ba guftai Islomzoda, tanho bo kumaki sarmoyaguzoroni khoriji va donorho beshtar az 1 million 200 hazor aholii shahrhoi Isfara, Konibodom, Guliston, Buston, Horug va Istiqlol metavonand ba obi oshomidani dastrasi yoband. Bino bar ittiloi SMM, dar holi hozir beshtar az 1 milliard sokini sayyora az obi oshomidani mahrum buda, beshtar az 2 milliard sokini digar ba nazofatu behdoshti dastrasi nadorand.

rost-naselenie-tajikistana

Baruykhatgirii aholiro na kamtar az yak bor dar dah sol yo hangomi baruykhatgirii navbatii aholii jahon doir karda meshavad. Qaror dar borai barguzorii Baruykhatgirii aholiro va muhlati on na dertar az 5 sol to ogozi baruykhatgiri az tarafi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul karda meshavad. Dar Tojikiston badi ba dast darovardani istiqlol du dafa Baruykhatgirii aholiro barguzor shudaast. Bori yakum muvofiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston az 22 mayi 1998 «Dar borai baruykhatgirii aholi» 20–27 yanvari 2000 doir shuda bud. Dar on davra muvofiqi malumoti omori shumorai aholii doimii shahrho nisbat ba s. 1989 (tibqi Baruykhatgirii aholi peshina) az 1 mln 668 hazor to 1623 hazor nafar kam shuda, shumorai aholii doimii dehot baraks az 3441 hazor to 4504 hazor nafar ziyod shudaast. Hamin tarz, dar davomi 11 sol (1989–2000) hissai aholii doimii shahrhoi Tojikiston az 32,5 darsad to 26,5 darsad kam shuda, aholii doimii dehot, baraks, az 67,5 darsad to 73,5 darsad afzudaast. Bori duyum muvofiqi Farmoni Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston az 29 avgusti 2009, № 685 «Dar borai guzaronidani baruykhatgirii aholi» az 21 to 30 sentyabri 2010 dar qalamravi jumhuri Baruykhatgirii aholi va fondi manzil barguzor shud.

Az ruyi malumoti peshakii Agentii omori nazdi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba Baruykhatgirii aholi va fondi manzil, shumorai aholii doimii mamlakat ba holati 21 sentiyabri 2010-um 7565 hazor nafarro tashkil kard. SHumorai aholii jumhuri (dar yanvari 2010) nisbat ba s. 2000-um 1438 hazor nafar yo 23 darsad, dar muqoisa bo hisobu kitobi malumoti avvali s. 2010, 35,4 hazor nafar yo 0,5 darsad ziyod shudaast. In ziyodshavii shumorai aholi dar jumhuri az hisobi afzoishi tabii va pesh az hama, az hisobi nishondihandahoi balandi tavallud va boloravii shumorai tavallud nisbat ba favt ba vujud meoyad. Sarfi nazar az muhojirati aholi ba khoriji jumhuri, dar s. 2010 nisbat ba s. 2000 shumorai aholii shahrho 379 hazor nafar yo 23,3 darsad, aholii dehot 1059 hazor nafar yo 23,5 darsad afzudaast. Jarayoni shahrishavi (urbanizatsiya), ki to s. 2000 dar sathi jumhuri dar avj bud, muvofiqi jambasti peshakii Baruykhatgirii aholi va fondi manzili s. 2010 mutadil gashta, tanosubi aholii shahru dehot 27 darsadi aholii shahr va 73 darsadi aholii dehotro tashkil kard. D. Amonova.

Dar Tojikiston koefitsenti umumii tavalludi aholi dar soli 2009 ba 1000 nafar 26,8, dar shahrho – 23,0, dar dehot – 28,2; az jumla dar VMKB – 17,9, viloyati Sugd – 27,6, viloyati Hatlon – 28,1, shahri Dushanbe – 18,7, nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri – 28,4 bud. Bo sababi baland budani potensiali demografi (beshtar budani aholii sinnashon javon) shumorai aholii Tojikiston to soli 2030 ziyod shuda, minbad surati on sol az sol past meravad. Muvofiqi hisobi mutakhassisoni Instituti demografiya va iqtisodiyoti AI JT aholii Tojikiston soli 2026 taqriban ba 10,2 mln va soli 2056 ba 13,1 mln nafar merasad.

Marbut ba masoili aholi kharitahoi makhsus tartib doda meshavand: kharitai joygirshavii aholi, kharitahoi demografi (bo dar nazar doshtani hayati jinsi, sinnusoli, harakatu joyivazkunii aholi va gayra), etnologi (hayati milli, urfu odat, khususiyati antropologivu zaboni va gayra) kharitai taqsimshavii aholi (aholii shahr va dehnishin) va gayra

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